Diabetes, whose World Day is celebrated on November 14, is a disease that affects 347 million people worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In Spain, the percentage of the population with this disease is 13.8%, more than 5 million people over the age of 18, according to the, prepared in 2011. Almost half of these, 6% were unaware of suffering it. Do you have a family history? Are you overweight? Early detection of the disease is essential to lead a healthy and normal life. In this practicogram we show you how the most common symptoms of diabetes are. To know more visit practicopedia.
Diabetes, a disorder of metabolism
Metabolism is the process that converts eaten food into energy. The most important factor in the development of this process is insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas.
During digestion, food breaks down to create glucose, the body's greatest source of 'fuel'. Glucose passes into the blood, where insulin facilitates its entry into cells.
If this process fails, on the one hand "it deprives the body of its main source of energy and, on the other hand, it can damage blood vessels, kidneys and nerves, as well as produces complications related to the heart, circulatory system and sight ", according to the study 'Type 2 diabetes. Critical Situation Study ', 2012.
Diabetes mellitus, the most common
There are several types of diabetes. The most common is diabetes mellitus, although there are also gestational and MODY. Within diabetes mellitus there are two types:
-Diabetes Mellitus type 1. The pancreas does not produce or produces little insulin.
-Diabetes Mellitus type 2. The cells of the body do not respond to insulin.
Type 1 is more frequent among children and young people. 10% of diabetics suffer from this form of the disorder. Type 2 diabetes occurs more among those over 40 years old. However, according to Dr. Alfonso Calle, Head of the Endocrinology, Metabolism and Nutrition Service at the San Carlos de Madrid Clinical Hospital, "that of the latter type is increasingly frequent from the age of thirty".
In people with type 1 diabetes, since their bodies do not make insulin, they must inject it for life. In people with Type 2, treatment is more complex.
Increased urination and excessive thirst
Type 2 diabetes, which Dr. Calle agrees with other experts in calling the 'plague of the XXI century', is usually associated with sedentary lifestyle, being overweight and unhealthy lifestyle habits.
The symptoms to detect the disease, points out the doctor, "are clearer and more evident in patients with type 1 diabetes, while in type 2 they are usually difficult to recognize. It is usually a very silent disease and it is more common to detect it through from regular blood tests. "
One of the most characteristic symptoms of diabetes is the increased frequency of urination. If you need to urinate frequently, especially at night, it could be a symptom of diabetes. This happens because the kidneys try to get rid of all that excess glucose in the blood as quickly as possible.
This is why excessive thirst appears. Your body is trying to make up for lost fluids. These two symptoms go hand in hand and are some of the body's ways of managing high blood sugar levels.
Weight loss despite having outbursts of high appetite
Excessively high blood sugar levels can also cause rapid weight loss. An adult who loses 5 to 10 kilos in two or three months without any justifying reason should consult a doctor.
If insulin does not deliver glucose to cells, where it is used for energy, the body 'believes' that it is lacking in food and begins to break down muscle protein as an alternative fuel source.
On the other hand, the kidneys also work 'overtime' to eliminate excess sugar, and this leads to a loss of calories, in addition to damaging the kidneys. Both processes require a large amount of energy, which ends up causing a calorie deficit in your body.
All of this supports sudden attacks of hunger, another typical sign of diabetes, that can come from sharp spikes and low blood sugar levels. When blood sugar levels drop, the body believes it has not been fed and demands more glucose than the cells need to function.
Skin problems and infections
Itchy skin, from dry skin or poor circulation, can often be a sign of diabetes. Also other skin problems, such as acanthosis nigricans, a darkening of the epidermis around the neck or armpit.
Furthermore, diabetes makes a variety of infections more likely. Both fungi and bacteria grow in environments rich in sugar. Women, in particular, should be careful with vaginal yeast infections.
Because diabetes can weaken your body's ability to fight germs, it also increases the chance of developing infections of the gums and bones that hold your teeth. The receding of the gums, or the formation of sores on them, are two signs that can trigger alarm signals. https://sugarbalancepills.info/