• North Carolina Lottery History

    North Carolina's lotto is a notably young lottery. In fact, this lottery online came into existence only after state legislation establishing the lottery was signed in 2005.

    This lottery was created with one purpose: to raise funds for education. This is reflected in the official name of the lottery, which is the "North Carolina Education Lottery."

    According to the NC lottery website, 100% of lottery proceeds go towards funding the state's education programs. Lottery players who don't win can find solace in the fact that their money is going towards educating the leaders of tomorrow.

    What Is the NC Lottery Money Being Spent On?

    50% of the proceeds go towards reducing class size ratios for young children, so teachers can give each child more personalized attention.

    40% goes towards school construction and repairs. More schools mean less crowding for expanding student population, and repairs can reduce safety hazards and improve the quality of the student's education environment.

    The remaining 10% of the proceeds goes towards college scholarships. These funds will go to Pell Grant students, which are students from lower income backgrounds. These students can use their scholarship money to help pay their tuition at any North Carolina colleges, whether private or public.

    What Are the NC Lotto Rules?

    The North Carolina lottery provides two main types of lottery.

    Instant scratch-offs are cards with quick games that can be played by scratching away the coverings on different regions of the card. The rules of each game vary, borrowing themes from games like tic-tac-toe and crossword puzzles.

    Generally, scratch-offs have a relatively high win probability but smaller pay-offs. Lottery drawings are the other type of lottery.

    North Carolina has Pick 3, Pick 4, Cash 5, Powerball, and Mega Millions lottery drawings. The rules of each drawing differ, but each has the same basic principles.

    Tickets for the drawings can be purchased at many retail locations, especially convenience stores like 7-11. There are also many online lottery ticket sellers who buy tickets, check results, and handle winnings payments for their users. It is always a good idea to check the reputation of an online lottery site before using its services.

    Depending on the drawing, NC lottery players pick between 3 and 6 numbers, with the available number range varying from drawing to drawing.

    Other variables to consider are ticket price (opting to pay more increases winning potential), drawing date, play type (basically how many numbers need to match and in what order), and the number of times the chosen numbers will be played. It is possible to play several drawings with a single ticket.

    Players can view results on TV or through announcements online. Lotto winners should sign their ticket to prevent others from claiming it and contact the lottery officials through the number on the ticket. From there, players usually have a choice between long term payments over several years or a comparatively smaller lump sum payment.

    While the chances of winning a drawing are pretty small (there's a 1 in 195,249,054 chance of winning the Powerball jackpot), the payouts are large enough to create instant millionaires.

    Past NC Lottery Winners

    One North Carolina lottery couple showed everyone the meaning of suspense when they claimed a $1 million lottery prize one day before the deadline. Nervous about the attention from winning, Raleigh Hill, the lucky NC lottery winner, stalled for months and guarded his ticket by hiding it in a variety of places, including his Bible.

    Another NC lottery winner, Marsha McCain, was able to clear away all of her debts after winning $100,000 dollars. In addition to clearing away her debts, she was able to purchase land and continues to work as a chef.

    Becky Ozmun, a convenience store owner who sells lottery tickets, won a dozen jackpots from scratch-off tickets during a period of 13 months. One of her winnings was a $150,000 prize.

    NC Lottery Fraud

    With its relatively short history, the NC lottery hasn't seen much lottery ticket fraud.

    However, there has been a lot of attention placed on the frequency of lottery ticket jackpots among lottery retailers. There are multiple store owners like Becky Ozmun who have won an above average amount of NC lottery money.

    The North Carolina lottery started tracking whether or not winners are involved in lottery ticket retail in 2008.

    For now, while winning rates among retailers may seem disproportionate, lottery officials have so far seen no concrete evidence of fraud. NC lottery players are encouraged to directly verify lottery results to avoid being scammed by retailers who can claim a ticket is a loser only to later cash it in.

    North Carolina Lottery Trivia

    • Lottery wins can sometimes be cause for depression. North Carolina has a lottery policy requiring that lottery winnings first go towards paying off a winner's lingering debts. For example, hundreds of thousands of NC lottery dollars have gone towards paying off child support.

    • Lottery winnings, like most financial transactions, are subject to taxes.

    • Playslips from other states cannot be used in North Carolina.

    What if there was a strategy you could use to win the NC lottery?

    I know it seems skeptical, but there is a method developed that is proven to be more effective then simply guessing numbers yourself.

  • Do you know how to calculate the odds of winning the lottery, including the Florida Lottery? You can calculate each set of odds for each different lottery game you play. With the assistance of a small hand held calculator or with the free calculator on your computer, you just multiply the numbers together and add one division process when "the order" of your chosen numbers is not required for a particular lottery game.

    What you "need to know" is the number of total balls that the winning numbers are drawn from.....is it 59, 56, 42, 49, or 39? If there is a secondary drawing for the single extra ball, such as the "red ball" with Powerball or the Mega Millions' "gold ball" you need to know how many balls are in this group as well. Are there 49 or 39?

    It doesn't matter if it is the Florida, Ohio, Texas, PA or NJ Lottery. This strategy or formula gives you the true odds. Florida Lottery is 6/53. New York Lottery is 6/59. The Ohio Lottery, Massachusetts Lottery, Wisconsin Lottery, and the State of Washington Lottery carry a 6/49 lottery numbers ratio. Illinois Lottery carries a 6/52.

    Once you have this information correctly in front of you and your calculator in hand, you can start working the formulas. You need to choose five regular balls and one extra ball correctly matched to the winning drawn numbers to win the multi-million dollar jackpot that most of us dream about winning someday.

    In the first example there are 56 balls in the first group and 46 balls in the secondary group. In order to win the Jackpot you need to match all these balls (5 + 1) exactly, but not necessarily in order. The California Lottery's Super Lotto Plus is 47/27. The big drum is spinning with the initial part of the drawing. You have a 1/56 chance to match your number to this first ball.

    With one ball removed after the first number has been drawn, you now have a 1/55 chance of matching another one of your numbers to the second ball drawn. With each drawn number a ball is removed lowering the number of remaining balls by a total of one.

    The odds of you correctly matching the number on the third ball to be drawn is now 1/54 from the total number of balls remaining in the drum. With the third ball removed from the drum and sitting with the other two winning numbers, your odds of correctly matching the fourth ball is reduced to 1/53.

    As you can see each time a ball is released from the drum the odds are reduced by one. You started with a 1/56 chance, then with each new winning number it is reduced to 1/55, 1/54, 1/53, and with the fifth ball you have the odds of 1/52 correctly matching this fifth winning number. This is the first part of the formula of how to calculate your odds of winning the lottery, including the Florida Lottery.

    Now take these five odds representing the five winning numbers (1/56, 1/55, 1/54, 1/53, and 1/52). The "1" on top of the fraction represents your one and only chance to correctly match the drawn number.

    Now you take your calculator and multiply all top numbers (1x1x1x1x1) equal one (1). Next you multiply all the bottom numbers (56x55x54x53x52). Correctly entered and multiplied you discover the total is 458,377,920. The new fraction becomes 1/458,377,920. This is a 458 million to one chance to win. If you were required to pick the numbers in order just like they are drawn, then these would be the odds against you to win this Pick 5/56 ball lottery game.

    Fortunately or unfortunately, you are not required to pick the numbers in the exact order they are drawn. The second step of the formula will reduce the odds, which allows you to match these five winning numbers in any order. In this step you will multiply the number of balls drawn -- five (1x2x3x4x5). With calculator in hand you see that the total equals 120.

    To give you the right to choose your five matching numbers in any order, you create these odds by dividing 120/417,451,320. You definitely need a calculator for this one. 120/458,377,920 reduces your odds of winning this lottery to 1/3,819,816. These are over 3.5 million to one odds against you of winning this Pick 5/56 ball lottery game.

    If this were the Mega Millions Lottery, you need to add the "gold ball" to these five winning drawn balls in order to win the Multi-Million Dollar Jackpot. The single gold ball is calculated as a 1/46 chance of matching it correctly, and since you are drawing just one number it has to be an exact match. Again, you only have that "1" chance to do it right. Now you need to multiply 3,819,816 by 46.

    Grab your calculator and do the multiplication. Your final odds against you winning the Mega Millions Jackpot are calculated to be 175,711,536 or clearly stated 175 million, 711 thousand, 5 hundred 36 thirty-six to one (175,711,536 to 1). Now you know how to calculate the odds of winning the Mega Millions Lottery.

    The Powerball Lottery calculations are based on a 1/59 for the first five white balls and 1/39 for the "red" power ball. The first set of multipliers is 59x58x57x56x55. This group totals 600,766,320. Now divide 600,766,360 by 120 (1x2x3x4x5). Your new total is 5,006,386. There is a 1/39 chance to catch the "red" ball. 39 x 5,006,386 gives you the real odds of winning the Powerball Jackpot, namely 195,249,054 to 1.

    Another 5 +1 Lottery that seems to be everywhere in the United States is the "Hot Lotto" which has a 39/19 count. It is played in 15 different States. DC Lottery, Delaware Lottery, Idaho Lottery, Iowa Lottery, Kansas Lottery, Maine Lottery, Minnesota Lottery, Montana Lottery, New Hampshire Lottery, New Mexico Lottery, North Dakota Lottery, Oklahoma Lottery, South Dakota Lottery, Vermont Lottery, and the West Virginia Lottery. The final odds of winning the minimum $1 Million Jackpot is 10,939,383 to 1.

    A Pick 6/52 ball Lottery game formula looks like this: (1/52, 1/51, 1/50, 1/49, 1/48, 1/47) for a total of 14,658,134,400 divided by 720 (1x2x3x4x5x6) for the odds of 1/20,358,520. Your chance to win the 6/52 Lottery is over 14.5 million to one to win, such as the Illinois Lotto.

    The Hoosier Lottery that uses Indiana State's nickname, carries a 6/48. Michigan Lottery is 6/47, Arizona Lottery and Missouri Lottery are 6/44, Maryland Lottery is 6/43, and Colorado Lottery is 6/42. Compare this to the Florida Lottery.

    A Pick 5/39 ball Lottery game formula looks like this: (1/39, 1/38, 1/37, 1/36, 1/35) for a total of 69,090,840 divided by 120 (1x2x3x4x5) for the odds of 1/575,757 of winning the Jackpot such as the Illinois Little Lotto. Other States with the same 5/39 lottery numbers include the NC Lottery, Georgia and Florida Lottery Fantasy 5, and Tennessee Lottery's Pick 5. Virginia Lottery's Cash 5 carries a 5/34 range.

  • The over-use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in tandem with the Green Revolution of nineteen sixties and seventies (also known as the new seed-fertilizer-water technology) in the Indian context following two decades of their widespread application in the West, has hardened the soil, decreased its fertility, polluted air and water, and brought hazards to our health and environment. Ironically, despite the disastrous consequences of the Green Revolution in the northern parts of the country in recent years, the government seems to be in mood to spread the aftermath of this chemical-seed-fertilizer technology to other parts of the country. However, the hazards of chemical fertilizers on health and environment have been well established by studies carried out from time to time and they pose serious challenges to sustainable development. In this perspective moving towards bio-fertilizers and organic farming from a system of farming requiring high doses of chemical fertilizers and pesticides seems to be a viable alternative as the latter is observed to be friendly to health and environment.

    Chemical Fertilizers and Environment

    Chemical or synthetic fertilizers are basically salts by definition, and therefore, are expected to be harmful to agriculture in the long run. Yet they were promoted by their manufacturers under the misgiving that they would replenish the nutrients in the soil. Contrary to this, studies carried out from time to time have established that synthetic fertilizers tend to replenish only nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorous, while depleting other nutrients and minerals that are naturally found in fertile soil. Decrease in soil fertility also corroborated with continual use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in the field as revealed in these studies.

    Excessive use of phosphatic fertilizers cause hardening of the soil as phosphorous does not dissolve in water, while alkaline fertilizers like sodium-nitrate, basic slag develops alkalinity in soil reducing its fertility. Increasing use of chemical fertilizers also causes imbalance in quantity of specific nutrients in the soil adversely affecting, in turn, soil fertility and vegetation.

    Soil fertility is also reduced due to pesticides applied to wipe out unwanted herbs in the field, insecticides meant to kill pests, and chemicals that have bio-cidal activity affecting rodents etc. Pesticides cause land degradation in various ways. They kill some useful species like the earth worms and micro-organisms that maintain the natural fertility of the soil by their activities. The bacteria or micro-organisms in the soil would normally break down organic matter into plant nutrients, and help convert nitrogen from the air into a plant-usable form. There are other useful soil bacteria such as "disease organisms" which keep cutworms, chinch bugs, grubs, and other parasites in check. Decline in the organic matter of the soil also results in hardening of the soil which, besides affecting vegetation also decreases infiltration and water retention capacity.

    Besides, application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides causes contamination of the aqua system both directly and indirectly. For instance, nitrogen is toxic to fish and invertebrates. It is also toxic to humans. People who depend on rural wells for potable water have higher risk of exposure to conditions like Methemoglobinemia, and aka Blue Baby Syndrome which damages blood cells and is traced to high levels of nitrate concentration as ground water is contaminated. The herbicide atrazine, one of the most commonly used pesticides, is known to be a common water contaminant. Pesticides developed in recent years are found to be more toxic to water dwelling insects, planktons, crustaceans and fish. Even a low level of the herbicide atrazine, through contamination of streams, ponds and estuaries can be harmful to the whole aqua system. It may inhibit the growth of algae and plankton affecting the diet and reproduction of fish or other water bodies.

    It has been observed that, chemical pesticides no more killed the target pests, for the latter had developed resistance absorbing the residue of such pesticides while they have hit the non-target pests, birds and micro-organisms beneficial to agriculture and environment. There are pesticides like organochlorine that are, though breakable, relatively faster than DDT, hit the non-target organisms. They enter the food chain of human-beings and remain accumulated in species like the eagle, falcon and kites. The recent decline in the eagle population is the cause of it. There are cases of decline in kite and vulture population in India due to use of pesticide of an US multinational corporation. It was banned only recently following protest by ecologists.

    Again, use of pesticides not only pollutes the ecosystem contaminating the soil and acqua system, but also pollutes the air. For, even a careful spray of pesticides can make it mix in the air as vapour. As a result, there are chances of poisoning of bees and other pollinators. Thus, apart from posing a threat to biodiversity affecting flora and fauna, chemical fertilizers and pesticides destroy the environment through air, water and soil pollution.

    Chemical Fertilizers, Bio-fertilizers and Our Health

    Pesticides and overuse of chemical fertilizers also affect our health by retaining the residue by food chain. There are evidences of residues of pesticide in vegetables causing chronic health conditions in human-beings such as cancer and other systematic dysfunctions. Residues in food and water extend the hazards to a much wider population than that affecting the farmers alone.

    A twelve-year study by researchers comparing organically grown and chemically grown foods found that synthetic nitrogen fertilizer leaves toxic nitrates in vegetables at least 16 times higher than that found in vegetables grown organically. Nitrates and residues of pesticides have oncogenic or cancer producing elements. The element omega-3 found in vegetables protects us from heart disease, cancer and Alzeimer's disease. But it is decreasing day by day in foods chemically grown. As is obvious, these diseases were not very common before the World War II when chemical fertilizers were not used.

    Scientists have found that minerals containing in the food are crucial to our health. They keep us disease free. Mere vitamins and calories are not sufficient for our survival. But it has been established by studies that chemical fertilizers and pesticides destroy the essential minerals in crops and vegetables. In comparison to vegetables grown under organic system of cultivation these minerals are found much less in quantity in chemically grown vegetables. So it is argued that the foods coming from modern agricultural methods would only fill your stomach but you remain deficient in nutrition.

    Again, studies carried out by researchers in the US and UK over last seventy years has come to the conclusion that organic fruits and vegetables contained 27 per cent more vitamin C than those chemically grown. Besides, they invariably contained more minerals and much less toxic nitrates.

    Bio-Fertilizers and Bio-pesticides as Alternatives

    Unlike the synthetic fertilizers, bio-fertilizers would have no obnoxious problems on our health and ecosystem. Bio-fertilizers include excreta of animals such as cow-dung, vermin-compost, dhanicha (green manure), organic wastes, crop residues, manure etc having biological or organic origin. Use of bio-fertilizers brings back the natural fertility of the soil without causing harm to earth-worms and micro-organisms. Besides, these fertilizers do not leave toxic residues in the food. Far from it, they would retain the natural minerals and the plant absorbs from the soil.

    Bio-fertilizers like vermin-compost will increase soil fertility and prevent hardening of the soil. The vermin and living micro-organisms in the soil would also break the naturally available nitrogen from the air for plant use. Again, it will help allowing infiltration of rain water rather than causing water-logging. The use of bio-fertilizers will have little detrimental effect on ground water as there would be little nitrogen leaching into the earth contaminating the water.

    Again, the use of animal and plant wastes in the field as manures will clean the environment. The organic wastes piled up everywhere can be used as compost reducing the environmental pollution. Besides, the deposits from ponds and aquatic systems can be used as bio-fertilizers and pesticides. This will clean the aquatic system while increasing productivity in the field.

    As against the poisonous chemical pesticides bio-pesticides prepared from natural biological resources like plants and standardized microbes have no harmful effects. Local bio-pesticides like neem leaf and oil, karanj (derris indica) extracts and oil, cow urine can be used as insecticide and fungicide. Unlike the chemical pesticides they do not hit the non-target pests nor do they pollute the environment.

    Preparations of neem include neem cakes, neem kernel, neem oil etc. Neem leaves and oil have been used by farmers in the Indian subcontinent since time immemorial as effective pesticide and preservative as well. Scientists in India, US and Europe have discovered many properties of neem as an obnoxious pest controller. Studies have shown that instead of killing pests at one go neem serves as a pest repellant and ovipositional deterrent, that is, pests do not spread eggs on plants applied with neem extracts.

    Karanj oil and preparations made from it (now available with firms manufacturing them) serve as effective insecticide and miticide. All kinds of mites causing harm to plants like the red spider mites, scarlet mites, yellow mites etc are effectively controlled by preparations made from karanj.


    The development of hybrid seeds of cereals, pulses and other crops though raised the productivity and supported the growing population of the country from starvation, since the sixties, it required greater use of chemical fertilizers, some of the compounds imported from developed countries. After two decades of the Green Revolution it was found that the soil was losing its fertility demanding more and more of chemical fertilizers for the high yielding varieties (HYV) of seeds to raise productivity, while pesticides were to be used in greater doses as pests developed greater resistance. Today the situation is so acute that productivity cannot be increased without surpassing the dangerous level of fertilizer use affecting health and environment, especially in regions like Haryana and Punjab where the per capita consumption of chemical fertilizers is very high. In view of the above hazardous effects of synthetic or chemical fertilizers and pesticides, the question arises, should we continue the use of HYV seed-chemical fertilizers technology? If not, what are the alternatives? In the present context, a system of organic farming using indigenous rather than HYV seeds with bio-fertilizers and local pesticides seems to be the only solution. It is time that both the Union and State Governments should arise from their slumber and promote and propagate the system of organic farming dismantelling the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

  • alex jacob at April 30, 2021 at 2:52am EDT

    Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS) no longer is an enigma in our society. Unfortunately, more and more people have it in some form or another as many in the health care industry are accepting it as a concrete diagnosis. What is it? MCS is defined as a multi-system disorder usually brought on by toxic exposure to a chemical or chemicals. The exposure can be acute, i.e. a large amount of a toxin over a short period (hours to days) or it can be long-term, a low-level exposure over a period of weeks, months or years.

    An example of an acute exposure is a chemical spill and an example of a long-term exposure is a person living in a house that has been tented to kill termites and gets progressively sick.

    MCS over the long haul depletes an individual's nutritional stores and causes problems in many different systems and organs in the body. Hence the term multi-system disorder. The person becomes sensitized to the particular chemical. With repeated exposure, the sensitivity increases.

    Also, there is what is called a spreading effect where the individual is bothered by many more different chemicals. As this happens, more body systems become involved. MCS almost always effects the Central Nervous System.

    According to the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM) the diagnosis, treatment, and etiologic assessment of MCS had remained a troublesome medical and social concern for individuals, physicians, government and organizations. Also, according to the ACOEM, the condition was first described in 1952 and has since amassed over 20 different names, including "environmental illness", "total allergy syndrome", "20th Century disease" and "Chemical Aids". My personal favorite is 20th Century disease.

    In my mind, this name is totally appropriate since our society's quest to preserve everything from food to building materials has created this mess.

    ACEOM recognizes that there is a lack of scientific research about MCS. However, they support tentative conclusions about MCS. These conclusions are: 1) that there is no immunologic basis for MCS. 2) that there is an overlap between MCS, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia and other historic non-specific condition.

    An article by Japanese physicians from the University of Tokyo School of Medicine is pretty much in agreement with the statement of the ACOEM. Baisky AJ,Borus from the Division of Psychiatry at Birgham and Womens Hospital in Boston Massachusetts in an article titled Functional Somatic Syndrome which is another way of saying MCS states that even though physical causes may ultimately be found in patients with MCS, the suffering of these patients is exacerbated by a self perpetuating, self-validating cycle in which common endemic, somatic symptoms are incorrectly attributed to serious abnormality reinforcing the persons belief that he/she has a serious illness. In other words, although there may be just medical cause for this condition, much of the symptoms are psychological. I am in total disagreement with this statement as I believe and will try to prove to all that MCS is a toxic reaction to chemicals that creates abnormal physiological function in the body.

    In 1999, consensus criteria for the definition of MCS were formulated because even though there continues to be a lack of objective physical evidence that support the diagnosis of MCS, government studies in the U.S., U.K. and Canada revealed 2-4 times as many cases of chemical sensitivity among Gulf War Veterans than soldiers who weren't deployed to the region.

    Also, state health department surveys of civilians in New Mexico and California showed that 2-6% respectively, have been diagnosed with MCS and that 16% of civilians reported and "unusual sensitivity to common everyday chemicals. Those criteria are as follows: 1) chronic condition. 2) symptoms that occur reproducibly. 3) symptoms that respond to low levels of exposure. 4) symptoms to multiple unrelated chemicals. 5) symptoms that disappear or are reduced when the chemical is removed. 6) symptoms that occur in multiple organs.

    In my opinion, the best thing that is happening with regards to MCS is awareness. Today, there are more governmental agencies and health care providers who acknowledge MCS.

    BBC News Online did an article March 15th,00, called Household Chemicals Health Warning by Alex Kirby. In the article, it talks about Drs. Keith Eaton and Honor Anthony who are the authors of the report Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Recognition and Management that was published in the British Society for Allergy, Environmental and Nutritional Medicine. " Drs. Eaton and Anthony urge the British government to tighten the regulation of chemical use, including stricter controls on the authorization of new chemicals and the removal of persistent chemicals from food." Interestingly, only 14% of the most heavily used chemicals used in Europe have a full set of basic safety data publicly available. I find that incredible.

    One of the television news magazine's here in the US did an hour show on Sick Building Syndrome. It featured the total disruption of families because of fungus growing rampant in their house. The other story that they did was the family disrupted and forced to move out of their house because they had their house sprayed for termites. These are real phenomenon, no one would ever imagine this. Because of all the chemicals in the products that are put in our buildings, the US Environmental Protection Agency calls indoor air quality one of the top five environmental health risks of our time.

    Benzene and formaldehyde both, both carcinogens are only protected by OSHA which is the Occupational Health & Safety Administration in a white collar setting. Elissa Feldman, EPA's associate director of Indoor Environments Div. states "There is no federally guaranteed protection from exposure to unhealthy air indoors." Feldman also calls the air going through the buildings "chemical soup. Of course, there are many other ways and many other chemicals that can cause Sick Building Syndrome. I'm limiting it simply because of space.

    Let us talk for a minute about formaldehyde. Another name for it is embalming fluid. It's a preservative. I tell you, it is everywhere, from foods to drinks to walls, just everywhere. Remember, I said in the previous paragraph that it is carcinogenic. That means cancer causing. Amazingly, there are only two beers that I have found that does not have formaldehyde in it.

    What about pesticides that are known cancer causing agents? Sure, the US government bans them from being used on produce in the US, but we still import produce from other countries that use those harmful pesticides. I ask why?

    People who are affected by MCS usually have experienced toxic amounts of substances through repeated exposure to synthetic chemicals. Remember, I stated that you can have either a repeated exposure to small amounts or a one time exposure to a large amount. Notice I said synthetic chemicals. Man- made products are causing this to happen to us. We are doing this to ourselves. It's the odor of the chemical for the most part that causes the damage. This includes many of the common household products that are in our cabinets now.

    From what I can gather, MCS affects about 16% of the population. Now that is a huge percentage of the population. Why though only those 16%. No one can say for certain. Obviously, the 16% have some sort of vulnerability, maybe some genetic predisposition. That is the conclusion that I come to.

    When MCS occurs through the odor of the chemical, it effects the oldfactory (nasal) system. Now remember from above that MCS is a multi-system condition. This being because it affects the Central Nervous System, the brain if you will. The odor then goes from the nose to the different parts of the brain. That is how it reaches the multiple systems. Not a good thing! Again, we are doing this to ourselves. When MCS occurs through the ingestion of the chemical for an example in our food, it is treated like any other chemical that enters our body and causes a reaction.

    What about food? Much of our food is chemically treated so that it is more profitable to the companies. Ingesting these foods and chemicals can cause a myriad of health concerns. Most of these pesticides are neurotoxic which means that they adversely effect the Central Nervous System of the insects that are targeted to kill. An individual who is vulnerable will have an adverse reaction. Also, just as a side bar, simply because a fruit or vegetable is classified as organic doesn't mean it doesn't have pesticides. Some organic growers spray the soil not the plant itself and call it organic. You have to be an investigator.

    There is much discussion about Phorphyrin Metabolism problems as they relate to MCS. From the Porphyria Educational Services Bulletin, Vol. 1 No. 39, Sept 22, 1999. To paraphrase, it states" that chemicals do indeed play a large part in triggering acute attacks of porphyria in today's modern environmentally unsafe world. However, porphyria as a disease on it's own was around long before chemicals played a roll in the increase of the disease. The well known MCS writer, Cynthia Wilson who spent her life in research and writing on our toxic world, found by her research that there are 3,700 toxins that are directly linked to porphyria. As you can see, the chemical toxicity causes the porpyria, the porpyria doesn't cause the chemical toxicity.

    Researchers at the University of Washington and The University of California at Los Angeles in August of 1998 as reported in the Journal Nature, began mapping out how differently people react to the same pesticides and chemicals. They found through their research that one person can be 100 times as sensitive to a particular chemical than another person. "A little bit of difference in metabolism can make a lot of difference in response," says Clem Furlone, a professor in the UW's Department of Environmental Health. They concluded that the difference in people stem from an enzyme in the body. This enzyme apparently is a contributing factor for vascular disease and also regulates resistance to some pesticides. "Someone with low levels of this enzyme would be very susceptible to those pesticides," says Furlong.

    This is an explanation of why individuals are sensitive only to some pesticides. Logical deduction would lead on to believe that MCS sufferers have deficiencies in different kinds of enzymes that make them susceptible to a particular one or group of chemicals.

    In 1998, a research group lead by Diane M Shih found that mice lacking an enzyme called serum paraoxonase are susceptible to organophosphate toxicity. I believe we are getting there people. Only closed minds will prevent us from understanding more and more about this disease as time goes on

    My husband who was a chiropractic, homeopathic and acupuncture physician prior to his disability keeps pointing out to me while writing this article is that in his opinion, the MCS patient is hypersensitized. What does he mean by that? In this case, hypersensitized means that you can and or will react to almost anything. Does that mean that your toxicity is to everything? No! My husband says that because of the toxicity to the one or 2 chemicals, your system is now sensitive to any and every chemical. In my husband's opinion, the Multiple Chemical Sensitivity comes from being hypersensitive to multiple chemicals because of the toxic overload by one or two chemicals to your system. My husband goes on to describe two types of unfavorable reactions in the body. A histamine reaction which we all know as allergies that are treated for the most part by antihistamines, and a kinin reaction. Histamine reactions are caused by pollens, dust, mites, etc. Kinin reactions are cause by chemicals and such. It is the kinin release that caused the hypersensitivity. Because of this, my husband believes that finding the chemical that cause the initial kinin release is imperative.


    OK so you suspect or are certain that you have MCS. What next? Do you simply go to any physician that is available? The answer to that is a resounding NO! First off, you need to make sure that the physician you choose believes that MCS is a physical, not psychological condition. The physician needs to believe that synthetic chemicals toxically overload your body. Don't even let him/her make the implication that your condition is psychological.

    So what do you do if you have or think you have MCS? The first thing that you need to do is to seek medical help. What kind of physician do you go to? I think that the best answer to that is one who understands what MCS is. That could be a MD, DO, DC, Acupuncturist or a Homeopath. To find the right person nearest you, you need to do some investigating. Check with MCS organizations to try and find the nearest one to you. Personally, my preferences are the homeopathic practitioner and the Acupuncturist, because in my opinion you need natural approach.

    There are acupuncture points that will drive toxins out of the body. The homeopath is equipped with remedies that will counteract most chemicals. My husband a retired Chiropractor, Homeopath/Acupuncturist treated many people with MCS and according to him with good results. He states that he used a combination of acupuncture, homeopathic remedies and nutrition to help combat this condition. The one thing that he stressed to his patients was that it was mandatory that they get out of the environment that is causing them to be sick. Without that, nothing will work.

    Without taking an active role in helping yourself, you will become a prisoner to the chemical environment. Some of you are too damaged already for many things to help. That doesn't mean you shouldn't try. Keep on trying.

    In order for you to have a chance of getting better with a certain physician, in my opinion he/she needs to make a declaration to you that they recognizes the intensity and the reality of your symptoms and that they are indeed related to a chemical toxicity. Without that declaration, in my opinion you will not have any confidence that he/she can help you and consequently, you will not receive any help.

    Remember you doctor can not give you all of the answers on the first visit. It should take time to gather all of the information needed to properly advise you. When your doctor is taking your initial history, you should make sure that you review each symptom that you have. You need to tell him/her when the symptom started and probably more importantly how did it start? Was it after a specific exposure to a specific chemical? How long was the exposure? What have you done to try to heal yourself?

    The doctor's examine should focus on the body parts in question with specific blood work for the specific organ system. Just as important as doing the proper tests for the specific organ in question, don't allow the doctor to order tests that are not necessary and therefore will cost you more money. The following tests are not recommended for routine evaluation of MCS because either they can precipitate a violent reaction or because they are worthless for the diagnosis. Notice I say routine. There could be a specific reason for anyone of these tests. Let your doctor explain to you why you need the test. 1) Environmental challenge test. 2) Quantitative encephalography. 3) Brain electrical activity mapping. 4) Neuropsychogenic testing. 5) Brainstem evolked potentials. 6) Position emission tomography. 7) Immunologic testing and determination of blood levels of trace volatile organic compounds or pesticides. These tests sound important but don't help in the diagnosis of MCS.

    Your physician's primary objective is to help you uncover which chemical/chemicals are causing your condition. You need to work as a team with your physician to uncover this mystery. Note nothing is trivial in this investigation.


    While a number of different types of treatments may help improve you overall health, only complete and strict avoidance for the specific chemical/chemicals will stop the progression and if not to much damage has occurred, improve the health of a MCS patient. The most essential part in treating a patient with MCS is identifying and then avoiding the chemical/chemicals that triggered your body's reaction. Even with strict avoidance of the trigger chemical/chemicals, improved health may take up to a year.

    The web site http://www.ourlittleplace.com has a wonderful page named guidelines for Non-toxic Living. I'm going to highlight them for you but feel free to go to the site and read them thoroughly. 1) Avoid all scented products. 2) Avoid all fabric softeners, dryer sheets, Clorox scented detergents, etc. 3) Avoid all pesticides, fungicides, herbicides and fertilizers. 4) Use only non-toxic cleaning products and person care products. 5) Drink and bathe in filtered water. 6) Eat organic food. 7 Wear only natural-fiber clothing, 100% cotton, linen, wool or silk. 8) Use only 100% cotton, wool or pure silk bed linens and blankets. 9) As much as possible avoid plastics. 10) Open your windows as often as possible. 11) Certain houseplants are beneficial to remove toxins from the air. The best are philodendrons, spider plants, aloe Vera etc. Go to the site to get the rest.

    The second thing that the MCS patient needs to do to improve their health is to maintain optimal nutrition. What is optimal nutrition? You need to make sure that you are eating enough calories. My research has lead me to the opinion that your food intake should be 40% protein, 30% fats, and 30% carbohydrates, very similar to the Zone diet. In the next couple of paragraphs, I'm going to outline some natural therapies. Prior to outlining them, I did research into their efficacy and spoke to a number of physicians including my husband. I am not giving out medical advice; I am simply trying to expand your knowledge. I suggest that you do your own research, speak to your own physician and come to a conclusion if you want to try any of these natural therapies.

    Nutritional supplementation in my opinion is very important. A general multivitamin is fine to take as a baseline. Make sure that your multivitamin is entirely natural. Do not take any synthetic vitamin! Synthetic vitamins are man make chemicals. That is what got you feeling sick right! Along with your multivitamin, according to my husband, you should take a B complex 75 mg., and approximately 2 grams of Vitamin C. Also, very important are proteolytic enzymes. These should be taken immediately upon awakening in the morning and then wait an hour before you have something to eat. With all supplementation, you need to follow the directions on the bottle. Most importantly, you need to investigate and find these vitamins in an all-natural source. Again, do not use synthetic vitamins or one with fillers.

    Acupuncture therapy can be very beneficial to the MCS patient. There are specific acupuncture points that release toxins from the body. There are also points that can strengthen specific organs. I would be very cautious taking Oriental Herbs though. If you are being treated by an acupuncturist who wants you to take pre- packaged Oriental Herbs, make sure that there are no synthetic chemicals or fillers in the herbs. Also, make sure that any bulk herbs that you take have not been sprayed with anything. This can be dangerous to you. Ask a lot of questions and be a good investigator. A good acupuncturist is worth their weight in gold to a MCS patient in my opinion.

    Homeopathy in my opinion can be extremely helpful to the MCS patient. A good Homeopathic Physician is priceless. The Homeopath needs to take an exhaustive history to match your symptoms to the proper remedy. There are many different kinds of remedies that can be prescribed. My husband tells me that each case is different to the homeopath. However, he used three remedies a lot with MCS patients. They were Nitric Acid, DDT, and Formaldehyde.

    When it is all said and done, I believe that combining all three of the natural remedies along with strict avoidance of the offending chemical/chemicals will give you the best chance of regaining some of your life.

  • If you must smoke at all, why not do so in style? Cigarette lighters, cigarette holders, and cigarette cases help you light up with panache.

    Dual Purpose

    Cigarette cases are often metal, hinged cases designed to store cigarettes in small amounts and keep them fresh, especially when traveling. Cigarettes are kept from falling out of their cases by a spring-loaded retaining arm.

    Cigarette cases these days, however, have since evolved into more than storage cases. They have morphed into accessories that enhance the personality of the smoker carrying them. In fact, cigarette cases have become as much a status symbol as watches, mobile phones, and jackets.

    Variety in Cigarette Cases

    A range of cigarette cases are currently available in the market. There are varieties made to fit any gender, age, and personality. Cigarette cases normally hold up to 18 cigarettes, though that number differs with each case. Most cases are shallow enough to store only one row or half a pack of cigarettes. Cigarette cases can fit both filtered and unfiltered cigarettes.

    Nowadays, cigarette cases are created from any material, with metal being the most popular. There are now cigarette cases made of materials such as gold, silver, brass, chrome, leather, aluminum, canvass, and even plastic.

    Cigarette cases sport designs ranging from famous artwork to famous people, cartoon characters to landscapes. For a more personal touch, some people commission embossed designs on their cigarette cases. Engravings are also very popular with metal cigarette cases. Customized designs and patterns are often available upon request.

    Cigarette Cases in Fashion

    Though both genders use cigarette cases, they are more popular with women. Cigarette cases can be a fashion statement. Many have been designed as purses to match outfits, mainly made from velvet, PVC, and leather. Men, on the other hand, often stick to the classic metal cigarette case.

    Cigarette Cases and Business

    Cigarette cases are popularly used by companies whose main clientèle are smokers. Cigarette lighter manufacturers like Zippo and Bic have their own line of cigarette cases, often matching their cigarette lighters. Liquor companies like Jack Daniels and Johnny Walker have long since produced their own line of cigarette cases, too. Even Playboy magazine has also tapped into the revenue brought about by cigarette cases.

    Cigarette Cases and the Non-Smoker

    From a non-smoker's point of view, cigarette cases can also be very useful. Instead of using it to store cigarettes, it may be used to keep a multitude of other things. Techie people have found cigarette cases to be very useful in housing tiny, sensitive devices like PCMCIA and Compact Flash cards because they keep dust and dirt away from the connectors.

    Cigarette cases are also cool alternatives to wallets or purses. You can carry cash and coins, credit cards, and identification cards in them. They can help you prevent the unwanted bending of items when you carry them around in your pocket.

    Cigarette cases are good for any number of things. Whichever way you use it, however, always remember that cigarette smoking is dangerous to your health.

    In need of cigarette cases? Whether it's a cigarette case you need, a Swiss Army watch, or ringbearer presents, our site can give you with what you need.

  • Nicotine itself is not addictive, but it is responsible for releasing dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure and reinforcements in the brain, thus inducing addictive tendencies in humans. Nicotine is a chemical found in tobacco leaf, the main ingredient in cigarettes and is said to cause addiction and disease in cigarette smokers, (World Health Organization (WHO)).

    Nicotine mimics the activities of acetylcholine, a naturally occurring neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and the nerve-muscle junction of skeletal muscles. Acetylcholine is responsible for excitability, which causes increase heart rate, alertness, and reaction times, (Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1989; 97(2):257-61.). Because acetylcholine and nicotine are chemically similar, they trigger the same cholinergic receptors in the brain. The nicotine-acetylcholine receptors consist of nerve endings that release dopamine when coupled or bind with nicotine or acetylcholine. Receptors are like cups having the exact dimensions that will fit a neurotransmitter molecule, such as acetylcholine.

    The cup itself is lined with nerve endings (tips of neurons). It is these nerve endings that release dopamine when the neurotransmitter acetylcholine binds with the cup-like acetylcholine receptors (cholinergic receptors). A reinforcing and reward phenomenon of dopamine develops because the dopamine that is released from the nerve endings initiates a feeling of pleasure in the individual's brain. The reinforcement mechanism is initiated when the brain becomes addicted to the pleasure caused by the dopamine that is released from the cholinergic receptors. This means that the brain is constantly seeking to be pleasured. So, what will happen in the case of cigarette smokers is that they will continue to smoke cigarettes so the nicotine from the cigarette can induce the release of dopamine in the brain, causing them to feel happy every time they smoke a cigarette, (Nature Reviews Neuroscience 7, 967-975 (December 2006)).

    The first time cigarette smokers smoked cigarettes there were only a few cholinergic receptors available because the natural action of acetylcholine only needs the normal amount of receptors provided by nature to do its job. However, the increase concentration of nicotine available caused the normal amounts of cholinergic receptors to become desensitized to the presence of the increased number of nicotine in the cholinergic receptors. This desensitization causes the production or growth and development of more cholinergic receptors. These extra cholinergic receptors will soon become desensitized from the excess nicotine available. Such processes occur until equilibrium is reached. Equilibrium is reached when cigarette smokers decide on the amount of cigarettes they will consume or smoke in a given day. At this time, a fixed amount of receptors will be available for the addiction to continue. Smokers will normally say they smoke one or two packs per day. They said so because of the amount of receptors available to accommodate two packs of cigarettes in a day.

    A detrimental effect of all this is the fact that such large amounts of cholinergic receptors are now available and hungry for nicotine. So, they can stimulate dopamine to pleasure the cigarette smoker. This is the reason why cigarette smokers have a very difficult time quitting. The best approach therefore for a cigarette smoker to use in quitting is to gradually cut back on the amount of cigarettes smoked in a given time interval.

    In addition to the dopamine-inducing effect of nicotine, is the speeding-up of the heart rate by nicotine every time a cigarette is smoked. From a medical perspective, constantly having an artificial increase in heart rate isn't a great idea either. For one thing, a constant increase in heart rate by drugs such as nicotine can cause heart disease, (WHO).

    According to the World Health Organization, tobacco use leads to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, such as heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, and cancer. Most cigarette induced cancers are lung cancer, cancers of the larynx, mouth, and pancreas. Cigarette smoke also causes myocardial infarctions, peripheral vascular disease and hypertension. The World Health Organization estimates that tobacco is responsible for about 5.4 million deaths in 2004 and about 100 million deaths during the 20th century.

    In addition to its addictive effects on the central nervous system, cigarette smoke contains a multitude of cancer-causing agents. They work by binding to DNA causing many genetic mutations. Nicotine could be the main culprit that is doing the binding to DNA causing genetic mutations, which leads to cancer. Nicotine is said to disrupt the natural processes of apoptosis (programmed cell death) by binding to DNA in cells, (National Institute of Health (NIH)). Defective cells consist of junk DNA and other waste materials. When apoptosis is inhibited, natural cell death does not occur; instead, defective cells are allowed to proliferate or grow larger, uncontrollably. This is what happens in cancer and the main reason why cigarette smokers are more susceptible to developing cancers.

    When apoptosis is uncontrollably triggered by chemicals, such as nicotine, it causes normal cells to die off. This could possibly be what is happening in the heart tissues of cigarette smokers who suffer from heart disease and could also be what is taking place in the extremities of cigarette smokers, who often complain of excessive coldness in their fingers, arms, toes, and legs, where circulation is lowest.

    There are no existing studies to support this exact explanation. However, based on the knowledge of known scientific evidence of apoptosis and the increase in death rates of cigarette smokers, this hypothetical explanation has some credence; and will continue to have credence until proven otherwise! There is something deadly that is happening to cigarette smokers and nicotine is one of the agents behind it.

    The tar in cigarette smoke is also an agent that sucks the life out of cigarette smokers. The lung of a cigarette smoker is as black as the color of asphalt. It is like a severe piece of burnt pot roast. This is why most cigarette smokers have difficulty breathing. It is next to impossible for air to pass freely down the airways of smokers. The sad thing is that it is difficult for cigarette smokers to quit. So, they continue down the road of destruction, day after day, puffing on the silent killer--cigarette smoking.

    One very important solution to quitting smoking is smoking one less cigarette a day or even one less cigarette in a month if one less cigarette a day is too steep of an adjustment to the deadly habit. If one normally smokes a pack of cigarettes a day, that individual should remove one of those cigarettes and discard it--throw it in the trash can. Remember that the smoking of cigarettes started gradually. No one started smoking a pack of cigarettes a day in that awful beginning stage of smoking cigarettes. Smoking one less cigarette per a particular time frame will help eliminate the excessive cholinergic receptors that nicotine so dearly craves.

    Wellbutrin is another method for helping people stop smoking. Wellbutrin is an antidepressant drug used by people with depression. However, it is very potent in helping people kick the deadly habit of cigarette smoking. It can be taken while smoking, unlike other smoking cessation agents. Wellbutrin blocks nicotine receptors and weakens the action of dopamine reuptake by neurons, (J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2000 Oct; 295(1):321-7.).

    Cigarette smokers who are interested in quitting should implement an exercise program in their schedule because the lack of nicotine in ex-cigarette smokers causes weight-gain. How do we know this? Former cigarette smokers who kicked the habit complain of putting on weight after they quit smoking. Ask any ex-cigarette smoker. One will hear the same thing. Nicotine induces weight-loss in smokers. This is why most cigarette smokers are skinny or slim. If a cigarette smoker is overweight while smoking cigarettes, then that person should definitely seek medical attention because there could be a very dangerous medical condition lurking in the shadows.

  • alex jacob about 1 month ago

    Photocopiers have changed drastically in the last ten years, now being able to perform many more tasks than just duplicating hard copies of documents. These improvements in technology mean that many photocopiers use a built in hard drive so function in a different way to some older photocopiers. Although impressive, these changes sometimes cause a few problems with accessibility for disabled users, especially as small touch screens have replaced the old large, easily recognisable buttons. Photocopiers can perform many more functions and so need a screen to display all the options but this change meant that some people found them hard to access. However, a few photocopier manufacturers have now come up with ways to improve the accessibility of photocopiers.

    Voice guidance kits are now available for visually impaired users which often work by having a small speaker attached to the side of photocopiers and use speech-output software to communicate with a user. The number pad is used to go through various functions, with the speech output guiding the user. Braille label kits can also be provided for some devices, making tactile buttons recognisable.

    Automatic document feeders that are now included in photocopiers increased the speed at which multiple documents can be copied. However, where there used to be just a straight forward platen cover covering the platen glass, these often now incorporate automatic document feeding equipment, making them heavier to lift and especially difficult for wheelchair users. To combat this problem, an accessibility handle can be fitted to many photocopiers which makes lifting the document feeder much easier.

    Touch screens can also be a problem as they are designed to be viewed from above and sometimes do not have very high contrasts making them difficult to access by wheelchair users and people with low vision. This problem has again been addressed by some photocopier manufacturers. The majority of photocopiers can now be networked. Software such as Remote Operator's software kit can be installed on the photocopiers, allowing users to access from a laptop or desktop PC, where the contrast and size of the information can be changed to make it more easily readable.

    A number of measures have been taken to improve accessibility of photocopiers. Technology in photocopiers and their capabilities has improved vastly in the last ten years and should be accessible to everyone. Now that a few photocopier manufacturers have taken measures to improve accessibility for disabled users it should mean that more people will be able to take advantage of these new features and access them easily.

    For more information about the accessability of photocopiers please click here.

  • A business can make a very huge investment into a photocopier. The basic computer printer/copier that comes with standard ink cartridges might be fine for the home, but a busy office environment is going to require a professional grade photocopier machine. A high end photocopier also does have to be properly taken care of. Taking care of the copier refers to more than just replacing the ink cartridges after their use life has expired. Regular repair work might be required beyond just changing ink cartridges. To ensure this is done properly and timely, signing an agreement with a maintenance service is strongly recommended.

    In a busy office, a great many people are going to be using the photocopier. In addition to providing copies, the machine may be handling fax duties and also facilitating print orders from computers. A lot of use also means a lot of wear and tear. Yes, the office is going to go through a lot of ink cartridges but this is not exactly unexpected, nor is it very difficult to replace a cartridge when it runs out. Major problems are when the machine just does not perform as requested or even shuts down and cannot power up again. Out of the ordinary noises that clearly indicate something is wrong would be another harbinger of a serious problem that must be fixed. No matter how well-made a top of the line machine may be, parts are going to wear out due to constant use. In some cases, mishandling can lead to damage to the machine. To deal with such problems, it is best to place a call to a repair service.

    Signing a service agreement with a photocopier repair and maintenance service in advance of any problems is strongly recommended. The reason is you do want an immediate response to any woes that arise with the photocopier. Buying ink cartridges is easy. Clearing out a paper jam in a photocopier on your own is not very complicated. Locating what the root cause of an operational failure requires expertise as does being able to fix the problem with the photocopier. Getting a quick response after merely placing a phone call to a photocopier service technician ensures office operations can resume quickly.

    Trying to find a quality photocopier repair service after a machine breaks down is not easy. Again, you are not just ordering ink cartridges. You are seeking expert help. A prudent approach would be to sign a service agreement with a company immediately after buying the photocopier. This way, when a problem occurs, the photocopier problem can be quickly fixed.

    Evolutel offers a wide range of products and services for the telephony and networking needs of small and medium-sized businesses. Whether you're in need of IT services, ink cartridges or photocopier repair services EvoluTEL are a one-stop solution for all your business needs.

  • Before you start adding anything into your coffee, let's first try to get something straight: a cup of black, unadulterated coffee made from quality coffee beans is amazing all by itself. In addition to tasting great, coffee can help improve mental and physical performance, so it's no wonder that so many people around the world start the day off with a cup of coffee in the morning.

    I myself have been a regular coffee drinker since my college days and always prefer my coffee black. In fact, I find it hard to understand how people can truly appreciate coffee after adding so much stuff to it. It's incredible how much sugar, cream and more sugar you see people adding to their coffee. My theory is that people who do this may not actually like coffee - it is the sugar-high they are after, with a little caffeine thrown in for good measure.

    So when I first heard about how people were adding globs of butter to their coffee, I wondered whether loading coffee up with fat instead of sugar was really all that different.

    Is chasing a fat-high more worthy than chasing a sugar-high?

    What Exactly Is Bulletproof Coffee?

    "Bulletproof coffee" is a term originally coined by self-proclaimed biohacker, Dave Asprey, to refer to coffee made with his own brand of coffee beans, blended together with healthy fats. Of course, nowadays it seems the term "bulletproof coffee" is used more broadly to refer to any cup of coffee that is mixed with fats such as butter, coconut oil and MCT oil. The idea is that these fats, combined with caffeine, can give you a nice, sustainable energy boost while also making you feel full and satiated.

    Bulletproof coffee is certainly gaining in popularity in the U.S., particularly among athletes and CrossFitters. In a recent three-part series on nutrition in the NBA, CBS Sports even talks about how bulletproof coffee is the "pregame beverage of choice" for the Lakers. A quick Google Trends search for "bulletproof coffee" shows that the term started building steam towards the end of 2012 and has been on the uptrend ever since.

    What Are The REAL Benefits Of Drinking Bulletproof Coffee?

    If you head to Asprey's website, you can find the following claims about bulletproof coffee:

    "It makes you feel energized, alert, and focused all day without the crash of commercial energy drinks." "It will keep you satisfied with level energy for 6 hours if you need it, and because I'm having it for breakfast, I'm programming my body to burn fat for energy all day long!" "Try this just once, with at least 2 Tbs of butter, and have nothing else for breakfast. You will experience one of the best mornings of your life, with boundless energy and focus. It's amazing." Now I'm not going to try to refute any of these claims. In fact, I tend to agree with most of them. However, the issue that I have is this: How many of these benefits could be attributed to drinking coffee alone, regardless of whether you "bulletproof" it?

    I would venture to guess that most of the benefits that people claim to experience from drinking bulletproof coffee come from the coffee itself. But I've found that the real distinguishing benefit of bulletproof coffee that is seldom stressed, perhaps because it is so ridiculously simple, is that you will feel full after drinking bulletproof coffee.

    The fact that you will feel full after chugging generous amounts of butter and oil with your coffee probably doesn't come as a surprise to most people. But why I would view it as the key benefit of bulletproof coffee may not be so obvious. Basically it comes down to the fact that there are only so many decisions that your brain can handle effectively in a day. Therefore, if you want to be effective, it is important to minimize distractions and focus on the decisions that matter most. Bulletproof coffee, in this case, can help you manage your hunger so that it isn't a distraction. The idea is to overcome the conventional belief that in order to function, you have to or should eat breakfast, lunch and dinner at set times every day. You should listen to your body, and if you aren't hungry, you have the green light to continue conquering the task at hand.

    Is Bulletproof Coffee for YOU?

    At this point, a logical question might be: "If all bulletproof coffee does is make you full, why don't you just drink regular coffee and eat like a normal person?"

    For me it comes down to efficiency and diet.

    Firstly, if you are already a coffee drinker like me, why not kill two birds (caffeine craving and hunger) with one stone? Adding some butter to your coffee is more efficient and less distracting than having to decide on what to eat for breakfast and then either prepare it yourself or buy it from somewhere. Those who appreciate the productivity benefits of sticking to daily rituals will be able to understand this point best.

    Secondly, I think a point often missed by people commenting on whether bulletproof coffee is "good" or "bad" is that many bulletproof coffee drinkers (myself included) are on low-carb diets. Diets that are low in carbohydrate (basically sugar) are typically high in fat. In other words, low sugar diet = high fat diet. Thus while fatty coffee might sound delicious to a low-carb dieter who is accustomed to consuming higher quantities of fat, it is understandable how someone on a conventional diet might find the concept disgusting.

    So to summarize, I recommend trying bulletproof coffee if any of the following statements apply to you:

    You aren't convinced that eating three meals a day is "necessary" and prefer to spend less time eating and more time being productive. You want to simplify your daily routine so that you can focus on the things that matter. You prefer eating fat over sugar. You are on a low-carb diet. Shanghai Bulletproof Coffee

    If you've gotten this far, I assume it means you are ready to try bulletproof coffee. Allow me to explain how I make my own version, which I'll call Shanghai Bulletproof Coffee. "Shanghai" in the name is recognition of the fact that my less precise (and thus more Chinese) preparation strays from Asprey's strict approach, and it's how I make it here in Shanghai. Shanghai Bulletproof Coffee is about getting the desired performance boost from your coffee while expending the least amount of time and effort. If at the end of the day, our goal is to reduce decisions and distractions, then getting too caught up in the preparation of your coffee seems counterproductive.

    So here's what you'll need:

    Coffee - To minimize changes to your routine at this point, simply start off by making (or buying) your coffee as you normally would at home or the office. I haven't noticed any declines in performance when switching between reputable brands of coffee, so I don't stress if mass market coffee (e.g. Starbucks) is the only coffee available. But in general, I do buy coffee that is as fresh as possible. When buying coffee beans, ask the staff when the beans were roasted or look for a roast date on the packaging. As with any type of food, the more recent the date the better.

    Butter - Similar to my experience with coffee, I don't notice significant performance differences between brands of butter. So just start off with what's convenient, and then try out various brands until you find what you like best. I usually use unsalted butter, but I've tried using salted butter as well and find that it actually adds some interesting flavor. If all you have in the kitchen is a stick of salted butter, just go with it and adjust later. I typically go with Kerrygold or President butter, which supposedly come from primarily grass-fed cows and are easy to find in most supermarkets. And if you're lactose intolerant like me, don't worry -- butter contains close to zero lactose so unless you are super sensitive, it is unlikely that you will encounter unpleasant side effects.

    Coconut oil - The original Bulletproof coffee recipe calls for MCT oil. MCT's, or medium chain triglycerides, are found naturally in foods and are basically fats that can metabolize quickly to provide fuel to your body. I do use MCT oil from time to time, but I prefer to use virgin coconut oil because in addition to being naturally rich in MCT's, virgin coconut oil is also rich in other healthy nutrients. Virgin coconut oil also adds subtle coconut flavor and is easier to find than MCT oil, particularly if you live in China.

    Chopstick - Use a chopstick to stir the ingredients together. A chopstick works great as a stirrer and adds additional "Shanghai flavor" into the mix. Using a blender or milk frother will give you a thicker, latte-like foam on top, but I find they aren't worth the hassle. With a blender, it is a pain in the ass to clean up and the process of transferring the coffee to and from the blender pretty much guarantees that your coffee will no longer be hot by the time you drink it. A handheld milk frother can be more efficient relative to a blender since you can use it to stir directly in your coffee cup, but you will need a very large cup to avoid spillage as the coffee swirls around. Once you have your ingredients, make Shanghai Bulletproof Coffee in four simple steps:

    Step 1 - Add butter and coconut oil to the bottom of an empty coffee mug. I typically add one tablespoon (~14 grams) of butter and one tablespoon of coconut oil per cup. If you aren't concerned with being precise, a tablespoon is roughly the size of half a golf ball. When buying butter, look for measurement markers on the packaging so that you can simply cut through the packaging to arrive at the amount of butter you need. Another easy hack to measure the amount is to buy (or take) the packaged, single-servings of butter that you often find in restaurants (they are typically 10 grams each). If this is your first time, try starting with smaller amounts and then work your way up depending on your energy needs and how your body feels.

    Step 2 - Add coffee to mug. Start off by adding however much coffee you feel like drinking and then adjust ratios accordingly based on your personal preference. Just make sure you leave enough room in the mug to be able to stir without spilling everywhere. My machine is setup to make roughly 7 oz of coffee per serving, which fills a standard coffee mug to about three-quarters full.

    Step 3 - Stir with chopstick until the butter and coconut oil dissolve. You will find that the butter and coconut oil dissolve quite easily in hot coffee so stirring should only take about 20-30 seconds max.

    Step 4 - Drink your Shanghai Bulletproof Coffee and feel awesome! Now go make yourself a cup of Shanghai Bulletproof Coffee! Often the hardest part of trying something new is taking that first step. With my streamlined version of bulletproof coffee, hopefully I've helped make it easier for you to try it and see for yourself. Our bodies are all unique so the only way you will know if something works for you is to give it a try.

    Randy Wang is an entrepreneur and biohacking enthusiast currently living in Shanghai, China. He lived in San Francisco prior to Shanghai and studied Economics and Computer Science at UC Berkeley. Follow his experiment to create the perfect lifestyle.

  • Coffee shops are a dime-a-dozen in San Francisco.

    Seriously, there are over 300 coffee shops throughout the City - that's about 6 per square mile!

    Why are there so many? SF is a global leader in the progressive, third-wave coffee movement - a movement that aims to produce high-quality coffee as an artisanal product, like craft beer or wine.

    This is great news for us, as San Franciscans love their coffee. We narrowed down our list to the best, and then the best of the best to bring you this list of coffee shops you have to visit before you die.

    Réveille Coffee/Cafe Réveille Réveille Coffee began in 2010 when brothers Thomas and Christopher Newbury began selling coffee out of a repurposed delivery truck. Six years and four locations later, Réveille serving up some of San Francisco's tastiest coffee and espresso drinks. After moving into Mission Bay just six weeks ago, Cafe Réveille is already generating tons of buzz on Yelp and social media. With bright colors combined with modest, artsy decor, Cafe Réveille is a great spot to grab coffee, breakfast/lunch or spend a little bit of time telecommuting. (Note: Cafe Réveille is also open for dinner and drinks every night.) All beans are roasted in-house, and their mocha is one of the most popular items on the menu. Réveille Coffee has other locations in Jackson Square, The Castro and North Beach. Cafe Réveille (Mission Bay) - 610 Long Bridge Street, San Francisco, CA

    Golden Bear Trading Company Right down the street from UCSF's Parnassus Medical Center is Golden Bear Trading Company. This unassuming coffee shop sells breakfast food, spirits and coffee-snob approved beverages. This small cafe is a must-go for coffee lovers in the City, and was featured on Yelp's Top 100 Places to Eat. Sam, the passionate owner of Golden Bear, has been known to say that if you don't think his coffee is the best, he'll give you another cup for free. Challenge accepted, Sam! Golden Bear Trading Company - 1401 6th Avenue, San Francisco, CA

    Andytown Coffee Roasters On quiet Lawton Street in the Outer Sunset lies Andytown Coffee Roasters, known for their Snowy Plover iced expresso drink. It's a concoction of iced espresso, sparkling water and brown sugar syrup, topped off with delicious house-made whipped cream that gives Cool Whip a run for their money. This drink is just one of the reasons for the long lines that often file out the door. (That, and the fact that Andytown packs in a coffee shop, roastery and bakery all within its 600 square foot shop!) Don't skip on the Northern Irish soda bread and scones. Added bonus: it's just a few blocks from Ocean Beach. Andytown Coffee Roasters - 3655 Lawton Street, San Francisco, CA

    Graffeo Coffee Roasting Company Founded in 1935, Graffeo Coffee Roasting Company is one of North America's oldest artisan coffee roasters. You'll find Graffeo just up the street from Washington Square Park in the heart of North Beach, San Francisco's famed Italian grotto. Graffeo isn't actually a cafe; it's a roaster. You can only buy their deliciously roasted beans or grounds. Totally worth it. Graffeo Coffee Roasting Company - 735 Columbus Avenue, San Francisco, CA

    Papa November Papa November is a coffee truck permanently at the corner of 15th Street and Kansas in San Francisco's Design District, across the street from the Design Center and Design Within Reach. While there's no seating, the coffee makes up for it. Serving Stumptown coffee, the truck rotates a selection of beans each week. They also sell homemade baked goods which change daily. What should you order at Papa November? The Claris - cold milk cream with espresso. Obviously, there's no seating at Papa November's coffee truck, so grab a cup to go on your way to the office or to get you ready for a day of furniture shopping. Papa November - 215 15th Street, San Francisco, CA

    Ritual Coffee Roasters Ritual Coffee Roasters sparked a coffee renaissance in San Francisco after opening in 2005. Based out of The Mission, Ritual has expanded to include four locations including Bayview's Flora Grubb Gardens and Napa's Oxbow Public Market. Our favorite is the outpost at Hayes Valley's PROXY - a modified shipping container that's positively hipsteriffic. Get caffeinated with their delicious Gibraltar Coffee, San Francisco's version of a Cortado, and head over to Chantal Guillon to pick up a sweet pairing. Ritual Coffee at PROXY - 432b Octavia Street, San Francisco, CA

    Philz Coffee No listicle of San Francisco coffee shops would be complete without Philz Coffee. Scratch that. San Francisco wouldn't be complete without Philz! Phil Jaber was the owner of a mini supermarket in The Mission District and wanted to leave behind a greater legacy for his son, Jacob. In his quest to create the perfect coffee, it took seven years to get his first coffee blend, Tesoro, just right. Philz is a San Francisco staple with 14 locations in the City and 15 others throughout the Bay Area. (Philz has also expanded to Los Angeles, and he has his eyes set on Washington, DC - we'd say he's going to leave behind a great legacy.) The Mint Mojito Iced Coffee is one of the most popular items, along with the Mocha Tesora - but you really cannot go wrong with anything here. Philz Coffee - 3101 24th Street, San Francisco, CA

    Home This trendy, modern coffee shop located just off of 19th Avenue & Noriega is known for its communal tables, comfortable environment and eclectic espresso creations. Popular with students and a hipster crown, the menu is written on giant pieces of paper on the wall. What should you order at Home? No doubt: the lavender latte. If lavender's not your thing (or you're afraid your coffee will taste like soap - a valid concern, even though it's capital-D Delicious), try the sea salt caramel and coconut vanilla coffee. Home - 1222 Noriega Street, San Francisco, CA

    The Mill The Mill is the love child of Four Barrel Coffee and Josey Baker Bread on the buzzing Divisadero Street corridor between NoPa and Alamo Square. The Mill serves up delicious, velvety espresso drinks, coffees, artisanal toasts and granola (change seasonally and feature weekly specials) baked by Josey Baker Bread, pastries from Neighbor Bakehouse, cookies from Anthony's and donuts from Dynamo Donuts. If your taste buds haven't already exploded while dreaming about the goodness that is The Mill, prepare for it: The Mill has Pizza Night every Monday from 6:00-9:00PM and a Grilled Cheese & Soup Night on Wednesdays, 6:00-9:00PM. Seriously, is this place heaven-in-SF? Yes, yes it is. We recommend ordering an espresso drink with a Pistachio Blackberry Croissant. The Mill - 736 Divisadero Street, San Francisco, CA

    Blue Bottle Coffee Another Bay Area original (Oakland, to be precise), you can never go wrong at Blue Bottle Coffee. With unique locations around the world (Blue Bottle recently opened shop in Tokyo), coffee lovers everywhere flock to Blue Bottle for delicious, handcrafted beverages - especially their famous iced coffee drinks: the chicory-flavored New Orleans Iced Coffee and creamy Vietnamese Iced Coffee. Our favorite Blue Bottle outpost is without a doubt the semi-hidden Linden Alley shop in Hayes Valley which operates out of a garage, and surrounded by graffiti art. A perfect pit stop before or after a day of shopping Hayes Valley's many boutiques. Blue Bottle Coffee - 315 Linden Street, San Francisco, CA

    Fog Lifter Cafe Fog Lifter Cafe is a small, quaint coffee shop located in the heart of Ingleside. This unpretentious hangout - popular with neighborhood residents and SFSU and CCSF students - serves delicious coffee roasted by Blue Bottle and Sightglass, as well as smoothies, pastries, breakfast scrambles, panini sandwiches and more. This shop specializes in pour-over coffee. Fog Lifter Cafe - 1901 Ocean Avenue, San Francisco, CA

    Trouble Coffee Company Trouble Coffee Co. is the little coffee shop that could. With its original location based out of a tiny shop in the far reaches of the Outer Sunset, Trouble Coffee sparked San Francisco's artisanal toast craze with $4.00 cinnamon-sugar toast on thick bread. (Hey, the name just started to make sense to us - because you'll be in trouble with their bread - calorie-wise, and possibly financially, too.) Founded by Giulietta Carrelli, Trouble has expanded its little coffeehouse's (and coconut club) reach with two new locations in Bayview and Oakland - along with its toast offerings. Trouble Coffee Co. & Coconut Club - 4033 Judah Street, San Francisco, CA

    Saint Frank Coffee This hipster-chic cafe is located on upper Polk Street in Russian Hill. With soaring ceilings, abundant natural lighting, clean lines and minimalistic, white and oak interior, Saint Frank will make you feel like you've been transported to Copenhagen. As you might have guessed, Saint Frank is named after our beloved City. The menu is small, and the coffee is on the lighter side (in true Scandinavian form). Our favorite creation at Saint Frank is the Almond Macadamia Latte. Saint Frank Coffee - 2340 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA

    Piccino Coffee Bar Piccino is a modern Italian trattoria with an adorable connecting coffee bar. This tiny coffee bar serves Sightless coffee, oven-hot stick buns and other homemade pastries that are certain to delight. Open until 10:00PM, it's the perfect stop after dinner in the Dogpatch for a cappuccino. While the coffee bar does not have seating, you can find a bench in the pleasant Woods Yard Park across the street. Piccino Coffee Bar - 807 22nd Street, San Francisco, CA

    Coffee Bar Located between the Mission District and Potrero Hill is Coffee Bar, one of our favorite spots in San Francisco. This cozy, but modern coffeehouse features a split-level shop with sidewalk and courtyard seating, and serves coffee and espresso drinks sourced from Mr. Espresso. This unique spot offers breakfast and lunch items, including sandwiches, salads and, of course, sweets.

  • What is a Dog Park?

    A dog park is a location set aside for dogs to exercise and play in a controlled environment under the watchful eye of their owners. It is a safe setting for both dogs and humans to interact with each other and to possibly learn more about other breeds and their behaviors. It is a great opportunity for owners to play with their pets where they otherwise might not be able to do so-such as in cities or areas with little to no yards.

    Getting Started:

    The best way to start is to talk to people who are already walking their dogs. Don't be afraid to ask for support from your neighborhood, you'd be surprised at how many dog owners would love the opportunity to be involved. The best way to get the word out is clever marketing.

    Many groups decide to incorporate as non-profits, where they have formal meetings and elect officers. This helps to have a strong group of individuals who are passionate about their dogs and can ban together to overcome any objections. Also, find a city official(s) who will support the dog park concept. Having a city official who is a dog person will help pave the way for you.

    Be prepared for objections. There is always going to be someone out there who will disagree with you, spell out proposed rules for users before a park is even established and discuss your plan of action.

    Funding: Deciding early how funds will be raised makes the process easier. Funds can either be acquired through your local government or by private contributors. You can raise the funds by asking for donations from pet groomers or stores, and animal clinics. You can also have fundraisers such as dog washes or treat bake sales.

    Choosing the Location:

    Your new group will need to find the perfect spot for the dog park. Most small dog parks are no bigger than one acre. Make sure you choose a location that the masses can access. This will ensure that the park will be a hit and have a better chance of being passed by your local Parks and Recreation Department.

    Once you have selected a site, it helps to let the community know of your plans, just in case it may interfere with the plans of other organizations. Post flyers at veterinary offices, groomers, pet stores, grocery stores, etc. See if your local newspaper or radio station would be interested in doing a small story about your proposed idea. Once enough interest has been gained, you should submit a letter and any signed petitions to your local Parks and Recreation Departments.

    You'll need to make sure that you have a clear outline about the need for a dog park and proposed plan. Focus on how the dog park would be a benefit to your community as a whole, not just for the dogs. The parks department will then be able to decide if the area you have chosen is available for use or if there is another area to consider.

    Here are a few things to consider when finding the perfect location:

    Shade: Pick an area with trees that provide natural shade for both dogs and owners. Water Lines; Dogs and their owners will need to keep hydrated. Due to the noise, stay away from the schools or playgrounds. Benefits and Rules:

    Dog parks are a fantastic way for community members of all ages to interact with each other. With low start-up and maintenance costs, dog parks offer a great return on investment since park users are often voting adults. Dog parks offer outdoor exercise for most park users-which can help battle against obesity. You might face the opposition asking why valuable park space should be set aside for dogs. The answer: Dog parks are not just for the pets. The people who bring their pets use the space just as much as the animals. It also gives people who can't handle a dog full-time the chance to interact with dogs.

    To ensure the safety of everyone involved, here are a few basics to consider:

    Dogs must remain on a leash to and from the parking lot. All dogs must have their vaccinations. Recommend that dogs be spayed or neutered. Dogs should be licensed. Dogs should be accompanied by their owner or a dog walker. Owners should dispose of their dog's feces in appropriate waste stations. Establish decent park hours. Dogs showing any signs of aggressions must be leashed and immediately removed from the park. Perk:

    Promotes responsible dog ownership. Plenty of exercise for your canine, which leads to a healthier and happier dog. Socialization. A public open space can help with compliance of city regulations. To Leash or Not:

    When starting a dog park it's important to consider the differences between an on-leash dog park and an off-leash dog park. Below are the pros and cons for an off-leash dog park.


    Provides a community setting in which owners observe the interaction of groups of dogs at play. Dogs and owners can spend time together while allowing the dog to satisfy its craving to play and companionship. Allows dogs to get plenty of exercise that would normally be restricted by a leash. Dog owners can learn about other dogs and training. Other public parks will be free of dogs off-leash. A leash can cause a dog to become territorial. Cons:

    Some dogs may be intimidated by large groups of dogs. There is the potential for dogs to fight. There is the potential for dogs to bite adults or children. Some owners don't control their dogs. If dogs aren't properly vaccinated there is a potential for the spread of diseases. REMEMBER: As with any social environment there will be dogs that aren't used to having playmates. Dog owners must watch their dogs carefully from a safe distance so that they can intervene if a dog becomes violent towards another dog or human. Having separate areas for small dogs and puppies is great if it is possible. It means that puppies, that are up to date on vaccines, can start in the small pen and graduate to the large pen with the bigger dogs.


    Once the site has been chosen and construction is about to begin, there are certain things that every dog park should include:

    A 4'-6' fence with double-gated entry and exit Nearby parking Water fountains for both dogs and owners Seating (i.e. picnic tables or benches) Shaded areas Pet Waste Stations Trash Receptacles These are just the basics. Feel free to be creative by adding swimming ponds, agility equipment or separate walking trails. Your goal is to have an area that is inviting for both dogs and their owners. Place benches both inside and outside the fence line of the park. This allows those passing by to sit and watch the playful pooches.

    Having a small and large dog park does mean an extra fence line, but it does not mean double amenities. Placing the drinking fountain outside the fenced areas means only purchasing one set. It also allows dogs to hydrate without being distracted by other dogs. You MUST make sure there are enough pet stations scattered around the park if you expect owners to clean up after their 4-legged companions.

    Park Maintenance:

    You'll want to immediately organize a dog park council or group to help maintain and monitor the park. Since city funds can be scarce, most parks will need volunteer help to stay open. Assign a contact person for the city in case there are issues or other concerns from neighbors or members of the community. This council will also be responsible for issuing rules for the park, cleaning up after park hours, mowing, fixing fences, disposal of pet waste, etc.

    You'll also be responsible for setting up meetings with your city officials to discuss the success of the park and what may need to be improved. Planning clean-up parties is a fun way to get many individuals involved to help keep the park clean and safe.

    Providing self-serving pet waste stations is a great way to keep maintenance costs down. It puts the responsibility in the park users hands. It is a good idea to place multiple trash receptacles throughout the dog park. This will ensure that owners will clean up after their pet. Make sure the area has the proper signage to direct users with the rules and expectations of the dog park.

    Is There Any Value?

    Most parks take two (2) to three (3) years of planning and resilient efforts before there can be a ribbon cutting ceremony. After reading this, you're probably asking yourself is it really worth the effort? The answer is "YES"!

    Dogs need a lot of exercise and a dog park is the perfect place to let them run and play. It's also a great place for community members to relax, socialize, and know that their dog is safe and secure. In case you didn't realize, a dog park is the perfect place for you to meet new people and make new friends. It's also a chance for community members to learn more about different breeds and how they interact with dogs and humans. Dog parks provide a place for soon-to-be dog owners to better understand what breed is going to be a good fit for them before they get hooked on those 'puppy dog eyes'.

    Once the dog park is open your community will wonder how they ever survived without one! Community members of all ages will appreciate the events that can be organized-doggie birthday parties and puppy play dates! So go ahead and get started forming a committee today, you and your dog will be happy that you did!

  • Hydroponics is highly productive; it is a method that conserves water and land. It is also safe for the environment. Hydroponics is high tech, but requires only basic agricultural skills to begin with. It is important to regulate air and root temperatures, among other factors like light, water, plant nutrition and extreme climates. For this reason, hydroponics systems must often operate in temperature-controlled environments like greenhouses.

    Hydroponics is a form of soilless culture where plants are grown in nutrient solutions, with or without the use of an artificial medium. Hydroponics is highly productive; it is a method that conserves water and land. It is also safe for the environment. Hydroponics gardening is high tech, but requires only basic agricultural skills to begin with. It is important to regulate air and root temperatures, among other factors like light, water, plant nutrition and extreme climates. For this reason, hydroponics systems must often operate in temperature-controlled environments like greenhouses. It is very important to pay proper attention to the greenhouse conditions else hydroponics will stop being cost-effective for you.

    In liquid hydroponics systems, there is no supporting medium for the plant roots. This is also known as solution culture; the three main types of solution culture are solution culture, continuous flow solution culture and aeroponics.

    In the former, plants are grown in containers of hydroponic nutrient solution. They are typically home-level applications where hydroponics systems function in glass jars, plastic buckets, tubs and tanks. The solution is sometimes gently aerated but can also be unaerated, in which case the solution level is low enough so that some part of the roots get access to regular oxygen supply. The nutrient solution is changed as per a predetermined schedule, mostly once a week.

    The continuous flow solution culture is orchestrated differently, with the hydroponic nutrient solution flowing past the roots. A popular version of this culture is the nutrient film technique; here, a very shallow stream of water containing all the dissolved nutrients needed for plant growth is circulated past the roots of plants. The hydroponic nutrient solution travels in the lower half of the roots, which forms a watertight root mat, while the upper sections of the roots are exposed to air and get a good supply of oxygen.

    Aggregate hydroponics systems, however, have a solid natural or artificial medium of support. Hydroponics systems can also be open? Where the nutrient solution is delivered to the plant roots and not reused, or closed, where the surplus solution can be recovered, replenished and recycled.

    Every crop has very specific requirements and like in another other method of agriculture, hydroponics must pay attention to the unique needs of each crop. Hydroponics systems are rapidly evolving today and yields are increasing manifold, touching heights we had never envisaged. Hydroponics is possible in places where natural agriculture isn't, including deserts and space stations. People living in densely-populated places can grow their own fresh vegetables in rooftop gardens or windows using hydroponics. Hydroponically grown plants also grow faster and are relatively free of soil-borne diseases.

  • The keystone of proper speaking and writing is correct English grammar. Whether or not English is your native or second language, you can gain a lot from small exercises to enhance your grammar and be more successful in communicating with other people. Here are tips for you to improve your grammar in the English language.

    Read books or materials that are well-written in English. You can try the classics as these employ good English. You can go to the library or ask a clerk from the bookstore to guide you in the books you need. You will then know what the new English words are and how they are used in sentences. You will also be entertained with what you are reading.

    Read or listen to the news such as those on TV, radio, newspaper and the internet. You will be trained to recognize correct English grammar and meanwhile be updated with the latest happenings around the world. When you read newspapers, you will be given the chance to watch out for grammatical errors and see how writers articulate their thoughts in words.

    Check out magazines that are well-written. Most of the writers know the fundamentals of good English and can express their ideas correctly. You shall know examples of basic grammar and learn a lot of new things. Go for magazines that are intended for educated readers.

    Be around educated people who communicate well in English such as your relatives, friends, officemates and acquaintances. Listen to them when then talk in English and see how they enunciate their words and phrases. They may not be perfect in the said language but when you are with them, you will train your ear in hearing correct grammar.

    Go over style guides and writing manuals that are reputable. There are many books you may read for such a purpose. These are available in a book store near you or in your local library. Check out grammar books that have exercises and quizzes for you to answer. Read the lessons there and then do the quizzes and tests. You should practice often so as to be better in both oral and written English.

    Go online and key in the words, "English grammar" in your favorite search engine. You will see plenty of websites that shall help you in learning correct usage of grammar. You can also try online tutorials which will teach you grammar lessons and let you do interactive activities to test your grammar. There are also online schools with the purpose of teaching English.

    Enroll in an English class. Check out the local community college in your area and take English remedial classes being offered. Such a class will make you go over grammar points. Make sure to enroll in the class which fits your schedule so that you can really concentrate on it. If you have difficulty in comprehending concepts of the English grammar, do not be afraid to ask your teacher to help you.

    With these tips, you will know correct English grammar and be able to communicate effectively in English.

    Timur Karipov is an expert when it comes to Book Search Technology. To find out everything about Free Online Books,

  • A preposition usually connects - comes between - two words or phrases. The written word or phrase before or to the left of the preposition is, or contains, 1) a (PRO)noun, 2) a verb, or 3) an adjective: 1) a book of poems; a pain in the neck 2) she talked about quitting; we all voted against his proposal 3) they're ready for action; she's really good at math.

    Right after the preposition, to the right of it in writing, there is a word or phrase that is the preposition's object, or complement. This complement is 4) a noun (phrase), 5) a gerund (phrase), or 6) a how or wh- phrase: 4) a glass of water; a letter from my sister 5) they were fired for fighting on the job; the director gave a talk on cutting costs 6) the cops asked questions about how the fight started; I'm interested in what you think of the idea [A preposition cannot have as complement/object the subjective form of a personal pronoun, a to- infinitive clause, or a that finite clause. So utterances such as I looked at she, We're surprised for to see you, and They're mad about that you did that are all unacceptable English.]

    Thus a prepositional phrase - a preposition followed by its complement/object - can be used to complete the meaning of a noun, a verb, or an adjective, and the prepositional complement/object - what follows the preposition and completes the meaning - can be a noun, a gerund, or a how or wh- phrase. Below are examples of the nine syntax patterns that are possible:

    I noun + preposition + noun: a trip to the store II noun + preposition + gerund: a manual on dieting III noun + preposition + how/wh-: an explanation of how to clear a plugged sink IV verb + preposition + noun: she laughed at me V verb + preposition + gerund: they're thinking about leaving VI verb + preposition + how/wh-: we knew from what we'd heard that.... VII adjective + preposition + noun: fit for service VIII adjective + preposition + gerund: excited about getting the offer IX adjective + preposition + wh-/how: surprised at what she said

    Stranded Prepositions

    A preposition remains alone at the end of its clause when:

    1) the prepositional complement replaces anticipatory IT as grammatical subject

    It's fun to work with her. She's fun to work with.

    2) the prepositional complement becomes the subject of a passive construction

    We've paid for the room. The room's been paid for.

    3) the prepositional complement has how or a wh- word as its first word

    Where are you from? I'm from Ontario.

    4) the prepositional complement is a relative pronoun that is not the clause subject

    There's the house [that] I'm talking about.

    Independent English Prepositional phrases

    A prepositional phrase can stand alone, not grammatically connected to the language it modifies, and it can be like an incidental comment on a whole sentence or even a paragraph. The utterance that such a prepositional phrase modifies is always grammatically complete without the prepositional phrase:

    By the way - you still owe me fifty euros. On the other hand, she may be right. In the long run, we'll be better off, because.... (Grammarians call phrases like these adverbial disjuncts.)

    There may be at least hundreds of such prepositional phrases in the English language and a lot of them, like the three italicized above, are idioms - phrases that pose problems of semantics because they have to be learned and memorized as a unit. The sharper ESL students may have questions about them.

    This paper gives a grammatical description - it names the three different permissible parts of speech - of the word that an English preposition can modify. And it describes the three different parts of speech that can occur in that modification (in the prepositional phrase). It also names three fairly common mistakes made by ESL students who are studying prepositions. In short, it describes the linguistic context where a preposition does (or should not) occur.

    For more help with English grammar, syntax,or semantics

  • Wondering if you should invest in Bitcoin? If you've been around any kid of financial news lately, you've no doubt heard about the meteoric rise in the world's most well-known cryptocurrency. And if you're like a lot of people right about now, you're probably wondering, "Bitcoin - yes or no?" Should you invest? Is it a good option? And what the heck is Bitcoin anyway? Well here's a few things you should know about Bitcoin before you invest. Also note that this article is for information purposes only and should not be taken as any kind of financial advice. What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin is known as a cryptocurrency or a digital currency. It's basically online money. Like any currency you can exchange it for other currencies (like say, buy bitcoins with US dollars or vice versa) and it fluctuates in relation to other currencies as well. Unlike other currencies however it is decentralized, meaning there isn't any one central bank, country or government in charge of it. And that means it's not as susceptible to government or central bank mismanagement. Pros of Bitcoin #1 Easy To Send Money Because it's decentralized, this also means that you can send a friend Bitcoin (money) on the other side of the world in seconds without having to go through a bank intermediary (and pay the banking fees). This fact alone makes Bitcoin very popular. Instead of waiting for a wire transfer which can take days, you can send your payment in seconds or minutes. #2 Limited Supply There are only 21 million Bitcoins that will ever be mined. This limits the amount of Bitcoin that can ever be produced. This is like saying a government cannot print money because there is a limited supply of bills - and they won't print anymore. When there is a set supply your purchasing power is preserved and the currency is immune to runaway inflation. This limited supply has also helped to contribute to the rise in the price of Bitcoin. People don't want a currency that can be printed - or inflated - into infinity at the whim of a greedy government. #3 Private Most people think that Bitcoin is completely anonymous. But actually it's not anonymous - it's more private. All Bitcoin transactions ever made can be seen on the Blockchain - the public Bitcoin ledger. But your name and identifying details behind the transaction are not seen. Each transaction is linked to an address - a string of text and characters. So while people might see your address - there is no way to link that address to you. A lot of people who don't like their banks spying on them (or telling them how much of their own money that they can or can't move), really like this privacy feature. #4 Cheaper to Transact Many businesses have to take Visa or MasterCard these days to stay competitive. However these cards take some rather substantial fees out of each sales transaction. But a merchant who accepts Bitcoin doesn't pay these hefty fees - so it puts more money in their pockets. So those are some of the main pros of Bitcoins. What about the cons? Cons of Bitcoin #1 Risky - Price Fluctuations Bitcoin is famous for rising slowly over months - and then falling 20 - 50% over a couple of days. Because it's being traded 24 hours a day 7 days a week, the price is always fluctuating. And all it takes it some bad news - like the news of the Mt Gox hack a few years ago - to send the price tumbling down. So basically it's not stable - and there are a lot of unknowns out there that can affect the price. The rule here is this: don't put any money into Bitcoin that you can't afford to lose. #2 Slowing Transaction Speeds Bitcoin is starting to run into problems with slower transaction speeds and higher transaction fees. Other cryptocurrencies have come along that are faster and cheaper. The Bitcoin miners are working on the problem. However until these issues are resolved, you can expect the price to be extremely volatile. #3 Bitcoin Transactions Not Reversible Unlike a credit card charge, Bitcoin transactions are not reversible. So if you send Bitcoin to the wrong address - you can't get it back. Also, there are a lot of tales from people who have lost their Bitcoin wallet address (through hacking, phones being stolen, virus-infected computers, etc.) and they've completely lost their coins. There's no way to get them back. For this reason, you really need to know what you're doing and take the time to research how to buy and store your coins properly if you want to invest in Bitcoins - or any other cryptocurrency. So those are some of the things to consider before investing in Bitcoin. Basically while Bitcoin has a lot of great things going for it - and while it has the potential to change financial transactions as we know it - there is still a lot of risk. There are a lot of unknowns out there still. If you do decide to buy, take your time and research your options. Don't buy from just any seller. Some of them are trustworthy and run a great business. But there are others that will overcharge you and may not even deliver your coins. Be safe and do your research first. Find a trusted seller with a stellar reputation - there are quite a few of them out there. And remember the golden rule here - never invest more than you can afford to lose. Article Source:

  • When you search online, you will see thousands of store, offering a different type of products to meet our necessities. Here we will discuss 8 cheapest online shopping sites in USA where you will see products at a very reasonable price. 1- Lemon This website is the best shopping site which provides dropshipping and wholesale shopping. They mainly offer men and women's wear. They offer a wide range of men and women wear where you can select according to your choice. 2- Boohoo This website provides a wide range of the best women's wear. It offers both wholesale and dropshipping. One can buy according to one's comfort. 3- Lowe's Lowe is the best cheapest online shopping site in USA for construction material including garden and home equipment, furniture and different tools. It is one of the best online stores which provides the home improvement equipment. Known for the best quality furniture with the latest design. 4- Macy's It can provide its products to more than 200 places or locations, and it makes it attractive for the digital buyers of men, women and children wear and accessories. You will see Macy's name on top when you are talking about the latest designer dress, no matter if you are looking for a party dress, nightdress, casual dress. 5- Amazon Everything is available on this platform from furniture, electronics, toys, accessories, and tools to jewellery. Amazon has achieved its status as the uncontested leader in lines of online shopping websites. It also does business in foods market, publishing, cloud computing and video streaming. Offering their services in more than 30 countries. Famous for its product quality. 6- eBay It is one of the best online market locations where people can buy and sell. It is working in more than 20 countries, and it sells cars, industrial products, business products, toys, sports products and other electronics. 7- Walmart This website provides the best products for wholesale shopping. From electronics to food, from pharmacy to fashion and from auto-parts to home equipment, one can buy anything. 8-Gosaveshop Gosaveshop is a rising cheapest online shopping sites in USA ; here, you can find everything in your daily use. No matter if you are looking for products for your home or office, for your personal use or a gift of love one. Everything is now available under an umbrella of Gosaveshop. Gosaveshop is one of the best online shopping stores not just because of the availability of thousands of products; here you will find many offers, discounts, and vouchers for everyone with free shipment in the USA.

    2-5Reasons to love Online Shopping

    Online shopping has achieved great success, especially in a pandemic situation. It is convenient and comfortable for men to buy online. They love online shopping because they are hindered by the Covid- 19 to go outside. 1- No Rows or Fear of Covid- 19 Covid-19 has changed the lifestyle around the world. But cheapest online shopping sites in USA are the best companion in such pandemic. There is no need to go outside. Many websites provide different things and products, including food, accessories, automobile and business-related items. Every person can buy and sell the products according to the budget and need. 2- All the Varieties at your Doorstep Are you searching for a good quality T-shirt or car? You should be assured that the internet has all the items you are looking for just at one click distance.

    3- 24/7 Hours Availability The people lock their stores at the articular time, and women do not have enough time to go outside because they cannot leave their children at home. But online shopping is opened 24/7. One can buy at any time from anywhere. The business inn is open around the clock and the world. 4- A quick second opinion is available You want skinny jeans or tights; there are hundreds of views with beautiful pictures. It makes women love to buy, which seems reasonable. 5- No Worries about Transportation Women love to shop online because there is no need to worry about transportation services such as buses, train and other vehicles. Sometimes women are prevented from travelling because of pregnancy or other health issues. The women love to shop online because they can buy the items without travelling in such a case.

    4-How to Store Jewelry in Best Way Online websites provide solutions to save one's jewellery safely, which will prevent the jewellery from rust and dust. If the jewellery is placed outside, it becomes dirty. Gosaveshop provides the best jewellery boxes for your beautiful jewellery. Simple Portable Jewelry Organizer and Makeup Organizer Gosaveshop offers this beautiful jewellery organizer for 16$. It is made of leather, and different sections are made for your rings and earrings in the best way. 5cm is its height. Mirrored Earring Holder This organizer is fit for storing your unique jewellery because there are some pockets in which the earrings can be kept separately. The SP-SSH29 model has many carrying cases for keeping your earrings. It is made of leather, and a mirror is attached to it so that you can see yourself with earrings in the mirror. Storage Display Case for Home Travel Girl Gift If you want to travel or want to go to a wedding, there is no need to worry about your jewellery. You can take your jewellery in a beautiful case in a safe way. This is a lovely royal box.

    Best Online Cheap Jewelry Gosaveshopprovides an extensive range of the best cheap jewelry online. From necklace to bracelets and from bangles to beautiful jewellery boxes, Gosaveshop provides the best cheap online jewellery. Fashion Romantic Double Heart Flower Pendant Necklace with Zircon Rose With only 28.14 $ to 31.30$, this beautiful necklace can decorate your neck and adds to your beauty. It is a golden/ silver necklace with Zircon rose. With less price, more beauty can be achieved by wearing it around your neck. Boho Bracelet Natural Stones Charm 5 Strands Wrap Bracelets Handmade cheap jewelry online. This beautiful bracelet is just for 19$. This is made of natural pearls, leather and threads to beautify the wrist of your friend. It is exquisite style and 100% new. Newshe Solid 925 Sterling Silver Dangle Drop Earrings This beautiful pair of earrings is beautified with 66 stones. The total weight is 4 gram, and 0.6 is the stone weight. It is a silver colour with the beauty of gold colour around it. The colour of the stone is blue. Yellow Zircons Ring The beautiful ring is embellished with yellow Zircon. This jewellery is cheap because Gosaveshop is offering merely 40$. The weight of the stone is 1.4 carats. The colour is yellow and white. If you are looking for cheap online jewelry, this can be your selection. 26 Letter Initial Necklace The pendant necklace is beautified with crystals, and there are 26 initial letters necklaces. The size of the pendant necklace is 22mm.

    Best Foot Jewelry Feet cannot be ignored. They can be decorated with beautiful and stylish anklets. Cuban Chain Anklet Gosaveshop provides the cheap beautiful anklet just for 31$. It is made of metal, and it is suitable for beach jewellery. The style is hip hop and 20 cm in length. Bling Butterfly Charm Anklet This beautiful butterfly style anklet adds to the beauty. It is decorated with shining crystals. This hip hop anklet is 20 cm in length.

    5-CCTV Security Camera, Wonderful Offer from Gosave shop for your Surveillance

    CCTV security camera has gained an important place among the instruments of security. Gosaveshop provides a beautiful variety of CCTV security cameras, which are the town's best CCTV security cameras. Gosaveshop offers different CCTV security cameras, which are useful according to other premises and situations. 1- 8CH HD CCTV Security System This 8CH CCTV security camera can be controlled through remote control. It is a 5MP POE system with eight pieces of cameras. This is 8 channel NVR design with a built-in speaker and microphone. It is equipped with 2 way sound recording. 2- Wireless Outdoor CCTV Security Camera Smart This human detection CCTV security camera provides 1080P colour recorded video for you and the police. The video is clear. It would help if you pressed a button and the rest is left to it. It has a 32G SD card, which can save recordings of 4 days before going to loop.

    Perfect Hidden cameras with Wifi, a blessing by Gosaveshop Gosaveshop presents a wide range of hidden cameras with Wifi. They are available in different invisible designs. 1- Micro HD 1080P Hidden Camera This micro camera can be easily hidden behind beautiful decorations. It has the smallest camera screen, which is It is equipped with 5*8MM night visions which can record during night time without a flashlight. It can change its mode according to the environment. 2- Hidden Mini Invisible Wireless Bulb Camera It is invisible because it is designed in the shape of a bulb. It has a 960 HD viewing capacity. With a 360-degree ultra-wide-angle lens, it provides a clear image during night time.

    A revolutionized range in Networking & Wireless Security Cameras Wireless Security Camera CCTV 1- 1080P HD Wireless Camera This is a smart wireless camera with a delicate shape design. It has high first quality because it uses good quality photosensitive film, making the processing power and performing highly. It is equipped with high definition lenses, which make the images very visible. 2- Audio Wireless Home Security Camera Gosaveshop provides a wireless home security camera that has the ability of human detection. It is equipped with cloud storage. It has two- way audio feature, which is provided through internal microphones. Cloud supports 128 GB, and it supports 2.4G Wifi. Best GosaveshopWireless Router 1- Solt Portable Wireless Router This router is supported with 3G and 4G SD cards. For 300 to 500 M, it can work. The Wifi frequency is 2.4G. 300Mbps is the transmission rate that enhances its working. For best performance, it needs 4G. 2- CPE Wireless Router This KuWFi CPE wireless router has a capacity of providing 300Mbps wireless transmission. It has a 4G speed which is more than 150 Mbps, with 3,000 square meters. This can be provided and shared with more than 32 Wifi users. There is no long process of setting up. Instead, a sim card can provide high-quality Wifi. This portable 4G LTE router has a 10 to 30 M tranensmission range.

    6-What are the Best Wireless Security Cameras? Security Cameras can be beneficial in identifying robbers. Cctv Security cameras do not catch and arrest the thieves, but they can help recognize the faces and their looting method. It provides many clues to detect burgle. In the modern age, wireless security cameras have achieved great success because of their importance, which has succeeded in investigative procedures. In the absence of such modern and helpful technology, burglars may break-in your household and can go without showing their identity and clues. Best CCTV Security Cameras The state-of-the-art wireless security cameras have all the characteristics of a smart home practical with an innovative camera technology that assists in watching one'sone's house. There are essential features in the best wireless security camera, including night vision technology, pan, tilt, and zoom feature. The best wireless security camera can be organized through a mobile tactic. There are some of the best wireless security cameras. Wireless Cameras At cheapest online shopping site in USA Gosaveshop Gosaveshop provides the platform to find the best wireless cctv security cameras. It is the chance to find the best security camera according to one'sone's needs and requirements. It provides a wide range of wireless security cameras. 1-Outdoor WIFI Camera 1080P 8W Solar Panel This camera is beneficial for household use. It can be run for several days if it is charged for one day by sunshine. The batteries are six pieces and with 18650 built-in batteries. It has 8W solar panels with smart standby mode. It is not very expensive. 2-1080P HD wifi cctv Security Camera H.265 PIR Human Detect It is a wireless camera. There is no need to install any wire. IP battery is placed, which can be placed anywhere according to one'sone's convenience. This battery is connected with 2.4 GHz wifi. It provides a distant view from anywhere. There is no need to worry about switching on and off. 3- Waterproof Wireless CCTV Security Camera 3G 4G SIM Card Slot It is the best security camera, which is very good for outdoor use. It is waterproof. The shape of the camera is smart and delicate, which makes it beautiful. The process quality is also excellent. The high-definition photosensitive film performs its duty very smartly because it provides a clear image of the people. 4- Doorbell Camera Visual Intercom Wireless Home Security Camera When someone presses the doorbell button, your phone obtains an immediate notice. One can open the door through his or her phone through the Aiwit app, and one can communicate directly through the phone. It provides a clear night vision. You have to switch to night mode on App; the light sensors on the doorbell begin to do your work by keeping an eye outside. 5- Home Security WIFI Camera With Night Vision 1080P HD It is equipped with high- technology audio and visual technology, which provides clear sounds and images. The house is under continuous surveillance because it has consistent detection quality.

  • alex jacob about 1 month ago

    Completion of an MBA program ensures realistic future benefits for the student and the organization. This explains why completing an MBA dissertation is critical to graduating from your MBA course. People seeking an MBA degree has been on the rise for the past few years. The graduates of MBA and PhD programs who had completed MBA and PhD dissertations are the cream of the crop and are likely to occupy top management positions in their respective employment. We are living in a highly competitive business world and people who win are those who usually completed their MBA dissertations. Business operations and workplaces are changing. Employees know that the positive respond to a changing pace of technology and business operation is only the pursuit of higher education to obtain an impressive resume and experience in research and data analysis.

    Completing your MBA dissertation will be time consuming, but worth the effort spent. MBA dissertations differ from an MBA thesis. Here are some how to tips and helpful information to completing your MBA dissertations:

    Other MBA dissertation writing tips include asking questions to your assigned faculty help. Your assigned faculty has all the experience and knowledge to answer your questions and help you complete your paper. Take advantage of the opportunity for a personal coaching as much as possible. The dissertation is an individual academic paper project design to test your thorough understanding of the topic as well as show some acquired research techniques with a range of course materials and subjects. Universities usually assign a faculty supervisor for each student to guide and help them complete the dissertation. Good MBA dissertation writing tips should include how it is crucial to seek their help to be able to write and follow university's required format including laying out paper structure. Educators chosen to guide you have the necessary technical skill, knowledge, and experience of the field of study you have chosen. These qualifications make them an authority of that particular field of study to which they are capable of providing valuable insight.

    MBA dissertation writing tips include showing your knowledge of the research process. Research is a well-earned skill gained through constant reading and performing research. The panel reviewing your MBA dissertation would want to know about your understanding of the research topic from the content that you have written. You derived your analysis and conclusions from your content. You demonstrate powerful research techniques from the quality of your content. Any individual competing in a business setting needs solid research skills. Your techniques and methods of research are the heart of any MBA dissertation. Content is everything and they came from research. Illustrate being an expert researcher. You have higher chance for success if you methodically show research competence.

    Select reliable editing companies that will help you perform intensive research. The dissertation topic usually focuses on business operations and analysis. Your research and dissertation topic relate with the business conditions in the real world. More MBA dissertation writing tips include how it is important that you learn how to make your general outline, follow the guidelines, analyze your research materials, and select the topic that you are confident you can complete. The strength of your recommendations, conclusions, and analysis largely depend on the information that you have gathered. It is critical that you choose a business topic that you are capable of completing.

    Preparing and completing an MBA dissertation takes a lot of your time. Some students consider it long and difficult. However, we have a team of writers that can help you with your MBA dissertation difficulties. Please send us your requirements and we will reply with a free quote.

    Hire professional and affordable dissertation editing services

  • Even though more and more adults seem to be using (or perhaps being a bit more open about their use of) sex toys, not everyone has the same comfort level with these items. And even with greater acceptance of sex toys, the sex doll continues to have a certain reputation that prevents many from acknowledging their interest in this option. However, when used with proper attention to penis care, a sex doll can become a welcome addition to a man's masturbatory routines.


    For years, the sex doll was seen as something that only desperate men used, but the fact is that many men with a healthy sex life enjoy making use of a doll as well. Sales of these dolls have risen steadily in recent years, and advances in manufacturing and technology have created a whole line of lifelike and expensive dolls.

    Many men prefer to use a doll rather than simply masturbate with their hand because of its similarity to actual intercourse. And many men also believe that because of its resemblance to intercourse, it enables them improve penis health and work on issues, such as premature ejaculation, or to enhance their technique when they are in bed with a partner.

    This article will focus on the more traditional (and less expensive, and therefore more readily available) blow-up sex doll. But it's important to acknowledge that many options do exist in this area.


    The following tips are suggested for men interested in exploring a sex doll option.

    • Use lubricant. Although the dolls are designed for penetrative exploration, there can still be significant friction. Using an appropriate form of lubrication will protect the penis from wear and tear.

    • Try a pump. Blowing up a full-size doll can take a lot of lung power. Using an electric pump is a much better idea.

    • Clean it thoroughly. Be sure to thoroughly clean all parts of the doll after use, especially the areas of penetration. A doll should come with instructions on the best way to maintain its cleanliness, and it is important that a man follow these instructions.

    • Avoid a trial run. Some guys have friends who use a sex doll and may be tempted to ask if they can try it out for themselves. In general, it's best to avoid this. Not everyone is as scrupulous about cleaning up after themselves as they should be. If a man does use another's doll, he should wear a condom - just in case the owner has left traces of himself behind.

    • Be aware of noise. Some dolls can be surprisingly squeaky. If a man wishes to keep his activities clandestine, he may want to refrain from utilizing a doll except when he is sure he is alone.

    • Consider storage. When deflated, most dolls do not take a great deal of space, but it may not fit easily into a small space, either. Some men feel uncomfortable with other people knowing they use a doll; such men are advised to consider where they can store the doll when not in use.

    A doll, like many other sex toys, can open up new worlds of masturbatory fun for a man - which may in turn lead him to overdo things, resulting in a sore penis. If this happens, regularly using a first rate penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) can ease the soreness and help restore the penis to health. It's best to select a crème that includes powerful but natural moisturizing ingredients, such as Shea butter and vitamin E. This will keep the skin supple and hasten healing. The crème must also contain a potent antioxidant, such as alpha lipoic acid. This can combat the free radicals which cause oxidative stress; these free radicals not only age the skin but interfere with its ability to heal.

  • alex jacob about 1 month ago

    When purchasing your new luggage bag, there are various factors that you need to take into consideration, it's not just about the size, the capacity, the number of wheels, or TSA regulations. You also need to choose what your luggage bag will look like. You need to decide whether to choose a soft-side or hard-side luggage bag. You need to choose what luggage bag will best suit your travel requirements.

    Soft-Side Bags

    Obviously, soft sided suitcases provide huge flexibility. The tops aren't rigid so it is easier to squeeze them into tight spaces like crowded airplane overhead bins even if you have over packed a little. To add to their flexibility, a majority of these types of luggage bags are capable of expanding to allow for even more packing capacity. Their flexibility makes them durable in a different way compared to their hard-side counterparts. These luggage bags won't give in to pressure from being tossed onto luggage conveyor belts or the occasional baggage handler getting rough with it, because it can withstand many of the bumps and bruises from travel. These bags also come well protected with skid guards and corner guards. The inside of these bags have pockets or special dividers to store the items that you may need to pack to accommodate your travel needs. Lastly, these bags also tend to be lightweight because of the fabric used to construct these bags like nylon, polyester etc. These materials are considerably lighter than the plastic needed to build a hard-side bag. With saying this, it does depend on the structure of the suitcase. The variables depend on the frame, hardware, and the accessories that are included in this particular kind of luggage bag.

    Advantages of Soft Side Luggage

    Flexible, easy to maneuver and lightweight. Can be lighter both empty and full and a majority of the luggage bags are easily expandable compared to the hard side luggage bags. Easier to store in overhead compartments in airplanes, cars, trains and buses because of the flexibility provided and is able to change itself to irregular shapes spaces. Disadvantages to Soft Sided Luggage

    They are less water/moisture resistant than the hardsided bags. These bags will stand up to a bit of rain. The contents of the bag will be slightly damp or worse if they are in contact with any significant amount of water.

    Valuables or breakable items are not as well protected in a softside bag due to their flexibility and the fact that you can squeeze them into compartments easier than hardside luggage. Hard-Side Bags

    Hard-side luggage can be made from a variety of materials, these include ABS plastic and highly durable polycarbonates. In numerous ways, their features are no different than the soft-side bags - fairly light weight, durable, designed for simple organization. One reason travellers purchase hard side luggage is to enhance their individual and personal preference. They can be more visually exciting than the standard black rollaboard models. Hard side luggage bags are available in a variety of colours and are available in flashy printed patterns, solid colours and even textured patterns. Their surfaces can come in a gloss or matte finish. Some hard side bags really stand out, which can determine a travellers personality and also makes it a lot easier at baggage claim. Unfortunately, the hard side luggage is more apt to get scratches, blemishes and more structural damage from rough baggage handlers and normal wear and tear of pushing them into overhead compartment bins. Your belongings are more protected in a hard side suitcase as they don't flex as much.

    Advantages of Hard Side Luggage

    Rigid shell that's created generally from aluminum, ABS plastic or polycarbonate which is one of the main reasons most travellers will choose it.

    More durable. They are not likely to break, tear or otherwise come apart. The added durability and strength comes with the disadvantage of additional weight, but with the modern technology of today a number of lightweight luggage bags are offered, providing a larger weight allowance for packing.

    Hard side luggage also wins over soft sided luggage when it comes to the protection of valuable items and water/moisture resistance. There are many models that are waterproof to everything but being submerged or dunked in water. Disadvantages of Hard Side Luggage

    There are less choices for expandable hard side luggage but there are some luggage bags that do have that option.

    A rigid shell does not make it possible for 'squeezing' making it more difficult to pack into cars, buses and airplane overhead bins.Bumps and bruises of travelling are more obvious in a hard side luggage bag. Nothing worse than finding a dent, or even worse a hole.

    If you are thinking about purchasing affordable hard side travel luggage, it is possible that the material construction is brittle. It is advised to purchase a trustworthy brand and if available, a lengthy warranty.

    Most hard side luggage comes with a glossy finish. It looks awesome on the first trip but following that first trip, you have to prepare yourself for the noticeable scratches and dents that may occur or the glossy finish wearing off. Of course, your choice of luggage depends on your own personal preference and your travel requirements. What you choose should fit your budget, your style and the reason you are travelling, whether it be for business or pleasure. The vast variety of luggage outlets out there, whether they be online or brick and mortar, you will always find the right luggage to meet your needs.

  • At some point, your furniture might require some sort of repair to revive it. Damages are sometimes inevitable since you might not be the only person handling your furniture pieces. Situations can also arise which leave the items broken or damaged in a way requiring repairs. Repairs are more affordable compared to replacements and you should consider the services before getting rid of your furniture pieces. To get the best, however, you will need to find the right professionals to handle your repair needs.

    Conduct a local search Furniture repairs are of course best handled by professionals nearest to you. This is because they will have an easy time finding their way to where you are for on-site repairs or you will have an easier time transporting the damaged or broken items to the furniture store for repairs.

    Compare several service providers This is important in giving you confidence in the repair company or handyman you are about to hire to handle your items. The reputation and experience as well as the repair costs are some of the things you should consider when making the comparison. Settle only for services you feel you can completely trust.

    Consider the repair services offered This is important because there are handymen who offer repairs only on specific furniture and materials while others will basically handle any kind of furniture and material for that matter. The best is a service provider who can handle practically any item regardless of the material it is made of. This way, you will be taken care of even with any future repair needs that might arise.

    Get recommendations and referrals The search for the best handyman can be tricky, especially when you are limited by time to have the repairs done. You can use friends and family to direct you to the best carpenters or furniture stores from where you can enjoy the services you truly deserve fast and easy. Referrals will not only make it easier for you to make a decision but will also keep you off unreliable providers.

    Consider the repair costs They will basically be determined by the length of damage your furniture is suffering from. However, most service providers have standard charges for different kinds of repairs. Looking at the repair costs is not only important in helping you select the best services, but can also greatly help in determining whether repairing is the best way to go over replacing the item.

    If you cannot handle your furniture repairs, it is then best to hire professional repair services. Your handyman will know the best way of dealing with the issue at hand, the best tools to use in the repairs and the techniques that will achieve the desired results with the repairs. Having your furniture repaired will add life and save it from further damage that could be even costlier. It is therefore important to seek repair services as soon as there is sign of furniture damage.

    Whether you are looking for couch repairs Dubai or upholstery services, you will find a service provider you can trust with your needs by making the right considerations. You can now continue enjoying your items without having to replace them completely.

  • This is rightly named as the age of traveler-centricity and with the evolution of the new era of personalized travel; it is leading to research and development of a host of new so-called intelligent services. The command-and-control perspectives of traveling have changed a lot from the past and the focus has shifted more on the traveler and the productivity of each trip. It has become essential to maintain that the travelers have the greatest return on investment on each trip. New generations of young employees and managers, who have been growing up and dwelling in a digital age, are moving up the ranks as travelers. It has become essential to recognize the need for greater flexibility acknowledging that the employees who travel on corporate trips also consider a percentage of their trip to be a leisure outlet. With increasing globalization and rise in companies sending their staff overseas to network and connect with their offshore prospects/customers/suppliers, corporate travel is a highly profitable tourism segment. Before we talk about how tourism companies can better cater to business travelers, let us first look at why they prefer to use specialized corporate agencies over traditional agents

    Why do businesses use Corporate Travel Agencies?

    This might be the most basic question for a travel agency as to why they need to use agencies specializing in corporate travel when there are plenty of regular travel agents in the market. Here is the importance of corporate travel agencies who have online systems which allow business travelers access to their complete itinerary.

    The following information is at the fingertips of the CTAs:-

    full business itinerary details up-to-date tracking details of flights (including delays or rescheduling) transparent details about additional costs such as baggage fees or in-flight fees travel alerts, if any, in the destined area complete and up-to-date details about the visa procurement policies and identification required currency requirement and conversion rates What do corporate clients expect from Corporate Travel Agencies?

    Negotiated Fares

    The Corporate Agencies tend to have tie-ups with hotels, car rentals, flights etc. giving them access to lower fares which can be used only by the frequent business travelers. Discounted prices are not the only advantage though as they also offer flight upgrades, room upgrades, and VIP check-in lines as required.

    In-depth information about the travel industry

    Corporate travel agents have access to many travel resources and most importantly, quickly, than any other leisure travel agent. Additional information helps to make the business trips convenient and comfortable.

    Changes in Itinerary

    When an airline ticket needs to get rescheduled or cancelled, chances are the airline or the online service provider will charge lofty fees. When booking with a corporate travel agent, most of the times schedule changes can be done at zero or minimal extra charges.

    Viable emergency contacts

    It is important for the business travelers to reach the correct person at the need of trouble. Corporate travel agents have the experience and professionalism to relieve stress for both the traveler and the company.

    What you need to consider as corporate travel increases?

    Business Travel Barometer reported that corporate travel is witnessing an accelerated growth. However, when poorly managed, it may be no longer an advantage to companies and may, in fact become a burden. There are some factors which the corporations and CTAs must consider to get the best out of the time spent traveling.

    Adopting a travel policy

    The corporate must define a travel policy which is applicable to and respected by travelers at all levels. This policy should be used to establish the standards which will help to track the improvement of business travel. It will eventually help to reduce the costs of the entire package.

    Do not limit the traveler's autonomy

    The management is responsible for budgeting the travel policy which helps to improve cost management however, it is also essential to give a degree of autonomy to the traveler. The policy should be flexible enough to allow the employee to adapt the trip as per the situation.

    Traveler's security should be a major concern

    Business travelers need to have security in place. The company needs to stick to its definition of standards to ensure the employee's integrity. The CTAs should have reliable partners (travel insurance, airlines, hotel chains etc.).

    Mobility and automation

    To optimize time and ease the processes, the administration of management platforms should have automated processes. This means they should adopt mobile solutions where search options, travel alerts, ticket reservations etc. can be accessed quickly, easily and on the go.

    Corporate Travel Trends in 2016

    Corporate travel trends tend to change regularly. 2016 has also not been any different and the travel management companies (TMCs) and corporate travel agencies (CTAs) are quite focused to provide steady if not strong axis all over. A growing MICE sector, investments in mobile and big data and enhanced focus on duty of care are some of their areas of focus.

    Rising prices

    The consolidated buzzword among global suppliers, airfares, hotel rates etc. is the rising fares. It is sometimes the move of the suppliers to generate discounts which encourage travel if there is a strong decline in demand. A positive 2016 world economy has been bringing an increase in air fares of a few percentage points, hotels are expected to see 4%-6% rise in average global rates and the competition will remain moderate in the car rental services.

    Duty of care

    Risk management is one of the major points of emphasis for corporations. Corporate customers are allowing new policies and improved technologies to monitor employees' location in case of an emergency, especially when they are travelling to foreign destinations. For instance, Concur Risk Messaging helps to identify the travelers moving around in the world and alerts them with alternate travel arrangement as and when needed.

    Focusing on MICE

    Meetings industry is a major growing sector and the corporate travel trend is developing on it. The corporate travel agencies should better start aligning the various meeting procurement methodologies with its transient travel sourcing. One of the ways could be to broaden the variety of meeting services by incorporating incentive trips within it.

    Investing in technology

    A sharper focus on increasing value and becoming more traveler-centric can be done by bringing in mobile friendly technologies. Mobile and big data are definitely the two most significant technological investments which any corporate travel agency must focus to make their platform more appealing.

    Business travel analysis after Brexit

    Following Brexit, ACTE and CAPA shared their speculations. According to them, the greatest short-term effects on the travel industry will come from the weakening of the pound against other world currencies. Greeley Koch, executive director for the Association of Corporate Travel Executives said that the business travel industry will trend on currency fluctuations; with some companies taking advantage of the weaker pound and traveling more, while others may withhold business travel until world markets find their own level.

    Impact of terrorism on corporate travelers

    Travel policy makers and administrators need to be guided by rising terrorism scare. For executives and staff undertaking travel on behalf of businesses, the travel agents and corporate travel agencies (CTAs) should prove the reassurance for their safety through the travel policies. It is more than likely that the surveys conducted over corporate travelers reflect the general concern of the global business travelers about the spate of terrorism. However, there is no denying the fact that terrorist threat is changing the patterns of business travel. The key impact of this is to keep in mind that the companies providing travel services for business travelers need to enhance their focus on security and the associated risks in delivering the services to corporate clients. According to a recent finding, travel managers have higher estimation of their policy's effectiveness in addressing risk compared to skeptical business travelers.


    Although the corporate travel sector has continued to progress, there are a plethora of challenges faced by the industry. A rapidly changing consumer market, the emergence of new business models, the impact of technology, man-made and natural crises are some of the fulcrum points that need to be considered before planning corporate trips.

  • Arranging for a trip is extremely thrilling and there are simply too many details to pay attention to, but one aspect that some individuals truly put lots of research into is locating the best lightweight luggage. Lightweight luggage is important for almost any journey. Generally people simply toss things in their duffle bag and believe that the duffle bag will likely be enough for their journey purposes, but this is not absolutely the case. Lightweight luggage sets are necessary for almost any travel because they provide a complete host of suitcase sets for your requirements. You require bags which you can monitor, but you additionally require lightweight carry on baggage to stow when your get on the plane. Lightweight cabin luggage is essential since you will need to carry it all through the airport and also to conveniently move around with it after boarding the plane. By exploring cheap lightweight luggage and lightweight luggage reviews, you can certainly locate the perfect salutation for your travel requirements.There are numerous high-quality brands of luggage in the market including Delsey lightweight luggage. You certainly have abundant to bother about on your journey; however, you no longer need to bother whether or not your travel luggage will hold up the whole trip.

    Luggage Stipulations

    While searching for best lightweight luggage alternatives, you should understand standard airline stipulations for lightweight carry on luggage. Travel luggage which is checked has some stipulations; moreover, you should ensure that the luggage could be opened conveniently if it is selected for search. Carry on bags are quite different. You would like to ensure that you get the best luggage for your carryon bag. Many regulations about carryon bags state that each passenger is merely permitted one bag. This bag should be capable of fitting under the seat or perhaps in the above head cabin conveniently and comfortably. It must not go over 45 inches in total dimensions. Bags should not be longer than 22" wider than 14" or even taller than 9". Your carry on luggage must be comfy to carry and not weigh a lot. It is utilized for essentials during the flight and an additional change of clothing for your journey in case something goes wrong with your luggage. When looking for the perfect luggage to carry on, lightweight luggage reviews will provide valuable insight about what size and also brand to choose and what exactly will be the most practical when traveling.

    Luggage Sets

    When picking lightweight luggage sets, there are many aspects that help to take the decision, from the durability of the bag to the color you wish to ensure you are choosing the best travel gear. Selecting the right lightweight luggage may ascertain that even the most trivial tragedy will not occur. By selecting luggage whose primary usage is for travelling, you could keep away from extra-large baggage charges and also embarrassment while trying to have a carry on bag to easily fit into the overhead compartment. By choosing a strong and dependable luggage brand, you won't need to bother about your carry on bag or even your checked luggage and you will really enjoy your journey. You intend to ensure that your luggage provides wheels, straps in the back, and handles which are retractable. Additional features of luggage incorporate spinner wheels implying that the wheels could twist a full 360 degrees; this enables for more ease and also control when moving around at the airport or even busy street. Your luggage set might provide a duffle bag, besides a carry on luggage. This is quite handy as a conventional duffel bag will easily fit into the overhead compartment or even under the seat without an issue. When it relates to selecting luggage, there are many judgments to make. Among the most essential decisions is whether it is soft sided or hard sided. Hard sided bags are regarded as heavier; however, they could be lightweight also. Hard bags are usually made from materials like polycarbonate and polypropylene. Softer bags can be manufactured from many other fabrics such as nylon, leather, microfiber, and even polyester. An additional benefit of soft bags is the fact that many brands provide expandability providing as much as 25% more space if required. When it relates to buying luggage, travelers usually overlook the color of the baggage. You may stare at a conveyor belt of luggage while your plane comes, but it is advisable to choose a luggage set which is bright in color or perhaps incorporates a print. This will likely set your bags apart from any other and assist you to locate your bag conveniently.

    Lightweight Luggage Brands

    One of the most effective ways to locate lightweight luggage is to check out lightweight luggage reviews on Amazon.com. Here you may be able to discover lots of of information about luggage sets as well as carry on bags. Following are some of the top luggage that Amazon.com endorses: The brand Rockland is well-liked for travel supplies. It provides lightweight solutions with vibrant colors and designs. You can also get the matching larger pieces. The Samsonite is a well known brand on Amazon.com too. It provides the best from luxurious carry on suitcase sets to expandable duffle bags on rims. It is a popular brand and also a best seller. It is an excellent travel duffle bag because it can accommodate a lot and also checks conveniently. This is a well known luggage piece and provides protection. American Tourister is yet another great lightweight luggage brand; they provide vibrant colors for their lightweight luggage sets and are a hugely popular brand for travelers all over the world. US Traveler is a very common brand for lightweight luggage, once again providing bright colors and also a complete suite of luggage for almost any traveler. Ninewest is a well-liked brand of luggage which is aesthetically pleasing and is effortless to locate on any kind of conveyor belt. These are merely some of the various brands of lightweight luggage sets you can find at amazon.com.

    Lightweight luggage is important for almost any trip. Through proper research about the best brands, soft versus hard, as well as color you are certain to choose the best one for your travel requirements. By selecting a strong and dependable model for your light weight luggage, you may ensure that your luggage will hold up nicely during the trip and you might enjoy traveling in a relaxing manner.

  • Having a beautiful garden provides you a place where you can relax and feel the fresh cool breeze. It also brings you closer to nature. Whenever you are stressed out, a simple walk or just a short coffee break at your yard will definitely give you a recharged and refreshed feeling. Thus, a nice well-manicured lawn will help you release your stress. To help you have the beautiful, well-trimmed lawn garden, you will need a lawn mower.

    Whether you have the small or big lawn, you will definitely need a lawn mower. There are wide selections of lawn mower to choose from. There are walk-behind self-propelled mowers, gas push mowers, lawn tractors, garden tractors, riding mowers and the walk-behind electric mowers. Each type of lawn mower has its individual purpose and functions. It generally affects the lawn care needs. It is important to identify your lawn area, terrain, grass types and your location.

    Before buying one, following are tips, factors and guides to help you select which kind of mower will be good for your lawn garden.

    Type Of Mower: Gas Or Electric Mower The gas and electric mower differs in power requirements. The gas powered mower requires less power than the electric but it does consumes a great amount of gas. If you trim your lawn more often, you will need to buy more gas. The more frequent and longer you use the gas mower the more gas you will need in order to use the equipment properly. While the electric powered mower conserves money and energy.

    Determine The Size Of Lawn To Be Trimmed There are different types of lawn mower. The self- push, electric, gas, tractors, riding and propelled mowers, they are of different uses. If you are planning to mow a large size of lawn garden such as half the size of an acre, the self-push mower will be tiring to use. Instead, use the riding types of mower.

    Ascertain The Horsepower Size The horsepower size will not have the effect on trimming the lawn. Such bigger engine will consume more energy and gas but it will have the same effect on the grass with the smaller engine used. When buying a gas or electric powered lawn mower disregard the factor when it comes to the horsepower size. The bigger the engine horsepower the more energy and gas it will consume. Thus, bigger engine lawn mower will cost more.

    Sloping Or Level Lawn Before buying your own lawn mower, you have to check and walk around your lawn. Are there any planter boxes, trees, walls, tree roots or other obstacles where you need to trim? Is it slope or level lawn? Take heed that it is not easy to push a mower uphill but the self-propelled lawn mower will be easier. So choosing the second one is the wiser choice.

    Indeed, a well-manicured lawn is an outcome of hard work and meticulous choosing of the right tools to use. Having the perfect lawn mower does not only provide you the comfort in maintaining your lawn but it also makes your efforts of maintaining the lawn more rewarding. With tons of mowers available in the market, selecting the one that will suite your lifestyle and needs can be a daunting task. The tips mentioned above are important consider when buying a lawn mower. Determining the types of mower, the size of your lawn, horsepower and the slope of your lawn, will surely be handy when finding the perfect mower for your gardening needs. Good luck shopping!

  • For most of the country, lawn-mowing season is upon us, leaving many homeowners with the age-old question, "which type of lawn mower is best for my yard?" This question comes about because there are so many different types of yards and so many different types of mowers. We will discuss different types of lawn mowers, and what types of lawns each of them fit the best.

    Manual Reel Lawn Mowers

    Manual reel mowers are great for very small lawns that are flat and relatively smooth. If you have a small, flat lawn this could be the best type of mower for you. Reel mowers are lightweight because they do not have an engine, there are few moving parts so they last a long time without the need for many repairs, and they are quiet. Along with that, reel mowers do a good job of cutting grass, although they have a tendency to miss tall weeds. The main drawback for a reel mower is that you must walk at a quick pace in order to realize the best cutting performance.

    Battery Powered Electric Lawn Mowers

    Again, this is a good choice for those with small flat lawns, although they can be used for a larger lawn than a reel mower. The benefit of this type of lawn mower is that they are quiet, they are durable, and they do a good job cutting the grass no matter how fast you walk. There are several key drawbacks if you choose a battery powered lawn mower. First, as the battery loses its charge the cutting ability of the mower will deteriorate causing multiple recharges if your lawn is too large to do on one charge. Next, rechargeable batteries only last for a certain amount of time, replacing them can be expensive, nearly as much as purchasing a new mower. Lastly, they do not work well if your grass is thick or your yard is rough.

    Electric Lawn Mowers

    Electric mowers are the big brother of battery-operated mowers. These types of mowers can be used on any lawn up to about three-quarters of an acre if you have enough extension cord. Modern electric mowers are very powerful and very efficient and they are quiet. They do not require much service or repair so they make a great choice for small, flat yards, although they can do large lawns. The drawback of this type of mower is the fact that they have to be connected to electricity via extension cords, which you must drag with you as you mow.

    Gasoline Powered Walk- Behind Lawn Mowers

    This category of mowers has the most different types of mowers in the class, making the choice of a mower more difficult. All of these mowers share the fact that they are powered by a gasoline engine which will require more maintenance than the mowers we have discussed to this point. They are also heavier and louder than the above-mentioned mowers. Gasoline powered mowers can be used on lawns up to 1 acre in size, with any type of grass, and no matter how rough your lawn. The only thing that stops this type of mower from doing any size lawn is how much walking you are willing to do. For lawns that are one acre or larger you should look into a self-propelled mower. You will also need to choose between a two-cycle or four-cycle engine. Four-cycle engines run on regular gasoline, two-cycle engines require that you mix special oil with the gasoline. Four-cycle engines are easier to use, but two-cycle motors are typically quieter and more durable.

    Riding Lawn Mowers

    There are nearly as many types of riding mowers as there are walk-behind mowers. They come in classifications of lawn mowers (the smallest type), garden tractors (very large with many options), and zero turn lawn mowers. If your lawn is more than an acre in size, you should consider purchasing a riding mower. This type of mower will save you a great deal of time and effort when mowing large lawns. If you have many trees, or other obstacles in your yard to maneuver around you should consider a zero-turn type of riding mower. Only people with very large lawns and that do a lot of gardening and other heavy outdoor yard work would need to consider purchasing a garden tractor sized riding mower.

    Please visit [http://best-lawn-mower-reviews.info] for more information about lawn mowers, and we also select best lawn mowers available in the market, most of them is in big sale!

  • How do I choose the right sites for me, there are so many different ones to choose from? The online dating industry has exploded and there are so many to choose from. There are many different types of sites, there are free sites, these are great if you are short on cash. There are the big paying sites with many different types of features and advanced functionality. There are also niche based sites for anything thing you can think of, one night hookups, religious, gay and lesbian, there are also threesome sites. So what should you do, the easiest answer is choose the site that is best for you and fits your needs.

    When choosing here are some points you need to consider.

    1. What are you looking to spend, do you want to spend money on a monthly membership. Or do you want to join for free in the beginning and see the site and make a determination before paying.

    2. Which features are important to you? What type of functionality are you looking for? Are you looking to meet people in your area? Are you looking for advanced functions like interests comparing.

    3. How well does the profile matching system work. Would you like to choose or would you like the system to choose for you. Do you want a combination of both?

    4. Do chat rooms matter to you? Do you want to chat with people on a one and one basis or chat with a group? What is your comfort zone when chatting? Do you need security features for the chat service?

    5. Other type of events, like speed dating.

    6. What types of privacy are looking for? Do you want to limit who sees your profile or do you want to choose by profile traits?

    7. Do you want the site to do background checks on people you are looking for. The site will check marriage status, age and general background information and flag people who do not fit your profile interest.

    There is more. These are just a few points that you need to consider when choosing an online dating site, remember to do your homework and review each site before making a decision. Many dating sites have been reviewed and tested for you. They received the feedback from many people who have used the sites and who have had great success in using them.

  • It is important to note that in the event that you are not certain about your sexuality, there is nothing wrong with conducting some experiments just for fun, or just for confirming your suspicions. You first need to determine how you will be going about this, as it can be quite a challenge to find someone who is willing to share a bi curious encounter with you without having any strings attached.

    Bi curious can be described as being homosexual or heterosexual individuals who may even show some form of curiosity for sexual relations or a serious relationship with an individual from the sex that they do not favor, still separates themselves from the label of bisexuality. There are also times when bi curious may be used to describe the broad topic of sexual orientation between bisexuality and heterosexuality. Additionally, there are some persons that will refer to bi curious individuals as being homoflexible or heteroflexible.

    Bi curious simply signifies that an individual has limited or no heterosexual experience or homosexual experience; however, they may will identify themselves as being bi curious, as they do not want to be identified as being bisexual, or they believe that they have not explored their feelings enough.

    Persons, whether homosexuals or heterosexuals, who have engaged in bisexual activity as a result of a threesome or other kind of group sex, is referred to as vortex bisexual. This group of individuals is often times referred to as being versatile, ambisexterous, AC/DC, or even switch hitter. These terms are also used to identify a stronger type of bisexuality.

    As you may already know, persons who already have some form of sexual experience and who are interested in experimenting with sexual activities with the opposite sex with whom they have never had any sexual relations with are sometimes classified as being bi curious. This is particularly true, when the experimentation is able to satisfy the individual's general curiosity. In short, bisexuality refers to an individual who has been thinking about and has prepared his or herself (however, has not acted on as yet) for some type of sexual relations with persons from either the opposite or same-sex.

    It can be quite challenging to find persons in your local area that are openly bi curious, and this is due to the fact that there are still many persons that are not willing to embrace their sexuality. However, if you take the time out to visit a dating site for bisexual individuals, you may be surprised to see the number of persons in your area that are interested in or have started to explore bi curious relations.

  • "Technology in the long-run is irrelevant". That is what a customer of mine told me when I made a presentation to him about a new product. I had been talking about the product's features and benefits and listed "state-of-the-art technology" or something to that effect, as one of them. That is when he made his statement. I realized later that he was correct, at least within the context of how I used "Technology" in my presentation. But I began thinking about whether he could be right in other contexts as well.

    What is Technology?

    Merriam-Webster defines it as:


    a: the practical application of knowledge especially in a particular area: engineering 2

    b: a capability given by the practical application of knowledge s where the real value is.

    The possession of or access to a technology is only important for what it enables you to do - create innovations which solve problems. That is the real relevance of technology.

  • After having decided on the fence that has met your needs and budgets, the next vital step is to hire someone to install it. There are many fence contractors available and so people might get confused as to whom exactly to hire. The first step to take is to start calling a variety of contractors and getting different estimates on the project. This also gives an opportunity to interview each contractor while at the same time comparing prices. The main reason for this is that it allows one to know who exactly is the best person for the job.

    When trying to locate a fence contractor, what you will notice is that each contractor has a different mannerism in going about the task of doing estimates of the fences. Always choose any contractor that will do an on-site estimate as this will make the contractor come to the property and measure that amount of work that has to be done. Such a type of on-site estimate gives one the opportunity to have a face to face discussion with the contractor and at the same time also ask as many queries as possible with regards to a particular tree on the fencing line.

    By using the yellow pages or the internet, one is able to find the best fence contractors. After having located one, not only does one need to find out the techniques and craftsmanship with which they go about the work, but also the number of in house employees and whether the contractor will be present every day at the site. It is much better if the company has in house employees as this means that the builders receive hourly wages and are at the sole discretion of the fence company and so such in house employees work as per the schedule of the fence company.

    Such in house builders are also more likely to finish the job as fast as possible. Find out as many details as possible such as what will happen if a contractor using an auger manages to crack the foundation? Will they bear the burden of repairing it or will the owner have to take care of it.

  • Finding the right fence builder can be easy if you adhere to a few simple tips. Any type of fence you are trying to install it is advised that you hire someone competent and someone that you can rely on, as fencing is often a surprisingly expensive endeavor.

    Just like any major purchase for the home, it is best to weigh up the quality and also the cost then choose the one that you are feeling has the best stability. But how do you know in the event that the quality is worth the cost? Continue reading to find out about the signs which you can look out for when looking for fencing contractor.

    Finding a high quality fence contractor

    Getting the right contractor is as simple as calling the very first number you see. Nevertheless, finding a quality worker is yet another story. It takes a little more research, but can potentially save you a lot of money as well as hassle in the long run. Things that you can look out with regard to include:

    • Does your selected fence contractor concentrate on a particular type of fencing?
    • Request photos of their prior work or even request the locations associated with some of their work as well as check it out yourself.
    • Ask for at least three referrals from past clients.
    • May be the fence contractor a part of a trade organization? This does not ensure the highest quality, but there are certain needs that tradespeople must supply in order to become members. Organizations are also handy with regard to sorting out conflicts you may have with a specific contractor.
    • As most fencing live outdoors as well as must withstand climate conditions, ask about what supplies your fence service provider uses and make sure that they are of good quality.
    • Make sure that the contractor you select is licensed as well as holds public legal responsibility and workers compensation insurance coverage.
  • In today's tough time, marriage is one of the most difficult tasks to handle. Problems and quirks are normal things to encounter in marriage. However, lots of couples strongly believe that they should be able to fix their relationship themselves. But in reality, when you are in the thick of marital problems, it can be hard to successfully find solutions. Thus, to find a marriage counselor is a rewarding and positive solution to resolve your troubles.

    In today's world of ever advancing technology where many things are based on the web, Online Therapy directory is a best alternative for couples who are in the marriage work and do not have the time to attend traditional face to face sessions. Moreover, it is beneficial for people who feel embarrassed or ashamed to face a stranger with such personal issues. Online Therapy allows you to attend the sessions at Home through secure chat rooms, exchanging emails, and even by web cams (video sessions). It provides great support, advice, and solutions needed to move past the marital issues.

    The rising popularity of the internet and the availability of online chat, audio/video recordings and speedy message transmission, facilitates more and more people to turn towards online therapy directory in order to find a good marriage counselor. The main problem behind most marriage clashes is a lack of communication. Other problems such as ego clashes, illness, infidelity, insatiable sex, and anger also cause much damage to marriages. A highly skilled, experienced and trained marriage counselor identifies the problems and finds ways to restore the broken relationship by resolving the conflicts and healing the wounds.

    It's advantageous to find marriage counselor on online therapy directory because it is easily accessible, and no need of going to physically visit a marriage therapist. Online marriage counseling helps in maintaining your dignity and privacy and even gives you the opportunity to comfortably disclose the real issues of your marriage in front of counselor.

    To find a good marriage counselor on online therapy directory is not an easier task. Marriage counseling is usually done by trained psychotherapists specialized in family systems. So before going to disclose your personal problems with the online marriage counselor, verifying the certificate and trustworthiness of the said professional is highly recommended. Ask the first and last name of the counselor, the type of degree and the institute he or she graduated from as well as inquire about their license information. You can authenticate the given information by contacting the institute the professional claims to have attended and the license information can be checked with the licensing board.

    Online marriage counseling is certainly a great choice available and open to you, if you are looking desperately to settle your marriage disputes. In case, if you are living in a faraway area, you can avail the internet service to find marriage counselor who has the significant qualifications and experience of helping wedded couples.

  • Online Therapy Online therapy is a recent phenomena. Online Therapy is preferred by those who want right-now response from the therapist. Online therapy may serve as a bridge to overcoming these barriers for those who may be deaf, ill, live in remote areas with few resources, are afraid of the "stigma", or otherwise unable to access traditional mental health services.


    Many people prefer etherapy to prevent having a mental health record with insurance companies. Other times, people need some assistance in understanding why they have low self-esteem or why they repeat negative patterns of behaviour in relationships, or why they can't break unhealthy habits. Today their are several ways to get mental health services without ever leaving your home. Online therapy ranges from newsgroups where either mental health consumers or consumers and therapists interact.


    Some people told us that it would be much easier for them to explain their problems (especially sexual ones) over the phone from the privacy of their home, car or office, at least initially"Phone Therapy is available at the Center of Revitalizing Psychiatryposted by vIgrushka | 9:35 AM | 0 comments Phone psychotherapy and care management for patients on antidepressants. Psychotherapy, for decades a face to face process, is now becoming an interface to interface process. A little bit of psychotherapy on the phone can be a powerful addition to antidepressants for reducing the symptoms of depression, new research shows. E-mail therapy is also known as e-therapy, online therapy, online counseling, cyber counseling, cyber therapy, psychotherapy online, internet therapy, internet counseling, virtual counseling, e-counseling, or, as it spelled in some countries such as the UK, Canada, Australia or New Zealand: e-counselling.

  • There are many ways how to market your business on the internet. With the technology available today, it may be more difficult than ever to promote your business online. In this article, we have compiled a short list of ways how to market your business that won't cost you an arm and a leg. If used with good effectiveness, these methods will get any work done online.

    Email marketing is a great way how to market your business online. It allows you to reach your target audience easily, stay in touch with your customers and build strong relationships with them. It also helps build your reputation online and generate traffic to your website. To get the most from your email marketing campaign, set up a system that allows you to segment your subscribers based on their demographic information such as age and location.

    Online branding is also very useful when it comes to how to market your business online. Branding lets people know what kind of business you are running, what your products or services are, and gives people an idea about what you stand for. Branding can work for both existing customers and potential new customers. It's important that you work hard to build up your brand every day, as this will help gain loyalty and trust from your current customers. In order for your brand to work effectively, it needs to be consistent, clear, and memorable - so start working on this today!

    Social media is a great way how to market your small business marketing efforts. Social media allows you to not only interact with your customers, but to get feedback and share your content with them. Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn allow you to connect with a larger base of people than you would otherwise. You can also use these sites to promote events in your area and get more customers to attend. The more people you get to know about your brand - and the more events you hold - the better chance you have of growing your customer base.

    One of the most effective ways how to market your business online is through social media. This is because the more engagement you do with your audience - the more likely you are to keep them engaged. Social media allows you to not only interact with your audience, but to also give them meaningful content that they can relate to and share with their friends. With enough engagement, you'll be able to gain new customers, drive up your website rankings, and gain more credibility with your existing customers.

    Another great thing about social media is that you can work with a variety of tools that help you get your message out. For instance, there are several videos and interactive games online that can allow you to get your point across in a way that's more engaging than simply writing a blog post or article. Instead of having to work on just one strategy, you can spread out a variety of different tactics in order to reach as many potential customers as possible. If you have a video that's very interesting but doesn't appeal to your target demographic, you can make adjustments to it until it does. That flexibility makes it easy for you to adjust as your online presence grows and your brand begins to take on a particular look or feel.

    Social media is also a great tool for SEO, which stands for search engine optimization. Search engine optimization is a term that basically refers to the different things that go into optimizing your website so that you show up favorably when someone searches for a particular set of keywords. For example, if you have an e-commerce site with free shipping and a customer comes looking for a particular product, you want to make sure that your site shows them that you have it, so you can get that customer into the store and eventually making a sale. Your SEO efforts can include everything from updating your blog posts to submitting your website to search engines. A good example of this is by writing an informative email list and sending it out to people who have expressed an interest in what you have to offer.

    Marketing your brand online has a number of different advantages over traditional forms of marketing efforts. One advantage is that you're reaching a larger number of people, which will lead to a larger base of potential customers and more likely success in terms of conversion rates. Another advantage is that you don't have to spend as much money on advertising in order to get your brand out there, especially in terms of traditional forms of marketing such as magazines and newspapers. Finally, it allows you to continue growing your brand without having to wait for people to notice it because it's all done online, which makes it a truly organic effort, as opposed to other forms of marketing that are more localized in their reach.

  • Many employers and politicians believe that dental care is a luxury, not a necessity. Yet improper dental care can lead to discomfort and illness, making it difficult to eat and drink. Basic dental coverage is a requirement for good quality of life, but the outrageously high cost of American dental care has left millions of Americans without even basic dental care.

    Yet in Mexico, the cost of dental care is lower by far. Thanks to diminished overhead and lower general expenses, Mexico dentists can avoid the exorbitant prices of dentistry in America, offering the same quality of service with the same equipment that would be found in any U.S. dentist's office. The high care standards and excellent facilities are attracting more Americans south of the border where they can get the dental care they need at a price they can afford.

    Lower Cost Dentists Through Medical Travel to Mexico

    U.S. dental costs are extremely expensive for a number of reasons, including many tough restrictions imposed by Congress and the profit motivated insurance industry. Because the U.S. market is so dominated by insurers, it is almost impossible for any individual dentist to choose his or her own prices. On top of that, American dentists are also forced to invest heavily in equipment sold by companies approved by insurance providers. These high costs have to be passed on to the patient, showing up in the fees the office must charge.

    Mexico dentists don't face any of the same costs and problems as their American counterparts. They are able to operate less expensively, purchasing equipment on the open market rather than from selected suppliers, and choosing their own rates rather than operating at the fees preferred by an insurance company. Even using the latest equipment, the best dental talent, and exclusively U.S. labs - as the best dental clinics do - Mexico dentists are able to offer a significant savings to U.S. clients. The average American will see fees 40% to 70% less than fees charged in the United States.

    Lower Cost Of Living

    Another significant factor related to the lower costs of dental care in Mexico is the lower cost of living overall. Rent, utilities, insurance, transportation, medical and office supplies, wages, real estate, construction, and basic living expenses are significantly lower in Mexico. College education and professional training are government supported as well, allowing Mexico dentists to run profitable practices while charging much less than their American counterparts. As a result, many Mexican dentists near the border have worked almost exclusively with American clients throughout their time in practice.

    Planning Your Mexico Dental Vacation

    In the early days of medical travel to Mexico, it was a hassle to plan any kind of visit at all, let alone a trip with a medical component. But in today's world, planning travel is a breeze. Many specialized companies focus on trip planning for medical travelers. They can help you find the perfect facility for the treatment you need while also taking care of the logistics of hotels and airfare. In addition, the best of these travel planners will also be able to get you discounted fares and special packages.

    Medical travel, Mexico, companies facilitate medical travel for Americans seeking savings on high quality medical, dental, and surgical care. These patients return again and again, because they know Mexican dentists provide quality, affordable dental care for less. You too can reap these benefits and enjoy the rewards of hassle free medical travel to Mexico, as you focus on your own health and recovery.

  • Valentine's Day was first mentioned by Geoffrey Chaucer in 1382 in his "Parlement of Foules". Here he says that the birds came on this day to select their mates. Hence, since a number of centuries the Valentine's Day has been continuously celebrated as a day when people can choose their mates. It is a time when lonely hearts seek out companionship in the form of opposite sex and choose to spend the rest of their lives together.

    In modern times the Valentine's Day is celebrated with many festivities. The card shops are filled with numerous highly sentimental cards that fill in the words for people who are not very good at expressing their feelings. There are plenty of gifts to choose from to present both the sexes. There are also special garments designed to mark this wonderful day. One such special garment designed exclusively for Valentine's Day is the Valentine Baby Doll Lingerie.

    Lingerie is private garments that are closest to the skin. Initially, the lingerie just solved the purpose of covering up the private parts, but as the need to look sensual increased, the lingerie started appearing in many exotic and individualistic styles. One of the modern day creation is the sexy Baby Doll Lingerie that is basically see through but give much freedom of movement as it is loose at the waist and lower body part.

    The Valentine Baby Doll Lingerie is designed in the exotic pink color and is of totally sheer material making you a good glimpse of your intimate parts leaving nothing to the imagination. In the moonlight or in the dim bedroom light it will look as if you are washed by a pink creation that doubles your sexiness. You will look like an ethereal creature that is standing in a pool of pink light and looking so lovely and sexy that to see you is to possess you. You would look like a hot diva that has been sent to this planet to take away the miseries of the man. No man will ever dream about anyone else once he sees you in this wonderful attire. You will be forever his one and true love.

    So, get your Valentine Baby Doll Lingerie and look like a sexy doll.

  • Ever wondered what it would be like to have a three some but too uncomfortable to actually ask or find someone that you and your partner will be comfortable with?

    Sex dolls have changed over time with the first being sculpted out of ivory - the maker of whom admired his craftsmanship so much he fed her, bathed her, slept with her, and indeed put her to the use of what was to become known as a "sex doll". Over time, sex dolls have evolved and changed both with the way they are now made, and how they look, but also the way society are more accepting of them.

    Love dolls vary in price ultimately reflecting the overall quality of the doll. The cheaper in the product price range being made of welded vinyl. These are inflated for pleasure and are the most common sex dolls and can be found in a variety of high street shops.

    Following on from these and moving up in price are sex dolls made from a heavier latex. These dolls follow the same design as a mannequin and have properly moulded hands and feet, glass eyes, and usually wigs too. Some of these dolls contain water filled breasts and buttocks, although this is at the top end of this price band. These dolls can be personalised with a variety of clothing, make up and wigs personal to your own taste.

    The love dolls at the top end of the price banding are made from silicone and are much more life-like. They are made with a skin like material, to make the experience that much more personal. These dolls can be modelled on real men and women with some even being custom made or made to look like celebrities. They have real hair and a flexible skeletal structure making it easy to achieve many different sexual positions, both for acts and display.

    Both the mid and higher price ranged dolls become more specialised and therefore you will not find them in common high street shops. When buying these dolls you need to be sure of the quality. Use a trusted online sex shop that also offers other sexual products such as condoms to aid with the sex doll or your personal sex life.

    Sex dolls add huge excitement to your sex life, whether you chose to use them alone, or with another person or people, but best of all they can be used to fulfil all sexual wants, needs and fantasies. For an even more explosive experience, why not surprise your partner with a safe and new outlet to un-cage your deepest fantasies and role play... be creative... add sexy lingerie, dildos, and even vibrators to help enhance your experience and guarantee you a night you wont want to end...

  • In this recession hit period, due to stringent budgets and lack of professional expertise, these organizations are moving to countries like India for web development. Good IT infrastructure and high level of English speaking employees is another reason for these organizations to come to India for their web development. Moreover web development companies in India are changing their working hours so that difference in time zone does not prove to be a hindrance for both parties while communicating with each other.

    There are number of advantages of web development in India:

    Reduced Development Cost

    Web application development at reduced cost is the key reason for organizations to offshore their development work to India. Organizations in Developed countries like U.S, U.K, Canada, Australia, Denmark, Sweden etc find it very expensive to develop web applications at their own workplace because of high wages. Suppose Development of web application in their own country cost them 100,000 dollars than in India it will cost them round about 40,000 dollars. Henceforth they appoint offshore website Development Company from India for their work.

    Highly Skilled Developers

    Cost benefit is major factor driving organizations to India but apart from that access to highly skilled and experienced web developers is also a major factor for these companies to transfer their work to web development companies in India. This skilled web developers use their creativity and experience to develop web applications that meet your business requirement.

    Focus on Core Competency to Maximize Profit

    Once you have appointed Web Development Company for handling web based work you get extra time to explore those fields which until now have been untouched. You get two benefits, first is your development cost is reduced as wages in India are low and second is you can maximize profit by focusing on your main work area. So it proves to be a win-win situation for organizations who appoint web development companies from India.


    Time is one of the key factors during application development. Web Development Company in India is capable to deliver successful web applications on time with high level of accuracy attached to the project.

    Quality Work:

    Professional web developers develop web applications or websites for your organization. This web developers use all their experience to develop high quality web applications that meet all your requirements.

    Scalable Applications:

    Thorough requirement analysis of your business needs is carried out to plan and develop applications that can be used for a long time and can be modified easily in future at a very nominal cost.

    Development in various fields:

    A large number of web development companies in India specialize in a wide range of verticals. Some areas where web application development is possible are Banking, Medical, Hotel, Ecommerce, Finance, Marketing, Retail etc. Web developers in India have a high quality of domain and technical expertise. Hence they are capable to develop web applications of high complexity regardless of field it will be used.

    Sparsh Technologies provide excellent Web Development Services to its client at an affordable rate. We provide robust, secure and scalable web solutions using latest technologies like ASP.NET, PHP, Flex, Silverlight and many others. Using these latest technologies, we have successfully delivered numerous projects in different industry verticals like Finance, Retail, Ecommerce, Real Estate, Hospitality, Consulting, Music, Oil & Gas etc.

  • By effectively moving materials around a factory or stock house, and gaining easy access to the huge pallet based loads, one can easily improve the workplace efficiency and overall productivity. In the modern world, a business has to be flexible and must have the capability to react quickly to workplace demands in order to operate with efficiency. All the requisite tools to perform the tasks should be available to the staff to simplify and speed up their work.

    A Pallet inverter is a perfect example of an important tool which can be easily used for different purposes, and due to its versatility, offers many benefits when it comes to moving goods all around the factory, ensuring that proper control procedures for the stock are being followed.

    A pallet inverter is actually designed for lifting the palletised loads and then allowing them to be flipped over vertically so as to place all the topmost items at the bottom. There are many reasons for doing this, including preventing the powdered content in the packages from clumping and settling, or to ensure that the items which have been placed at the bottom are used first so as to prevent any wastage. Pallet inverters actually provide for an easy load transfer from plastic pallet to wood pallet, rental pallet or slip sheet.

    A single person can operate a pallet inverter and its operation is very easy. The mechanism is simple and straightforward, and the inversion is achieved in few logical steps. Firstly, pallet is loaded on the forks at the front side of machine. This load is then raised off the ground using a powerful gas lift which is operated by a one touch button. It is then rotated through 18 degrees. This load can easily be pivoted 180 degrees on the axis before it is lowered down on a new pallet in a completely inverted form as compared to its previous position.

    Due to its unique engineering and quality manufacturing, pallet inverters offer much more than this basic function. They can also double up as a pallet truck; their fork lift system can be used to raise bulky loads (of even metals and alloys) and are of great help in the stock house or docking area. Due to the high visibility position of its driver which is mounted on the backside of the vehicle, it is easy to drive a pallet inverter in crowded workplaces. For this reason, there are less blind spots or unseen obstacles which can cause hurdles or accidents.

    Highly maneuverable and easy to use, while driving on the factory floor, a pallet inverter which also doubles up as truck means that you in fact get the benefit of two vehicles at the price of just one, thereby also improving your bottom line through this investment.

    These pallet inverters also allow a much improved workplace environment for workers as well as staff as they ensure delivery of goods at their perfect place, in perfect condition and at the perfect time, ready to be used immediately.

  • Business firms make use of the web and internet to reach out to millions of potential customers at each and every moment of the day. To ensure an engaging experience for the site visitors, it is necessary to set up a website in a way that is convenient and user friendly. A site should not only just present all necessary information and features to the target users, but also make sure that it is technically sound enough to provide a positive experience for the user. It is in keeping with such requirements that a company needs to make use of innovative web development techniques.

    Increasing Importance of Web Development Services

    More and more companies are now investing in highly creative website development services that allow them to present their brand and its products in an effective manner. It has been found that the numbers of transactions that are handled by a company through their online websites are far more than what they accomplish in the real world. For this reason, it is of utmost importance to invest in the right kind of website development service that can in turn boost a company's position in the market place. A reputed provider of web development services can understand the specific needs of a company and formulate a web development plan that caters to all its needs.

    Different Aspects of Web Development

    The basic planning of a web development project starts with the artistic inception of an idea or a thought for making a web application that enables a company to carry out business processing requirements for a client. This basic idea is then revised and broken down into multiple constituent ideas and then reevaluated before finally being implemented into a project. After determining the requirements and scope of a web application, the actual development phase of the project starts. Web development can be defined as a specialized field of work that involves understanding of all web development technologies as well as other related processes. To come up with a competent website that matches all current requirements of the online world, the client needs to communicate all of its specific needs to the developers. These developers then make use of a wide range of programming languages and other tools to create top quality websites and web applications.

    Importance of Experience in the Field of Web Development

    Web development companies all around the world are always experimenting with new ways and platforms that they can use to come up with better results. Their clients are always looking to offer the best user experience to their customers and also maintain a certain unique identity in the online world. For this reason, the website development service providers combine a multitude of technical strategies to come up with the best results. Most leading firms in this segment know how to work with platforms like Joomla, Magento, Drupal and WordPress as well as programming languages like PHP and its various frameworks like CodeIgniter. However, it only requires an experienced developer to make the most out of these platforms and frameworks.

    The above article was written by a well known author who mainly writes about the various practices associated with the web development industry. In the past, he has also worked as a professional developer with a number of companies and this firsthand experience enables him to understand the current trends of this industry.

  • Your business is... well, whatever your business may be: human resources, plumbing, running your restaurant. Many SME owners are privileged to do what they love and work very hard to make their businesses successful. Whatever you do, you want your website to work for you, but you want to spend your time running your business, not working on the nuts and bolts of website design, so when you need web services, how do you ensure that you are doing the right thing for your business?

    This straightforward checklist will allow you to manage your web service needs from start to finish and to make sure you get the best quality and value web development for your company.

    Which web services do you need?

    If you don't yet have a website, the first step is to write down exactly why you want a website and what you want it to do for your business. Is it an online business card for reference? Do you want to sell products or services via your site? Is it to improve communication within or outside the organisation? All of these factors influence the design and development of your website, who might be best suited to do the work and the potential cost.

    If you already have a website, try to pinpoint exactly what you do and don't like about the existing website and how things might be changed. Try and be specific: rather than noting that it looks outdated, identify what makes it so: is it the colour scheme or the fonts? Is the navigation clumsy or out-of-date? You don't have to be a web design expert to do this, but it will give you a head start in looking for a web developer to solve these problems.

    Next, prioritise your "wishlist", which may be a combination of specific points, e.g. improving the layout and more general needs e.g. "I want to drive more business to my website". Once you have this, you have a brief which a web developer can use to work out the web services needed and how to achieve the desired results. Since the list is prioritised, when it comes to obtaining quotes for the work, you can decide how much is achievable within your timeframe and budget.

    Choosing the right person

    Do you need a web designer, web developer or programmer? The terms may all sound similar, but there are distinct differences in the work they do and therefore what you can expect from their web services for your site.

    A web designer focuses primarily on the appearance or look and feel of the website, including the layout. A good web designer should be an expert in making websites visually powerful and impactful and in drawing visitors to the right areas of your website. Some web designers combine their services with graphic design, so if you have a new look and feel branding on your website, they can incorporate it for you on company letterheads and business cards too.

    A web programmer focuses more on functionality. He or she might program solely for the web or may do software programming too. The programmer's concern is getting features of your website to work. Examples may include building an online intranet or database application, where information can be stored on your database and manipulated via your website. In larger companies, these roles are often split so that programmers work on the "back end" - the features that make a website work and then apply the "front end" created by a web designer to make the site more attractive.

    A web developer muddies the water considerably, sorry. Web developers can incorporate elements of design and programming. Web development is a broader term for getting a website online and making it work. You can expect a good web developer to have an eye to both the appearance and functionality of the website.

    If you need to narrow it down and you're not quite sure about the technicalities, have a look around your site. Most likely your URLs in the address bar will have some kind of extension e.g.(.html,.asp,.php,.cfm). Try Googling for terms like "asp developer" to find someone with the specific skills to enhance your website.

    Grill the portfolio When you visit a web developer's website, check their portfolio thoroughly and don't stop there - look for their clients' website online. If you are looking for website redesign to allow you to update content more easily, how well are the developer's portfolio sites maintained? If you are primarily concerned with Search engine optimisation (SEO), how do client sites fare on search engines for the relevant terms?

    The personal touch Above all, pay attention to client recommendations. The website can show you the end result, but the recommendation can tell you about the web design process with this particular individual or company. Every SME is different, but with all those I have worked with, one thing has remained the same: the importance of the personal touch. Whether you are employing a freelancer or a big web development company, you need to ensure that you can establish a good relationship with your web developer. How quickly and thoroughly do they respond to emails or phone calls? Are they forthcoming with advice and what sort of advice do they offer? Again, you don't have to be an expert, you just have to judge whether you think it rings true and fits for you and your business

    Go big or go local? Web design and development is big business and variety is the name of the game. Google, Bing and Yahoo! can play a big part in your decision, but rankings aren't always the whole story.

    It is well worth considering a local web design company or developer, because they may have local contacts to help you promote your website or greater access to resources like online business directory listings which can boost your search engine rankings.

    I worked with a Cambridge charity who wanted to employ a Cambridge web developer because they knew the web services needed would be ongoing and that discussion and meeting face to face in Cambridge would be important to them, rather than discussing their needs over the phone or email.

    How much should web design cost? As with any investment you make for your SME, it goes without saying that you should shop around and get a few quotes. Even if you know which developer you want to go with, it is worth checking that you are being charged the going rate for the web services needed. If the web design prices are above average, you need to decide whether your relationship with the company or freelance web developer are worth paying the extra cost. If the prices are considerably below average, this should set alarm bells ringing. Canny SMEs know that you always get what you pay for.

    Working as a freelancer, I know that my clients prefer me to be upfront about costs and that it builds trust. Beware companies who hedge their bets with quotes as it might be a telltale sign of inexperience. However, it is worth bearing in mind that quoted prices are only a starting point. As an SME, it is down to you to hash out exactly what is included and what is not. For example, many sites offer SEO friendly websites. This means that the web design will incorporate the features needed to give your site a boost on Google. However, SEO does not stop here. In my experience, building websites for Cambridge companies in search engines is an ongoing process which takes place over a period of time.

    Web design prices: break it down If in doubt, ask the web designer or developer to break the cost down per task. That way, if there is a time-consuming feature which is not at the top of your web design wishlist, you can decide whether or not it is worth the web developer's time and - more importantly - your money.

    Your SME, your website Love or loathe the internet: your website is a big part of your company's identity. It pays to get it right; it costs to get it wrong, so take your time to find the web services you need.

    Victoria is an experienced, professionally qualified freelance web designer and developer based in Cambridge, UK, committed to delivering bespoke, elegant and reasonably priced web solutions to small and medium-sized businesses across the UK.Website: Rebel Phoenix Cambridge Web Developer

  • People often confuse interior designers with interior decorators and interior stylists. They are not as different as chalk and cheese but they are quite different. While a decorator would create your home space with different kinds of objects and put the various objects to make them look catching on the eye, the interior designers study forms, design, symmetry of structure and related aspects. Their study is considered more bent towards the theoretical side of the job but they have deep sense of creativity and a well harnessed idea of compositeness.

    Designers have always looked towards the past to create something modern and fresh. It is because past is an unfailing library for the interior designers. Interior designers believe that period pieces can be made to work very well even in conjunction. Yes, the underlying idea is not to disturb the consistency of theme. However hard it might seem, they can keep a uniformity of structure spirit despite bringing in tones of different periods.

    House of building designers understand the need of creating a form and its structural dimensions that suit the taste of a budding owner. It is after all his home or commercial space; it has to be his style statement too. Often they are ready to hold back their own style in favor of the owner's statement and yet keep their creativity intact. Designers are sometimes blessed with a vision that can put to shame even the Cubists.

    These professionals all over the world are challenged by new aspects of modernism. It's because the basic idea is to keep the convention of form and geography of place in mind. House or building designers can't use their skill sets distancing themselves from the medium in which they work and getting adrift from the geographic requirement of place. These professionals know all about choosing the exact raw materials. Yes, they often take suggestions from the interior decorators to put forth this plan. Interior designers use consistency to create a complete theme for a home. Parallel motifs can't truly convert a home into a likeable place. They feel that a kaleidoscope of motifs can potentially kill a structure.

    Interior decorators are paid pretty well if they have beaten the initial days of hardships. People acknowledge their craft and understand the supreme creativity in their vision. Today, you can get in touch with top interior designers through internet. Most of them also flash their work and achievements over their website.People often confuse interior designers with interior decorators and interior stylists. They are not as different as chalk and cheese but they are quite different. While a decorator would create your home space with different kinds of objects and put the various objects to make them look catching on the eye, the interior designers study forms, design, symmetry of structure and related aspects. Their study is considered more bent towards the theoretical side of the job but they have deep sense of creativity and a well harnessed idea of compositeness.

    Interior designers have always looked towards the past to create something modern and fresh. It is because past is an unfailing library for the interior designers. They believe that period pieces can be made to work very well even in conjunction. Yes, the underlying idea is not to disturb the consistency of theme. However hard it might seem, they can keep a uniformity of structure spirit despite bringing in tones of different periods.

    Interior designers understand the need of creating a form and its structural dimensions that suit the taste of a budding owner. It is after all his home or commercial space; it has to be his style statement too. Often the designers are ready to hold back their own style in favor of the owner's statement and yet keep their creativity intact. These professionals are sometimes blessed with a vision that can put to shame even the Cubists.

    These designers all over the world are challenged by new aspects of modernism. It's because the basic idea is to keep the convention of form and geography of place in mind. Interior decorators can't use their skill sets distancing themselves from the medium in which they work and getting adrift from the geographic requirement of place. Interior designers know all about choosing the exact raw materials. Yes, they often take suggestions from the interior decorators to put forth this plan. Interior designers use consistency to create a complete theme for a home. Parallel motifs can't truly convert a home into a likeable place. They feel that a kaleidoscope of motifs can potentially kill a structure.

    Interior designers are paid pretty well if they have beaten the initial days of hardships. People acknowledge their craft and understand the supreme creativity in their vision. Today, you can get in touch with top designers through internet. Most of the interior designers also flash their work and achievements over their website.

  • Nowadays, creative professions have become very popular. Young people prefer to earn money not with their strength and physical capabilities, not even with their mind, but creativeness. These days, young people are very advanced and already before entering senior secondary school they are full with ideas concerning their future profession. Starting to work in the fields connected with creative skills and new tendencies in society is the major goal of today's youth.

    It is a true point of view that uniqueness and creativity are the most important tools of success today. Each person possesses his or her own creative potential, thus, one wishes to develop these skills and talent by mastering some new profession or a course. The latter will not only suggest a person the space for thinking and creativeness, but also invention something new and unusual which has never been done by previous generations. Besides, such creative people are able to build a fundamental starting-point for future generations. Here the freshness of a new approach is of great importance.

    It is widely known that there are many new fields and tendencies nowadays. Most of such professions are highly creative demanding a sober and unique imagination, for instance, cinema acting, theatre acting, writing, dancing, painting, crafts, radio jockeying, anchoring, fashion designing, interior designing etc. There is no doubt, that all of these professions are greatly popular among young people, but interior designing can be singled out due to its uniqueness. This uniqueness consists in the fact that it gives an opportunity to future designers to transform the whole universe of their ideas and thinking power into the object of creative beauty. Only the noblest people deserve to have the profession of an interior designer. It's in their power to decorate one's house that is considered to be one of the most precious properties in a person's life. It's the place a number of people have already got used to and it's designer's task to make it much better than it was before.

    In order to become a good interior designer one has to be able to fulfill the professional demands of the industry. Thus, students should train their working standards in special colleges which have started courses in interior designing. To enter such a college one has to pass an entrance test which is conducted by the colleges to test imaginative analytical skills, technical drawing, sketching skills of the students.

    The applications to the interior designing colleges can be made by the student only after he has passed with his 12th exams. The duration of the course can vary from two to four years, it depends on the chosen course and the institute from which the student is planning to receive his education. There are different colleges providing professional courses in interior designing and you are welcome to make your own choice. They are:

    Lovely Professional University, Phagwara Academy of Art and Design, Maharashtra International Academy of Fashion and Design, Chennai

    Architects may design different surroundings, for instance, those designing the houses, offices, hotels, malls, retail shops, film studios, cultural establishments (museums, theatres, cinemas), educational institutions (kindergartens, schools, colleges, institutes, universities), sports establishments (stadiums, sports palaces), nutritional establishments (canteens, cafes, restaurants), medical establishments (hospitals, health centres, preventoriums, polyclinics), public offices, adventure spots, conference halls etc. No doubt, all of designers are always in demand to decorate their interiors as well as exteriors.

    After completing his degree in interior designing a student should start his studying as the intern or trainee in some designing house. It is especially necessary to do in the beginning of their career in order to get an experience needed in future activity. This will certainly give a student such an important initial practical knowledge required to implement in further career. There are certain qualities which an interior designing student must possess. Here you will probably ask - What are the Qualities that Make a Good Interior Designer? They are as follows:

    • Every future interior decorator should be able to read the mind of the customer and accomplish the designs according to the wishes of the customer. Very often a person is not quite sure what he or she wants to have in his or her house. In this case a good designer should have a skill to feel the client's likes and dislikes in order to meet his interests.

    • A nice Interior designer should keep himself updated with the latest tendencies in the design and new developments as well as innovation in the world of designing in general. In order to get new information about progress in the world of design, a designer should visit new design houses, communicate with more experienced interior designers, look through design websites etc.

    • A perfect interior decorator must be very creative and imaginative, it means he must be able to implement some new ideas for every new project. There are many interior designers who follow the standard rules of design in which there are good enough because they have often practiced them. No doubt, that such designers are not bad at all, but on the other hand, they are not able to suggest the client something fresh and unique. Thus, their works become more and more monotonous and the development of a designer, as a professional, stops on this stage. Besides, they cannot bring excitement in the world of design. So, an interior designer must be creative not only for the sake of his clients, but also in order to refresh the interior design in general.

    • The next point also concerns the interests of the customer. A designer should be able to organize the design in accordance with the budget and financial status of the customer. Each new client requires his individual approach and his wishes do not always coincide with his material opportunities. In this case a good designer should be rather tactic to suggest his client something identical but for lower price.

    • A good interior designer should possess a good sense of texture and color combinations, as well as work on improving his knowledge of different classifications of interiors. Besides, he should be able to define what kind of design could be suitable for this or that room.

    • It would be preferable for the designs created by the interior designer to be more than the term satisfactory for the customer. It is needed for further cooperation not only with that customer, but also with those who will probably come to you after seeing your great design made in the house of your previous customer, for instance. Besides, this will ensure your regularity with the organization you work in.

    • A designer should have an ability to handle stress and problems which can appear during his activity. Having a problem one shouldn't simply shudder at the thought of possible bigger problems, but real interior designers take the problems by the horn, get things under control, and even if a problem occurs, they try to solve it. Problems of interior designers may include the following: developing a design that their clients will hopefully like, meeting the interests of both clients and building code, having to deal with difficult and inadequate clients most of the time, handling different projects all at the same time, etc.

  • Asphalt Driveways

    Asphalt driveways seem to be a more common choice among homeowners due to how cheap it is compared to a lot of alternatives. When comparing asphalt driveways with alternative material, asphalt seems to be cheaper and fits within a homeowner's budget. Asphalt driveways are more serviceable, meaning they're easier to repair when needed. Not only that, but they're also easy to resurface and it's easier to fill in potholes compared to concrete. An important aspect of asphalt driveways is that they're better suited for colder climates.

    An issue with asphalt driveways is that they require a lot of the maintenance over the years. While it's true that an asphalt driveway can last at least 25 years, this doesn't mean they don't have to be serviced a numerous amount of times within those 25 years. Cracks and potholes will form over time due to abrupt temperature changes between seasons. The good thing is that you can easily fix these issues without causing yourself too much stress; however, you may have to resurface your driveway and fill in potholes every few years, which can add to the total cost in the long-run.

    Concrete Driveways

    If you're looking for something that requires less maintenance and is more durable to harsh environments, then you might want to consider concrete driveways. Not only do they require less repairs compared to its counterparts, but its lifespan could last up to 30 years. Concrete driveways are also good insulators, so heat energy is more easily stored into concrete. This means that concrete will be much cooler on a heated day.

    While concrete driveways are better suited for warmer weather conditions, cooler temperatures could cause a concrete driveway to break adhesion and form cracks. These cracks and potential potholes won't be as easy to maintain as asphalt. Although durability is one of concrete's strengths, the cost is probably enough to make most homeowners choose asphalt for their driveways. The cost of manufacturing concrete and the raw material needed fluctuate, usually causing concrete to cost as much as it does.


    You have to account for the area you live in and your budget. Living in a colder environment, you should probably consider asphalt for your driveway. If you live in a much warmer environment, concrete will probably be your choice for your driveway. Now, if you live in an area with moderate climate, you're going to probably have a harder time deciding between concrete driveways and asphalt driveways. If you break down some of the factors mentioned in this, it will be much easier for you to decide which to choose. If you're looking for something durable and cheaper in the long-run then concrete will probably be a better choice for you. You don't have to perform any maintenance on it as often as you would with asphalt and it's more durable. At the same time, if you can't afford to pay for concrete material then asphalt may be a better choice for you. Although it requires more maintenance than concrete does, asphalt is usually the choice people go with when trying to maintain a decent budget.

  • row Your Local Construction Company With The Right Website

    The simple fact of the matter is that most people search online before making local small business purchases. If you aren't online, you aren't an option. Even if you are online, if you aren't on the front page of Google for the keywords consumers use to find products and services just like the ones you sell, you'll likely never be found.

    So what can you do to grow your local construction company online?

    Read below to see why you need a construction website, how it will help your local construction company grow and the best solution for your construction website needs.

    9 Reasons You Need A Construction Website - Why You Need A Construction Website

    Good construction websites promote you and your company to your largest source of prospects - internet users - 24 hours a day. Without a website, you are recklessly ignoring up to 75% of your potential customers.

    Better construction websites make it easy for prospects to contact your company, whether by email, contact form and/or preferably, social media. Your construction website should act as the hub for your social media and email marketing, two of the best (and cheapest!) ways to market your company. In fact, more and more small businesses are pouring more and more money into social media marketing, and email marketing returns an astounding $44 for every $1 invested!

    By using a combination of publishing your own content, social media and email marketing, costs per lead are reduced by 60%!

    But the BEST Construction Websites should do all this and more. Your website should help you grow your business, include features that benefit you and your prospects and act as your most efficient, profitable and valuable salesperson.

    While we think there are at least 27 good reasons for you to choose us, here is a list of things our construction websites are designed to do for you:

    Showcase Your Products & Services - Your website showcases your products and services for everyone to see, through photos, videos and more. Explain benefits, compare with other products/services, and show testimonials from happy customers. The more you show the more new customers you'll make.

    Save Costs - By integrating systems and automating certain tasks relevant to your business, your website will actually save you money. How it saves you money is up to you, but here are 11 ways to get your mind working.

    Reach a Larger Market - Our commitment is in helping small, local businesses grow, but that doesn't mean your target market has to remain limited to your backyard. In fact, your website can help you build relationships with strategic alliances, referral partners and affiliates and establish your construction company as a thought leader regionally, nationally and even internationally, opening up opportunities you've never dared to think of.

    Generate (Free) Leads - The overall success of your website is limited only by the amount of time, smarts and effort you put into it. The name of the game is content, and the more of it you have, the more leads your construction website will generate. Think of the internet as television and each website as its own TV show. Without continuous, new "episodes" (content), the search engines (TV guide) stop broadcasting your show on channels related to your show (search engine result pages related to your site). But if you have a smart content strategy, your show will be a hit. Check out our website packages to see how we help you have the most popular show in town.

    Educate - The more popular your show, the more traffic your site is going to get. Unfortunately, too many small business websites have poorly written sales copy, are focused on what they do, not what they can do for the prospect, and don't engage, entertain and educate the prospect in any way. As a rule, education = conversion. Best construction websites come with professionally-written sales copy focused on customer benefits and establishing you as the expert in your local market.

    Update Information Quickly - If you haven't noticed, the world and the marketplace are moving faster than ever. Printing materials has almost become a hazard, not to mention very expensive, and forget about it if they include a typo. Having a website that is easy to edit and update on your own is vital in today's information economy. Prospects cannot get enough information about the companies they are thinking about doing business with. Give it to them or lose out to competitors who do!

    24/7 Sales Tool - In addition to the amount of information they expect, consumers also demand information to be available to them 24/7, 365. Gone are the days of requesting more information. Make a database of the things your prospects and clients ask most and develop a continually updated frequently asked questions page. Create or suggest additional online resources for your products and services and by all means, include testimonials, reviews, recommendations and media mentions of your company to sell your company while you sleep.

    Control Your Content - Content makes the internet world go round and brings in free leads. The best construction websites act as a hub for all your content and transform your construction company into a virtual media outlet. Once your content is published, it can then be spread around the internet - to social media sites, bookmarking sites, article directories, local and regional media, and other strategic outlets - all leading back to your website.

    Improve Branding - Branding helps your construction company stand out from the competition, but it can cost a fortune branding through traditional means. With your website, it's free. Your logo, your sales pitch and your content combine online to build your brand and scale with your business. Without a website, you may not even exist in the mind of your prospect. But with BEST Construction Websites, you even the playing field and can even the stack the deck heavily in your favor.

    Who Needs A Construction Website?

    So now that you have an idea of why you need a website, you may be asking yourself whether a website will help your local construction company. The answer is YES!

    Regardless of what type of construction you do, Best Construction Websites will get you to the top of your local search results and become your most valuable marketing tool.

    Besides good search engine rankings, your new construction website:

    automatically captures prospect email addresses keeps track of traffic information easily publishes new content showcases your work in pictures and videos allows prospects to connect with you And if you think of something else you want your construction website to do, ask us and we'll show you how it can be done with one of our video tutorials. Not sure if you need a website for your construction business?

    Look at some of these numbers:

    Construction companies - 368,000 monthly searches General contracting - 165,000 monthly searches General contractors - 164,000 monthly searches General contractor - 135,000 monthly searches Building contractors - 74,000 monthly searches New home construction companies - 74,000 monthly searches Residential construction - 49,500 monthly searches Commercial construction - 49,500 monthly searches That's just on Google. Each and every month.

    Sure these terms are generic, but it proves that your local prospects are searching for the services you offer online - and if you aren't online, you aren't an option.

    But if you are an option, the leads you get are red hot and ready to buy. And the higher your construction website ranks for your targeted keywords, the more of these red hot leads you're going to get.

    Imagine ranking on the front page of Google for terms like these in your area:

    Your City Construction contractor Your City Construction company Your City Residential construction company Your City Commercial construction company Your City Independent contractor Your City Building contractor Your City Building construction If you reached the front page of Google for just 5 of those terms, with an average of 50 searches a month, you'd get no fewer than 5 of those red hot prospects every month. The sample above is for the 10th position. Those numbers increase dramatically as your rankings increase. For example:

    9th position = 7.5 hot prospects a month (150% increase) 7th position = 9.5 hot prospects a month (190% increase) 5th position = 15.25 hot prospects a month (305% increase) 3rd position = 23.75 hot prospects a month (475% increase) 1st position = 91 hot prospects a month (1820% increase)

    Again, this is just an example, but a very realistic one. Depending on the amount of searches in your area, the amount of hot prospects will go up or down, but the ratios remain the same1.

    Are you starting to see the importance of creating the content needed to secure these top positions? Can you see how many leads you are throwing away (and worse, they are going straight to one of your competitors) every month?

    Consumers are not using the Yellow Pages any longer. They find businesses in one of two very specific ways:

    They are referred by a friend, family or professional They search online And even when they are referred, there is a high likelihood they still do some research online before making a phone call. When they can't find you, it sets off alarm bells. At the very minimum, you need a website just because your competitors do. Sadly, that's enough to dictate who gets the sale these days. But we're offering you something much better.

    A chance to have the Best Construction Website in your local market.

    Do some research.

    There are construction websites for just about any niche you can think of in your area:

    Residential contractors Residential construction Building contractors Building construction Civil contractors Industrial contractors Regardless of what kind of construction you do, consumers are searching online for products and services just like the ones you offer. How Many Construction Searches Are You Missing Out On?

    There Are 368,000 Monthly Searches For "Construction Company"

    How Many Construction Searches Are You Missing Out On?

    In Los Angeles, this number is 2,180.

    In Dallas, 1,990.

    In Atlanta, 2,450.

    And that's just for one keyword.

    No matter where you are, consumers are searching online for local construction services just like the ones you offer. And despite the fact there are thousands, and more likely tens or even hundreds of thousands of competitor websites, only those savvy enough to reach the front two pages of Google are really ever found.

    "Ranking below page 2 has almost no business value." - Optify, "The Changing Face Of SERPs". Think about it. When was the last time you searched past page 2 on Google for anything? If you aren't in the top 20 results, you may as well not even exist.

    The good news is that if you can secure one of these results, you'll immediately begin to see an increase in leads, sales and revenue (not to mention wonder why it took you so long to get online in the first place).

    It's also fair to say that despite the fact the majority of your local competitors have a several year head start on you, they also have some embarrassing and glaring weaknesses. Their websites are generally:

    outdated, ineffective, difficult or expensive to update and prone to being overtaken in the search engine results. This means with a little effort, your new construction website will start getting leads that used to choose your competitors without giving you so much as a thought. Do a little research on your competition and you'll see that very few of them actually publish new content and even fewer are doing it with any sound search engine or marketing strategy. Doing competitive research, we typically find the following about the websites for our client's competitors:

    They have not been updated in several years They don't have more than a handful of pages total They are built with ineffective software like Flash They don't include social media integration They are susceptible to newer, better websites surpassing them in the search engine result pages However, doing so will take some planning and effort because the sites making up the top 20 results for your construction-related keywords have two major advantages over you: Older domain names have more authority They also tend to have more inbound links But even older domains can be overtaken by publishing relevant content, built around 1-2 well-researched keywords per page, on a regular basis. With Best Construction Websites, you'll probably reach the top 50 within a week of being online; the top 20 within a month. And with one of our content packages, the top 10 is right around the corner. With each additional spot you move up, your traffic and leads will increase exponentially.

    The top position gets more than 3.5 times more clicks than the third spot, which gets 317% more clicks than the 9th position!

    8 Ways Construction Websites Save You Money

    Think getting a website for your business is a cost? Think again.

    Best Construction Websites are one of the best investments you will ever make for your small business.


    When you choose Best Construction Websites for your web development needs, you're not only guaranteed to get the exact website you've always wanted (more on that later), but you also get a dedicated partner that takes the time to understand your business and the needs of your customers so we can design your site right to convert visitors into real-life sales.

    You also get a partner that's dedicated to helping you every step of the way once your site is live online, whether it's to learn how to actually add things like pictures and videos to your site or to help you promote your business through blogging and social networking.

    Still thinking of your new website as a cost?

    Let's take a look at 9 powerful ways your new Best Construction Website will save (and make) money for your business.

    -Cash Saving Benefit #1-

    It Answers Sales Questions For You -

    Do your customers routinely call or email you asking questions about your business? It's probably because they can't find you online. We'll help you collect and answer your customers' most pressing questions and use this information to satisfy their curiosity without having to take up you and your staff's precious time.

    Let your website do the pre-selling for you. That's what it's made for.

    In the meantime, spend the time you save building relationships with your current customers instead. Not only will you save money and have a more efficient staff, you'll probably even see your profits start to grow, as well.

    How Much Will You Save?

    Count up the hours you and your staff spend on the phone answering the same questions over and over from prospects and multiply that number by your operating costs for an hour. -Cash Saving Benefit #2- It Provides Valuable Customer Service For You -

    Pre-selling isn't all your new website will do. It's also a whiz at performing the bulk of your customer service needs, as well.

    We'll help you figure out all the ways you can help your customers get the best possible experience from your products and services and help you develop marketing materials that increase the value of your goods. When your customers have questions, your new website will be right there to do the job.

    By making it easy for people to get the very most out of your products and services, you not only increase the chance they'll come back for seconds, but you also make them raving fans of your brand that gladly refer new business. In addition to the time you'll save answering questions, you get the peace of mind knowing your website tells the perfect story every time, even on days you get up on the wrong side of the bed.

    How Much Will You Save?

    Count up the hours you and your staff spend on the phone or replying to emails answering customer questions and multiply that number by your operating costs for an hour. -Cash Saving Benefit #3- It Reduces & Even Eliminates The Need For Printed Marketing Materials -

    One of the biggest costs for any small business is the constant printing of marketing materials like fliers, brochures, media kits and instruction manuals. Stop printing and start publishing your own online versions of your marketing weapons.

    When you publish your own marketing materials online, you not only get to do so absolutely free, you also have the power to make updates without having to throw away all your old stuff. It's time you realize that YOU are your own publishing company, and your new website is the key to your very own printing press.

    How Much Will You Save?

    Count up the total cost for printing your marketing materials and subtract those which you deem necessary to continue printing. -Cash Saving Benefit #4- It Reduces & Even Eliminates Your Mailing Costs -

    Since you're now publishing your own marketing materials on your own site, there's very little need for you to keep spending a fortune (not to mention you and your staff's time) at the post office. Honestly, we're moving faster and faster towards an online world where people no longer use paper needlessly.

    If it can be done online, it probably should be done online.

    It's good for your pocketbook.

    It's good for the environment.

    If you've got mailing costs, you've got a need for a website. Kill two birds with one stone and let your new website be your new postal worker, too. Not only will your website work through rain, sleet and snow, it also delivers faster and cheaper, never takes a day off and always smiles.

  • The world today is driven by fashion and be it men or women everyone likes to rock a bold look by sporting the finest outdoor classics. Men proved wrong, quite a long time ago, the common perception that it is only women who care a lot about the way they look and dress and with the masculine gender giving a lot more focus to the way they look and dress, it is no wonder that the last decade has constantly seen a large number of stylistic changes with respect to men's clothing.

    While large and roomier cuts of men's clothing dominated the 90's, the trend shifted to designer tuxedoes, top coats, silk shirts and green sport coats in the beginning of the 21st century. And it does not stop with dresses and men's clothing alone. Shops today are flooded with the best footwear and hats to complement any kind of casual or formal dress men wish to sport. From exotic los altos boots to cowboy ferrini boots and derby hats, there is no dearth of choices for accessories that would complement men's clothing.

    There is no doubt that wherever he is, every head turns to look at a man who is well-dressed. To be dressed in a good formal or casual wear might not be a big deal for few men. But what needs to be kept in mind is that good accessories could often accentuate the look of stylish clothing. If one gets that wrong, it spoils the entire look.

    Complementary shoes and simple accessories render that complete look to a men's outfit. The only one factor to be taken into consideration is that you will have to choose accessories with the matching colours that will make the outfit look put together and render an impression of sophistication at the same time. While most men think of the same old common hats and black boots, it is those men who are striving to be different that stand out of the crowd. Alligator boots, crocodile shoes and top hats are a few accessories that are not very common but can be thought about as they fit well for many occasions. Though not extremely versatile like black or brown shoes a crocodile boot or alligator shoe could be a great addition to your wardrobe. The good news is that these options come in a wide range of colors as well. While choosing complementary colors will create a bold contract, matching colours would go a great way in rendering that harmonious look to your outfit.

  • Designer mens clothes have gained more and more popularity over the last few years. Mens clothes are no longer just plain and uninteresting as they had been before. They come in a wider variety of colours and styles which make them more appealing. Shirts, jackets, suits and many other clothes worn by men can now be seen on runways on male models just as is the case with clothes worn by women. Many men have been keeping away from designer clothes for fear that they cannot afford them but this has since changed for the better.

    Designer clothes for men are more affordable now for very many reasons.

    First is the fact that there are many designers now than there were in earlier years. Just like in any industry, the existence of many dealers results in greater competition. A lot of competition leads to reduction in prices in order to increase sales. Many fashion designers now have stores in which they target the average earning population. In these stores they have reduced prices and this boosts their sales in the long run.

    When looking for designer mens clothes you must be aware of the fact that certain clothes are meant to be worn at certain functions or places. You do not want to attend an office meeting in casual clothes such as a t-shirt and jeans. If you are not sure what to buy or how to pair up your clothes, you can enlist the services of a stylist or just ask for help at the store when you go in to buy the clothes. It is not a bad idea to be a little more adventurous in your choice of clothes and the colours you prefer but be sure that whatever you buy makes you feel comfortable yet still unique.

    Clothes can either make or break you. Designer mens clothes have the ability to greatly boost your self-esteem levels and leave you feeling very confident. This can work very well for you especially if you have an important meeting where you have to be on top of your game or if you are meeting a girl out on a date and you would like to impress her. Just the knowledge that you are well groomed will increase your confidence levels. You must be careful though not to buy fake designer clothes. There are always replicas out on the market and they are never as good as the real deal. To prevent this from happening, always try to purchase mens designer clothes from the designer shops.

  • The term "beauty" is associated with many tangible and non-tangible things. Although beauty is subjective, but it was generalized by many societies. Generally, people define some set of things as beautiful and love to live with them. Mirrors are one of such things, which has been part of the human lifestyle for millennia. Mirrors not only reflect the visible things, but also invisible things. Many Americans shop different home décor things during the Easter season. Mirrors enhance the appeal of the décor.

    While shopping Wall Mirrors, consider the following points.

    The size of the Mirror- It is the first thing to be considered. The dimensions of the wall will determine the size of the mirror. The mirror should not distort the charm of the wall décor. The size of the mirror also influences the nature of the room. For a vanity area, Select a mirror which suits the physical profile of household. For decorative purposes, use different sizes of mirrors for different areas. The place where you are going to hang the mirror puts a bar on their size. So, make a note of all dimensions of your area.

    The Shape of the Mirror- Wall Mirrors come in copious shapes. The most commonly found mirrors are in standard shapes such as Rectangular, Circular, Squares. Contemporary Designers are coming with unusual Mirror shapes, which are eye-grabbing. If your room is rectangular, then hang circular mirrors which will be distinctive. Oval Mirrors are ideal for all places, they can be used as wall accents. If you want to be different, then search for themed mirrors. They can convey your feelings to guests.

    Style- The mirror's style should go hand in hand with the style of the décor. The nature of the frame can impact the mirror's style.

    For a traditional décor, choose a mirror with a Wooden Frame. The intricate and artistic carvings on the wooden frame, add immense elegance to the place. Oak mirrors are known for their traditional appeal. Walnut Mirrors transform the environment in the room. If you want to make a style statement, then there are many options. Frameless Mirrors are one of the best options for a stylish décor. They are easy to clean and can match any kind of décor. But make sure that their edges are smoothened. They capture the attention of the people. Tufted Mirrors are designed in different styles. They are tufted with Leather or Fabric and fashioned with attractive buttons. Color- The color of the mirror frame says everything about décor. Many people prefer classic color frames over other frames, as they can get subsumed into any décor. Gold color frames are eye-catching. Their presence can bring grandeur to the room. People who are fond of unique things should look for contrasting combinations. Light colored walls should be filled with mirrors covered with bright mirrors and vice versa. Rustic color frames can bring peculiarity in modern décor. Above all, choose a Mirror which motivates you and makes you feel happy. Shopping Offline can be time taking and difficult. Many online shopping sites are offering numerous mirrors which can be sorted easily. So, it is advised to Shop Wall Mirrors online.

  • The mirror has a complex and intriguing history that spans centuries and countries all over the world. The appeal of the mirror has always been clear- it allows the user to view and understand their own image with every line and blemish on their face reflected, nothing hidden. The ability mirrors have to reflect light so perfectly remains unrivalled by any other object. Without the reflection in the mirror, no-one would take pride in their appearance. Due to this ability to reflect light and show appearance so precisely and incredibly, mirrors were widely believed to have magical powers.

    A well-known superstition about mirrors is that if you smash one, you will have 7 years bad luck. This superstition is believed to have originated from ancient times, when mirrors were believed to be tools of the gods. Mirrors have been coveted since ancient times, since man first saw his reflection in a pond or lake. In highly cultured areas of the world such as Rome and Egypt, they used more crude forms to see a reflection of their image, by making mirrors out of materials such as bronze and metal. This was long before the more advanced and practical glass-making of mirrors. Glass-making revolutionised how mirrors would work. Before this, the word "mirror" represented any material that had been fashioned in a way that allowed the user to see their reflection. In modern day, when one hears the word "mirror" they associate it with a sheet of glass used as either an object of decoration or as a household object. Mirrors are now extremely commonplace objects, and you'd be hard pushed to find a home without one. Mirrors weren't always so common, however. This article looks at the lengthy history of the mirror, and focuses particularly on the Venetian glassmakers that revolutionised the mirror world by the creation of the Venetian glass mirror.

    The history of the glassmaking of mirrors began in 1255 when artisans, the makers of pearls, flasks and glass, settled in Murano, Italy, the birthplace of the now famous Venetian mirror. The draw of Murano was that these artisans could protect the secrets of their trades from curious eyes. Venetian glassmakers hurried to join them to be included in the protection. These glassmakers in Murano produced the world-renowned Venetian glass, from which later began the production of Venetian mirrors. In the 15th century, glass from Murano was known throughout Europe due to the high quality glassware, beauty and elegance. Murano glassmakers knew how to make crystalline glass and also discovered a totally unique solution to producing large pieces of glass with unblemished surfaces and highly reflected surfaces, which set them apart from all other types of glass and glass makers. The beauty of the glass made in Venice was attributed to 3 main things. The first was the composition of the salt and soda in the Italian silica it was made from. The second was the type of flame used in the firing process and the third was the salinity of the ocean water used. The many attributes that made Venetian glass so beautiful insured that by the early 1500's, the Venetian glassmaking industry had expanded and virtually wiped out all competition from all over the world. The production of mirrors from Venice began with Venetian glassmaking.

    Mirrors came back into fashion at the beginning of the 15th century, at a time in which mirror and glass making was rapidly evolving in Venice. The Venetian glassmakers were already famed for their elegant and beautiful style of glass production, and so at the beginning of the 16th century, Venice became a centre of mirror production. Venetian mirror makers used their world-renowned and gorgeous glass to produce authentic Venetian mirrors. These mirrors were considered the purest mirrors in the world, unrivalled by any other material of maker. During the 16th century (and a couple of centuries after), real Venetian mirrors were very hard to come by. Small steel mirrors became an everyday object because they were available everywhere and were cheap to buy. In terms of quality of the mirror though, real Venetian glassmirrors were utterly unrivalled by the unattractive, non extravagant and small steel mirrors. Venetian mirrors were coveted after. They were exported not only all over Europe, but also to the East. Two famous palaces, the Isfahan palace and the Lahore palace purchased Venetian mirrors which they proudly hung in their decorative and extravagant palaces.

    • Real Venetian mirrors remained a rare object in the 16th century and the following couple of centuries, and polished metal mirrors remained the most widespread. The small steel mirror was an everyday object that could be bought anywhere.

    • Venetian mirrors, or Venetian style mirrors, could also be purchased, but only from well-stocked high end haberdashers who specialized in valuable objects. A merchant called Andre Clement kept a boutique called the "Fleur de Lys" in the rue Saint-Jacques in Paris in 1520 his inventory mentions "two mirrors from Venice" valued at over £5,500. Venetian mirror couldn't be found just anymore and was extremely difficult to find outside the city of Paris.

    • By the mid 17th century, there were many types of materials used in mirrors, including steel and precious metals such as gold and silver, but anyone who had experienced their reflection from a Venetian glass mirror knew there was no comparison in terms of quality and beauty.

    • Before 1581-1622 in Paris there were only nine Venetian glass mirrors in two hundred and forty eight estate inventories.

    • In the early 16th century, Venetian mirrors were very expensive and most were worth around £8000.

    • Due to the economic depression in Italy stripping it of numerous customers, Venice increased its initiatives toward foreign markets and focused these efforts on France, one of its best customers.

  • Internet lotteries are used to collect your email address. There is a large amount of them of which are not regulated by the government association that is specified for such things. Not only that, but many times there are no real lottery. You can know them when you receive a message saying you have won a lottery that you didn't even enter in the first place.

    They will then sell this to marketing companies which will in turn send you countless spam messages. You will see where they ask you for your email address so that they can let you know if you win. Right away you should know that this is not a legitimate lottery, because legitimate lotteries don't notify customers by email. They will contact you by phone, or registered mail, even by person but never by email. In most scenarios there is not even a prize for entering the online lottery so your email address is given out in vain.

    The people that run online lotteries are just like the common crook. They prey on people to get their email addresses so that they can be sent out to firms that will flood your inbox with unwanted ads. All you women who have received messages about male enhancement drugs know what I mean. Not only do they flood you with spam but when you try to unsubscribe you continue to get messages long after the 7 days or 10 days they stated it would take to get you off their list.

  • The Catcher in the Rye, by J.D. Salinger, was required reading for my tenth grade English class. I remembered it as a story about the struggles of adolescence, the yearning for independence, and the reluctance to let go of youth. My son is now about the same age as I was when I read the book and we are living through his own nudge for independence, which sparked my interest to give the story another read. Before I began, I wondered what my take on the book would be at this point in life having survived adolescence and received training and experience in child development in addition to having a teen in the house. This reading accentuated the unresolved grief, family dysfunction, mental illness, and lack of social connectedness of the main character, Holden Caulfield, and how these difficulties exacerbate the issues experienced during the typical maturational process. As the country still debates gun control laws in the aftermath of Sandy Hook, and as we try to recover from the Boston Marathon bombing, The Catcher in the Rye reminds us about the importance of developing meaningful and genuine connections with our children and the need to address their mental health issues.

    The Catcher in the Rye begins as a flashback story about Holden Caulfield's experiences leading up to his nervous breakdown prior to Christmas. Holden narrates the story while receiving inpatient psychological treatment on the west coast. The events begin at Pencey Prep in Pennsylvania, where Holden has been expelled due to poor academic performance, and conclude in New York City as Holden attempts to return home. During the course of his journey, Holden attempts to make connections with a number of people however, he fails miserably due to his social ineptitude, lack of appropriate treatment for what may possibly be bipolar disorder, and inability to believe that other people are capable of being genuine. Holden eventually makes it home and connects with his younger sister. By that time he has decompensated to the point that, even though he is no longer experiencing suicidal ideations, he feels disconnected, misunderstood, and alone. Holden decides that he is going to go away, to escape from society and the rejection, the loneliness, and the pain that he feels. However, Holden makes one last trip to see his sister Phoebe before he disappears. Phoebe's caring, anger, and innocence provide Holden with the connection he is looking for; she is both a peer and dependent to him. Through Phoebe, Holden is able to cling to his childhood and put off making the leap to young adulthood and independence.

    One theme that I was more attuned to during this reading was the unspoken dysfunction of the Caulfield family. Holden frequently compares himself to his younger, deceased brother, whom he describes as brilliant and athletic, as well as his older brother, who has become a successful author. It is suggested that Holden is a challenging child, and somewhat of a disappointment to his parents as he has been unable to live up to their expectations. He has been expelled from at least four preparatory schools due to poor academic performance, he has difficulty socially connecting with others, and he has frequent mood swings. It is possible that Holden's parents were drained from watching their youngest son battle with leukemia which left them with little strength to effectively deal with Holden's grief and potential disability. In Holden's eyes, they appear to have emotionally and physically divested themselves from him. He has little to no emotional family support and what appears to be very little communication with them. Holden is left adrift to navigate this tumultuous time in his life without support, understanding, and treatment. His efforts to reach out and communicate, including failing out of schools and getting into fights, are not understood as cries for help but are seen as personal shortcomings.

    Holden perceives most people as being phony, superficial, and hypercritical. This may in part be due to his social awkwardness, lack of maturity, and feeling of being abandoned by his parents. He is continuously let down by everyone that he reaches out to for help as they either don't live up to what Holden has built up in his mind, or they try to take advantage of him. Therefore, Holden comes to believe that everyone is phony who doesn't or is incapable of meeting his preconceived expectations. In addition, Holden clearly experiences moments of mania during the story, which are often followed by feelings of sadness to the point where he does express some suicidal thoughts. It seems that the lack of communication with his parents, the unresolved grief and guilt over the death of his brother, and the inability to effectively and appropriately connect with others result in Holden being unable to interact with others on anything but a superficial level. The exception to this is Phoebe. Her reluctance to let her brother leave provides Holden with the strength to go home and ask for help. However, in the end, Holden continues to suffer from a lack of love and feelings of loneliness. He states, "Don't ever tell anybody anything. If you do, you start missing everybody." At this point, Holden continues to find it difficult to have genuine, meaningful relationships believing that when you open up to people that they will turn away from you in order to keep the relationship on a superficial level. Holden continues to be plagued by this emotional void and, while there is a hunger for social connectedness, he will continue to experience emptiness and rejection due to his quirkiness.

    For me, reading The Catcher in the Rye in high school highlighted the struggle for independence and Holden's war on hypocrisy. On this reading, I was able to obtain a better understanding of the tragedy that occurs as a result of Holden's parents being unable to provide him the emotional support that he needs to overcome his brother's death and deal with his mental health needs. Holden's repeated failure to socially connect and develop a meaningful relationship with anyone other than his sister and the lack of treatment for his mental health issues made me think of the recent tragedies in Colorado, Sandy Hook, and Boston. It reinforced the need to take mental health needs and services seriously; just because these conditions are unseen doesn't mean that they aren't debilitating. Feeling cared for and connected to others reduces the stress, stigma, and isolation that are associated with these conditions. It made me wonder whether these tragedies could have been avoided if the people involved had received appropriate therapy and treatment. They may have felt connected and accepted, and these tragedies may have been avoided. The message of being accepted and cared for from The Catcher in the Rye continues to be relevant to young people today as we all strive for acceptance.

  • Due to the increasing popularity of the iPhone spy software programs, there are many people that are getting the wrong impression of what these programs are actually designed to do. Most people tend to look at the name of the program and automatically assume because it contains the word spy in it that the program allows them to engage in actions that it actually prohibits.

    In most cases, this particular program is used to monitor two different types of people. Employers can use the software or monitor the productivity of their employees, and parents can opt to utilize the program to monitor the different things that their children are doing. However, in order to be able to decipher truth from fiction it is important that you understand that these programs are not going to make your phone into an instant spy machine.

    One of the first things that people are saying about these programs is they will instantly give an individual access to all iPhones that are around their general area. This is actually not true, even though there are so many people broadcasting all over the place that it is.

    When you obtain the software and install the program onto your phone, you will be able to obtain information from your specific phone. Your phone will not instantly turn into a radar tracking device that will give you the ability to spy on other peoples phones that are around you. If you have heard through the grapevine that you can engage in this type of action, you were lied to by whoever told you this nonsense.

    Another myth that is floating around about this new program is that only people who are computer savvy and have an avid amount of knowledge about programming can utilize the software. This of course is false, because all an individual needs to utilize this basic program is general knowledge about computers and smart phones.

    There are a lot of people that assume that because this program is actually a pretty complicated program to build that it has to be extremely complicated to use. After installing the program directly onto your phone via a website that you download the software from, you will be able to use the program almost instantaneously.

    As long as you have an adamant amount of knowledge about how to make phone calls on your phone, send text messages and read or send emails through your computer you will not have any problems installing this iPhone spy software. People tend to make certain tasks seem a lot more complicated than what they truly are because they want to confuse people that are interested in obtaining the same program that they have.

    Another common myth that you are prone to hear about this particular program is that in order to open the program and load it onto your phone you have to have an extensive amount of knowledge about hardware and other types of electronics. The truth is you actually do not have to know anything about hardware or electronic programs at all in order to be able to download the program directly onto your phone to use at your disposal.

    Some people have taken the main reason why people obtain this program above and beyond what it needs to be. For example, there are people that actually believe that only individuals who are intrusive and perverted have this program installed onto their phones. The people that elect to have the iPhone spy software installed onto their phones decide to install this special program onto their cell phones because they want to be able to obtain information that would prevent a tragedy from occurring.

    For example, parents may install the program onto their child's phones so they can ensure that they are safe when they are out. Employers may install the program on their phones so they can monitor the tasks that their employees are completing when they are gone.

  • alex jacob 3 months ago

    Good news for all bow tie lovers - New York Times fashion guru David Colman is reporting a major comeback on the red carpet as the bow tie once again tops the style stakes for men.

    Oddly enough for an item regarded as wholly decorative, the bow tie originates from functional clothing worn during the Roman period. At this time, orators would wear neck cloths, ensuring they kept their vocal chords warm. Reports that Bow Ties will protect you from laryngitis however, are much exaggerated.

    While they might be making a comeback now - the Bow Tie has been around for a long time - it was in the 17th century that the neck cloth really took hold as a fashion item. Croatian soldiers used the cloth to tie together their open shirts when, in celebration of their hard-fought victory over Turkey, they visited Paris in 1660. The soldiers were presented as glorious heroes to Louis XIV, a monarch well known for his eye for fashion, and the sophisticated French were enchanted by the dashing appearance of the soldiers. The 'Cravat', named after the French word for 'Croat', was adopted as a novel neck accessory, and quickly became all the rage in Paris.

    The French Revolution (1789) took the Cravat to extravagant new heights. The fashion dandies of the time, the 'Incroyable', wore enormous neck clothes - so large they even extended over the mouth. Anyone tempted to reignite this trend?

    For the Romantics of the 19th century, neckwear became the most important feature of male attire, and was regarded almost as an art form. In 1828, H. Le Blanc published 'The Art of Tying your Cravat', showing 30 different ways to fashionably fasten the accessory whereas nowadays many of us struggle to know one way!

    Later in the 19th century, the collar became a more important focus of male dress, causing the birth of the modern bow tie. It became a form of military and formal attire (Churchill was an avid wearer), and for more tongue in cheek fashion statements (the New Romantics of the 1980s).

    Today the bow tie is available in a huge array of designs - from the conservative and tailored to the dazzling and flamboyant - but what it retains is the element of elegance, sophistication and distinctiveness that has helped it to develop and flourish over the past 1000 years.

  • Are you looking for a great deal on neckties and bow ties, and are also you looking for bulk wholesale pricing? Usually wholesale means you have to order a large quantity in order to benefit from the discounted pricing. For the most part this is not much different in the necktie or bow tie industry, but one retailer: Uniform-Ties.com is giving both options to their customers: Wholesale pricing on individual neckties and bow ties as well as additional discounts for bulk orders.

    Who Orders Neckties and Bow Ties in Bulk? For the most part small to medium sized re-sellers are interested in bulk orders. They usually order 8-20 ties of one design, and typically order a wide range of different models. Besides attractive pricing, consistent high quality is important to them. At Uniform-Ties.com we have agents oversees to ensure quality control around the clock. We understand that it is important to manufacture ties in a consistent high quality. We take quality control very seriously, and don't just inspect the finished product, but oversee the weaving process as well as the silk dying methods. Ensuring quality on every step of the manufacturing process is the only way we can guarantee consistent, highest quality products.

    Besides re-sellers we often times work with companies that are interested in a uniform necktie or bow tie. Common industries are restaurants, hotels, limousine services, airlines, and security companies. Besides offering a very wide range of existing designs and color options, we have in-house designers that can create the custom designed necktie that goes perfectly with your company's image. At Uniform-Ties.com we produce around the clock, and receive shipments on a very regular basis. Having the design, manufacturing, and logistical process dialed in to perfection guarantees that we can meet even the tightest deadlines for our customers.

    Our smallest group of customers order neckties and bow ties for private events. Common are requests for wedding neckties in quantities of 6-8 ties. Even such orders are taken very seriously. For the most part, our customers find a tie they like in our selection of over 500 neckties and bow ties. We always carry our existing designs in stock, ready to ship. What this means: If a customer orders 10 ties of one design today, it will arrive within 3-4 business days. We ship daily, and even overnight rush shipping is no problem for us.

    About Uniform-Ties.com Uniform-Ties.com was founded in Sept. 2008. Even though it is a new website, neckties and bow ties are anything but new to us. Originally founded in Germany in 2003, we expanded to the US in 2007. Wholesale orders on neckties and bow ties are also nothing new to us. What is new however is a web-site dedicated to our customers interested in bulk ordering? It was our goal to make it much easier for these clients to find exactly what they are looking for quickly, and to have the support team in place that specializes in custom and bulk orders.

  • I completely agree with the statement "If we are interested in the students' future, then our way of teaching must reflect the future. ''

    The right education is the one, which is planned according to the future need. Present students are future job-seekers. The future working environment won't be the same as today. Due to globalization the world changes into a global society, and the advanced technology transforms the organizational infrastructure. So in the future, the students will work as team workers of wide spread teams, in globalized organizations, using ICT (Information and Communication Technology) tools to enhance the given jobs.

    Keeping the above working scenario in mind, the current education should provide the students, the needed knowledge and training, to face the working environment with confidence.

    When we seek a learning method, which consists of team work, and using ICT tools, Collaborative learning appears to be the right answer.

    What is Collaborative learning?

    Collaborative learning is a method of learning, related to co-operative learning, where students form in to groups, to learn and achieve common academic goals, using ICT tools.

    In traditional learning, a teacher is solely responsible for everything connected with teaching. The students used to work individually and approach the teacher for needed guidance. In this system, the students' work alone and compete with eachother. Sharing and helping plays a very small role in learning. Solo teaching and self achievement are the primary features here.

    Whereas in collaborative learning the students are more involved, and play an active part in learning and sharing. It encourages students to support and inspire one another.

    In this kind of learning, each student is responsible for himself/herself, and for the group. The students help one another; work as a group, learn as a group, and reach the goal, as a group.

    Collaborative learning, prepares the students to take more responsibility for themselves and the team. It is based on the idea that learning is a social act where the students discus the subject in depth, and through discussion learning occurs.

    Most of us agree that we usually learn more by teaching than we ever learnt as students!

    Research also supports this idea, as it has been found that students who learn most are those who give and receive in depth explanations, about what they are learning and how they are learning.

    It is proven, that students who work collaboratively achieved higher scores than those who work alone. Plus, students who were at lower levels of achievement, improved significantly when worked with groups.

    Research suggests that collaborative learning brings positive results such as -


    Collaborative learning shifts the responsibility of learning from the teacher to student. The student becomes a self-directed learner. Sharing the knowledge with the group makes the student a teacher too.

    Interest and Involvement

    Debates and negotiations create interest on the subject, interested student becomes more involved.


    Group diversity paves the way for positive learning. A student after faced with different explanations, on the subject, may re- consider his/her previous viewpoint. The group also prepares the student to respect others opinion and teaches, that denials and criticism are part of learning.


    Students realize the value of sharing, and that sharing and receiving are, the two sides of the same coin. They also learn that sharing improves the knowledge.

    Collaborative learning helps students to become actively and constructively involved in the topic, to feel responsible for their own learning and that of the group, to settle group conflicts amicably and to improve healthy teamwork skills.

    Disadvantages of collaborative learning

    Some of the disadvantages of collaborative learning are -


    Mismatched personalities in a group lead to unequal treatment. The strong one tries to dominate the group.

    Out of focus

    During the debate, unwanted and prolonged discussions occur.


    Different speeds of learning, results in uneven learning. The dull students face forcing to act fast, and take decisions without understanding the subject completely.

    Extra burden

    Responsibility of helping dull students creates an extra burden to the advanced students. Some dull or lazy students fail to show effort or depend on other team mates for completion of work.

    Undeserved success

    Regardless of their contribution, some students get undeserved success.

    Why collaborative learning?

    Every system has its advantages and disadvantages. When selecting a system according to the need, we go for one which has more pros and less cons. After analyzing the pros and cons, on time of application, we concentrate more on corns and find ways to lessen the negative effects of it.

    In the same way, when we go for a system which reflects future working environment, consisting team works, and ICT tools, collaborative learning seems the best option when compared with other methods. It has more advantages and less disadvantages.

    Teachers part in collaborative learning.

    Teacher has a more important part to play in collaborative learning.

    A teacher can assess the students' capabilities. Accordingly when giving goals or forming groups the important points like conflict resolution skills, mismatched personalities, uneven distribution of workload, should be taken care of.

    The teacher should carefully plan and implement the three G's, Goal, Group, and Guidance. Good explanation at each stage will bring better results.

    Explain the collaborative learning steps.

    Discussing the aspects, Listening carefully others opinion, Consideration of possibilities, and Deciding accordingly. The fundamentals of group behavior.

    All the students in a group are equal, regardless of their short comings. Every group member should have equal right and opportunity. Everyone should share the work and do their duties. Absolute NO's

    No power games and taking sides.

    No prolonged or out of subject arguments.

    No escape from duties and discussions.


    Plan the assignment, according to the student's grade level. Provide appropriate time. Clearly define goals and objectives.

    Assignments can include writing projects, problem solving, laboratory work, study teams, debates. For higher classes, Instead of an artificial topic, assignments based on everyday problems, or real world problems can produce much better results in collaborative learning.


    In the lower grades, the teacher should form the groups by mix and matching the dull and bright.

    In the upper grades the teacher can act as an adviser in forming the groups.

    In higher studies the students can choose the group where they are comfortable.


    According to their educational level, the teacher should provide needed guidance:

    For Lower grades - monitor the students' progress regularly.

    For Upper grades- monitor the students' progress periodically.

    For Higher studies - enquire the students' progress individually and asses how they are progressing. Here some students may act as if they are involved and celebrate team's success as theirs. The right form of questions on the subject and asking about their views show how much the student is involved in the team work.

    How to get more out of collaborative learning?

    Comfort and co-operation makes group work a success. The main features of collaborative learning are GROUP, LEARN, SHARE, and ACHIEVE.

    Early introduction of collaborative learning fetches maximum benefits to the students. The primary requirement of collaborative learning is understanding and adjusting to the behavior patterns of the group. When a student gets appropriate training in this field, maximum benefits can be achieved.

  • Emani cosmetics have expanded its chain of businesses with its newly invented green cosmetics and make ups. Keeping in mind the enormous pollution rates these days, Emani cosmetics have turned to the organic natural ingredients in order to make it more effective and healthy.

    The name Green cosmetics has derived from the nature itself. The ingredients of the products are natural and therefore the over all result is satisfactory with fewer side effects. The organic Emani cosmetics are less chemically infested. The inspiration for the mineral foundation make up comes from the minerals found in the nature. The minerals first are sterilized and then mixed with inorganic colors to produce different shades. These cosmetics are anti-inflammatory. Some of these minerals have shimmer or sparkling naturally like zinc, bismuth etc. Also this Organic cosmetics or make up is made with ingredients like mica which is a transparent mineral mined from the earth. Combined with iron, it causes brilliant color effect. Color is such an ingredient which adds a different texture and volume to the entire look. And there are other minerals also which provide whitening and thickening.

    Apart from that, this natural make up has sufficient sunscreen ingredients to protect the skin from the harmful UVA and UVB radiation. This pure natural make up is basically no reactive cosmetics. These mineral foundations create a perfect blend of gorgeous smoothening effect. The mineral based make up reflects a smoother and light effect on the skin tone. These skin care cosmetics appear weightless and more lucid as the current trend is to look fresh in natural way as if there is no make up at all. Also, the blushes bring radiance on the face unlike the heavy make up look. The fine lines get more softened and naturally beautiful. The organic skin care cosmetics are basically Paraben free product. Paraben creates blockage in the skin which can cause the permanent damage to the skin. Therefore, mineral make up is more purified. Emani's mineral foundation make up the Color Dust is popular for its versatility. They are in wide variety of colors including some original colors. Mineral cosmetics are proper for all skin types and every occasion.

    To top it all, these organic cosmetics will not breed any bacteria which cause acne all over the skin. It conceals blemishes while providing a tender effect. These products are light and easy to carry. The radiance caused by the mineral make up hides wrinkles. With the effectiveness of the mineral make up skin redness can be erased. It comes in the form of powder so it doesn't feel oily at all. So there are plenty of reasons to use Emani mineral cosmetics to get a complete perfect look.

  • Florida, mirroring federal policy, has long had a prohibition policy regarding narcotics and substances viewed by legislators to be dangerous to society, criminalizing them and throwing people in prison for even the mere possession of natural products, like cannabis. Those seeking a high sought more creative ways to get that high, and created synthetic drugs that did not fit under the existing categories of illegal substances.

    For a time, these substances were legal. They could be found in stores across the state. Synthetic marijuana, often called "spice" or "K2," was marketed as "herbal smoking blends" or "herbal incense." Bath salts, a type of synthetic amphetamine or heroin, was marketed as just that - bath salts, hence its nickname. The products were widely available in many neighborhoods.

    However, the reputation of synthetic drugs, particularly bath salts, quickly escalated into extreme fear. Bath salts became known as a substance that could cause violent behavior. When a man was shot and killed by Miami police in May 2012 while evidently eating the face of a homeless man, speculation in the media and social networks that it was the result of bath salts and that synthetic drugs were the source of some kind of coming zombie apocalypse. Truth did not bear this reputation out: an autopsy of the man showed that the man, in fact, only have marijuana in his system and the more likely reason for his actions was mental illness.

    In March 2012, Gov. Rick Scott signed House Bill 1175, banning more than 90 types of synthetic drugs, including salvia, synthetic marijuana and bath salts. The law also banned several compounds that are commonly used in synthetic drugs in an effort to keep producers of synthetic drugs from creating new types. They are Schedule I drugs under Florida Statute § 893.03, meaning the Legislature feels they are the most dangerous type of drug available, with high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use.

    As a Schedule I drug, Florida punishes any crime relating to them particularly harshly. Mere possession of any of these synthetic drugs, therefore, is a third degree felony in Florida, punishable by up to five years in prison and a $5,000 fine. Possession with intent to sell is a second degree felony, punishable by up to 15 years in prison and a $10,000 fine. Trafficking is punished most harshly of all, as a first degree felony with penalties ranging up to 30 years in prison and a $10,000 fine.

    Don Pumphrey Jr. is an experienced Florida trial attorney. He represents those accused of any sort of drug crime, including possession, intent to sell and trafficking, and including synthetic drugs. He fights for the rights of clients throughout the Florida Panhandle, including Leon County, Wakulla, County and Jefferson County. Learn more about Mr. Pumphrey and criminal charges on their website:

  • Pallet inverters. Either something that you may never have heard of, or something your business couldn't do without.

    Pallet inverters turn loads of palleted merchandise to allow the exchange of one pallet for another. Manufacturers and distributors use inverters and exchangers to quickly transfer loads from in-house pallets to less expensive 'transport' ones (in-house pallets are usually more expensive due to having to meet cleanliness standards of the in-house procedures, such as food and drug production). Inverters are also used to quickly and safely straighten slipped loads or to remove goods from damaged / broken pallets without creating additional damage. It was in fact the need to remove damaged units from the bottom of a palleted load that required the actual invention of this piece of machinery.

    Pallet inverters, usually a free-standing machine, are often located in production lines. Free standing inverters are loaded by forklift and can takes loads measuring up to 48x48x60-inches high and weighing up to 4400 pounds. When the inverter is activated by an operator, hydraulic clamping securely holds the load in place and the inverter rotates the load 180 degrees onto another pallet or to shift the load for better alignment.

    Potential pallet Inverter Users

    Any company handling production on pallets is a potential user of a pallet inverter. Specific uses of pallet inverters include:

    1. Recovering broken pallets or damaged goods at the bottom of a stack. It is dangerous in a high traffic/high volume warehouse to store goods on an unstable or broken pallet, so it is common practice to replace substandard pallets before it can cause an accident or delay.

    2. Good housekeeping is simplified when switching from shipping pallets to hygienic pallets for processes in food and drug production industries. It is vital for foodstuffs to be switched to hygienic pallets because wood pallets absorb contaminants.

    3. Better presentation of finished product in the situation of a broken unit needing replaced and spillage cleaned away. An inverter on the outgoing goods side of an operation will present the goods in the best possible condition.

    Other reasons to invert a load 180 degrees:

    • Producers of laminated products to laminate other side of MDF board
    • Invert cheese during maturation process
    • Printers preparation to print second side
    • Invert corked wine bottles for long term storage
    • Invert bananas for ripening before delivery to market
    • Invert concrete sections from steel molds
  • One of the ways to consistently make money is to find a product or service that people need, and that you can do cheaply. It would be even better if in the process of filling that need, you felt like you were doing something good for the planet, or for other people. Recycling wood pallets for money is exactly that kind of business. There are literally thousands of people out there with pallets they want to get rid of, recycling centers who will pay you good money for them, and you are doing something good for the environment in the process.

    You can easily make $100 or more per day recycling wood pallets, and you don't need any expensive equipment, special licensing, or anything else. In fact, they things you need are probably already lying around your house or apartment. You'll need a good pair of gloves, a drill, a hammer and nails, and some transportation. A pick-up truck works best, but anything that can carry the load will do. Obviously, the more capacity your vehicle has, the fewer trips you will have to take to put money into your pocket, the fewer miles you'll use, and the less gas you'll consume.

    Finding wood pallets to recycle for money is a lot easier than you would expect. Just about every business that sells inventory has them, and probably more than they want. This includes department stores, malls, convenience stores, or any retail store at all. The bigger the store, the more they are likely to have. Normally, stores keep them in the back of the building, usually near where they take deliveries. All you need to do is scout businesses in your area, see who has a pile of them lying around, and then go in and talk with the manager.

    What you are offering is a wood pallet removal and pallet recycling service. None of these shop owners want to keep these pallets. That's not what they do, they sell things. You are offering to take a problem off of their hands, and to do it for free. Lots of these stores pay people to haul the pallets away. Once you have them agreeing to let you pick up their pallets, set a schedule. Come by every week, every other week, or every month, depending on the volume they expect to have. As an added benefit, you can offer an "on-demand" service, so that if they have a lot to get rid of, they can call you and have you come sooner.

    Once you have done your daily collection of pallets to recycle, you need to sort, repair, and sell them. This is also a lot easier than you might expect. But at this point, you have the key ingredient to a successful business, you have a product that people want, that you can get a consistent supply of for free, or very cheap.

  • How is it that shoes can end up in a massive heap in the blink of an eye? And how is it that one shoe manages to burrow down to the depths of the pile, while its mate covertly sneaks off under the bed, often managing to remain hidden for months? It's time to take control of this shoe war. Fortunately, thanks to these seven types of great shoe organizers, you'll save lots of time and energy.


    Shoe cubes are an excellent way to store men's and women's shoes in a cubby-style manner. The Melamine Shoe Cube offers organization of 25 or 15 shoe pairs. The heavy-duty PVC plastic Doored Cube offers sturdier storage. Great for shoe storage in garages, as well as other rooms in the home. Multipurpose!


    Storing shoes under beds is the new organizational trend. Shoes Under® is a simple space-saving solution to shoe-cluttered closets and floors. Up to a dozen dress shoes, sandals, sneakers and heels have a tidy new home in this lightweight, durable, nylon and vinyl holder that slides easily under a bed or closet floor. No more stumbling over scattered or piled-up footwear. For convenience, the unit features side handles and a transparent, zippered cover for easy identification


    Got sandals? Racks are a great storage option. The Sandal Rack organizes and protects 10 pair of sandals. The multi-purpose design holds flip flops, sandals, caps, scarves, and more. Also features a useful protective mat with bamboo accents. Unit self-adjusts to fit various door heights and mounts to any wall. Best part of all: no assembly required.


    These clever organizers are the ultimate in convenience and efficiency. Great for those on-the go who can't spare a minute to find that lost shoe. The Spinning Closet Shoe Organizer maximizes closet space and rotates 360°. This handy unit is designed to keep your favorite items organized within easy reach. The neutral fabric organizer complements any room décor, and spins for quick access to all 40 roomy pockets. Helpful tip: use the interior shelves to store stacked shirts, sweaters or purses. The smaller pockets are perfect for shoes, scarves, accessories and more.


    These are among the most popular type of shoe organizers. The Overdoor Shoe Organizer keeps 30 pairs of shoes together and visible, making selections a snap. Features include vinyl front and breathable material backing and metal hanging brackets. Four self-adhesive hook and loop strips attach to door for added stability. The 10 Shelf Open Front Shoe Organizer frees up floor space and reduces clutter with its efficient hanging design. This model easily hangs on a closet rod with its two sturdy hooks. Canvas material allows air to circulate while protecting shoes and keeping them clean. Also great for holding smaller accessories, hats, books, CDs, and more. The Over the Door Shoe Rack holds an impressive 36 pairs of shoes. Conveniently includes a nonslip door pad that prevents scratching while holding the unit in place. Made of durable white resin sides with nonslip coated steel bars. Easy, no tool assembly makes this unit a popular choice in shoe storage.


    The Lexington Four Tier Shoe Shelf is perfect for storing just about anything. Thanks to its natural finish, this storage unit featuring four chrome-colored wire shelves conveniently stores shoes, household items, baskets, boxes, clothing, or anything else you can think of. This useful organizer fits basically anywhere without occupying too much space. For those needing a portable shoe storage option, the expandable 3 Tier Cart can't be beat. This unit adjusts to meet all of your storage needs. Store shoes, garments, accessories and other items neatly.

    Conveniently adjustable to fit the space you need. Shelves expand from 23 1/4" to 33". This efficient, metal and plastic unit moves from room to room with two handles and caster wheels. The ultimate storage unit for on-the-go shoe addicts.


    These tried-and-true shoe organizers are great for those who tend to overlook all their shoe options. The Antique Bronze 3-Tier Revolving Shoe Tree allows easy access to 18 shoe pairs. Height tiers are conveniently adjustable. Revolving rack is weighted at the bottom for stability. Includes a convenient carrying handle. Not to be outdone, the Silver Satin Floor to Ceiling Shoe Tree is constructed of heavy-duty commercial grade steel for excellent durability. Silver satin finish complements any décor. Convenient, adjustable height tiers hold 36 pair of shoes. The sturdy wire racks revolve for easy access, and the weighted bottom lends stability. As a bonus, the added accessory basket holds socks, belts or other items.

    With all these storage options, even the most organizationally-challenged people will have no trouble finding that elusive shoe. Say goodbye to shoe hunting, and hello to organized bliss!